|Born||12 February 1724|
|Died||7 April 1797 (aged 73)|
Aston, East Riding of Yorkshire
|Occupation||English poet, editor and gardener|
Musaeus was a monody on the death of Pope, and written in imitation of Milton's Lycidas. Different poets in Musaeus bewail Pope's death; Chaucer speaks in an imitation of old English, and Spenser speaks two stanzas after the metre of the Shepherd's Calendar and three stanzas in the style of the Fairy Queen. There is nothing remarkable about these imitations....
Among his other works are the historical tragedies Elfrida (1752) and Caractacus (1759) (both used in translation as libretti for 18th century operas: Elfrida - Paisiello and LeMoyne, Caractacus - Sacchini (as Arvire et Évélina) and a long poem on gardening, The English Garden (three volumes, 1772–82). His garden designs included one for the Viscount Harcourt.
He was the friend, executor, and biographer of Thomas Gray, who was a great influence on his own work. In 1775 The Poems of Mr. Gray. To which are prefixed Memoirs of his Life and Writings by W[illiam]. Mason. York, was published. He was also a friend of Horace Walpole and Joshua Reynolds.
Mason's artwork was considered worthy of showing at the Royal Academy between 1782 and 1786. In 1785, he was William Pitt the Younger's choice to succeed William Whitehead as Poet Laureate but refused the honour.
Two of his works of scenes at the York racecourse, "A Country Racecourse with horses preparing to start" and "A Country Racecourse with horses running". were reproduced as mezzotint illustrations in 1786 by Francis Jukes in collaboration with Robert Pollard.
In 1797, Mason hurt his shin on a Friday while stepping out of his carriage. He was able to officiate in his church at Aston on the following Sunday. He died from the injury on the following Wednesday, 7 April.
Memorial inscriptions for Mason may be found in the church at Aston near Rotherham where he was rector and at Poet's Corner in Westminster Abbey. A cenotaph was also erected by Countess Harcourt in the gardens at Nuneham Courtenay.
Gallery: The English Garden
- "William Mason (M742W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Singer, S. W. (1822). The Life of William Mason, M.A. The British Poets including Translations. In One Hundred Volumes. LXXVII. Chiswick: C. Whittingham, College House. 5.
- Phelps, William Lyon (1904). The Beginnings of the English Romantic Movement. Boston: Ginn and Co. p. 69.
- More on Thomas Gray
- "Review of The Correspondence of Horace Walpole, Earl of Oxford, and the Rev. William Mason edited, with Notes, by the Rev. J. Mitford, 2 vols". The Quarterly Review. 89: 135–169. June 1851.
- Mason and the Academy
- British Museum
- "A Country Racecourse" set
- guardian of Francis Ferrand Foljambe
- Author and Bookinfo.com
- Translation into French of The English Garden with five drawings.
- William Mason at the Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900
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