William Grainger Blount
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Tennessee's 2nd district
December 8, 1815 – March 3, 1819
|Preceded by||John Sevier|
|Succeeded by||John Cocke|
|Secretary of State of Tennessee|
|Preceded by||Robert Houston|
|Succeeded by||William Alexander|
Craven County, North Carolina
|Died||May 21, 1827 (aged 42–43)|
|Resting place||Paris City Cemetery|
|Relations||William Blount (father)|
Thomas Blount (uncle)
Willie Blount (uncle)
William Grainger Blount (1784 – May 21, 1827) was an American politician who represented Tennessee's 2nd district in the United States House of Representatives from 1815 to 1819. He is the son of Southwest Territory governor William Blount and nephew of Tennessee governor Willie Blount, serving under the latter as Tennessee Secretary of State from 1811 to 1815.
Life and career
Blount was born near New Bern, North Carolina, in Craven County, the eldest son of William Blount and Mary Grainger Blount. He attended the New Bern Academy. In 1792, following his father's appointment as Governor of the Southwest Territory, he moved with his parents to Knoxville, which had been chosen as the new territorial capital. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1805. He was never married and had no known children.
Blount practiced law in Knoxville. He also engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1811, he was elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives. Shortly afterward, the General Assembly elected him Secretary of State of Tennessee. Serving alongside his uncle, Governor Willie Blount, he helped coordinate the state's War of 1812 efforts, and certified the "Walker Line" as the boundary between Tennessee and Kentucky.
Following the death of John Sevier in 1815, Blount was elected to his seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, narrowly defeating John Cocke by a vote of 1,583 to 1,355. He was reelected in 1817, again defeating Cocke by a narrow margin, 3,627 votes to 3,429. Serving as a Democratic-Republican in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth congresses, Blount consistently sought the creation of new postal routes throughout his district, including a route connecting Maryville and Sevierville, a route connecting Sevierville and Dandridge, and a route connecting Morganton, Tennessee, with Carnesville, Georgia. He voted in favor of an 1816 bill reaffirming the nation's neutrality, and voted against the Bonus Bill of 1817 (he also voted in favor of sustaining President James Madison's veto of the Bonus Bill).
Choosing not to run for a third term, Blount resumed his practice of law in Knoxville. In 1818, he became owner of Blount Mansion, the house his father had built in the city. He moved to Paris, Tennessee, in 1826, where he continued to practice law. He died on May 21, 1827, and is interred in the City Cemetery in Paris.
- William Grainger Blount at Find a Grave
- "Blount, William Grainger".
- "William Grainger Blount". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 12 February 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "William Grainger Blount". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 12 February 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Samuel G. Heiskell, Andrew Jackson and Early Tennessee History (Ambrose Printing Company, 1918), p. 368.
- Journal of the House of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky (State Journal Company, 1815), p. 106.
- Candidate: William Grainger Blount, Our Campaigns. Retrieved: 20 February 2013.
- "William Grainger Blount". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 12 February 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States (Francis Childs and John Swain, 1816), pp. 89, 104, 270, 548.
- Stanley Folmsbee, Sectionalism and Internal Improvements in Tennessee, 1796–1845 (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, 1939), p. 42n.
- Amy Young, Archaeology of Southern Landscapes (University of Alabama Press, 2000), p. 155.
- "William Grainger Blount". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 12 February 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- United States Congress. "William Grainger Blount (id: B000571)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
| Secretary of State of Tennessee
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 2nd congressional district
December 8, 1815–March 3, 1819
John A. Cocke