West Calder Main Street looking towards the West End
|Population||3,130 (mid-2016 est.)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||WEST CALDER|
West Calder (Scots: Wast Cauder, Gaelic: Caladar an Iar) is a village in the Council Area of West Lothian, Scotland, located four miles west of Livingston. Historically it is within the County of Midlothian. The village was an important centre for the oil shale economy in the 19th and 20th Centuries. West Calder has its own railway station. The surrounding villages that take West Calder's name in their address - Polbeth, Addiewell, Loganlea, Harburn and Westwood - outline the area that this village encompasses, and they all have played an important part in the history of the village as well as West Lothian. It is also the most northerly centre of the Dogs Trust, closely followed by the new centre at Glasgow. The village is a 10-minute drive from Livingston, which is host to two large shopping centres.
Burngrange, an area west of the village, was the site of the Burngrange mining disaster in 1947.
Most housing in the village dates from the mid-20th century, though it has a public library built as early as 1903. Funded by Carnegie money this building represents a fine example of the Art Nouveau style and has a decorative interior. The parish church (1643) was abandoned in 1880 and is now roofless.
The Five Sisters shale bings to the north of West Calder were named by artist John Latham during his time with an Artist Placement Group project with the Scottish Office's Development Agency in 1975–6., a local landmark and scheduled monument, the bings rise to a height of 720 feet (220 m), some 230 feet (70 m) above the surrounding area, and are the spoil tips from the oil shale industry that was a feature of the area 
A description of West Calder written by Rev. Mr. Muckersie appears in the Old Statistical Account of Scotland (1791-1799), Volume 18 No.9 pp. 190–198. The description includes information on the topics such as the character and manners of the people, agriculture and produce, the ecclesiastical state of the parish, diseases affecting the local populace and details of the poor funds.
- Sir Archibald Douglas (1298–1333), Guardian of Scotland and military leader
- The birthplace of James Douglas (1675–1742), physician and anatomist
- James Graham Fairley (1846-1934) architect
- The birthplace of John Kane (1860–1934), painter celebrated for his skill in Naïve art
- George Hogg (1869 – ????), Scottish footballer
- Thomas Fairfoul (1881–1952), Scottish footballer
- Lawrence Ennis, main supervisor of the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge
- Robert McKeen (1884–1974), Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives
- Dougal Haston (1940–1977), mountaineer and pupil at West Calder High
- Brian Eddie (1952– , footballer
West Calder is home to the football club West Calder United, who compete in the East of Scotland Football League. The 19th century team Mossend Swifts (which provided two Scottish international players) was also based nearby.
West Calder also has a Masonic Hall which is home to Lodge Thistle number 270 of the Roll of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. The hall is also home to the West Calder chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star.
West Calder has three churches: Our Lady and St. Bridget's R.C. Church; West Kirk of Calder CofS and Limefield U.F. Church.
West Calder is also the home of the West Calder Model Flying Club. The club is run for the enjoyment and promotion of radio controlled model aircraft flying in the area. The club has its own tarmac runway and is maintained by the members for use throughout the whole year.
- Andy Eagle. "The Online Scots Dictionary". Scots Online. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- Richardson, Craig (1 May 2012). "Waste to Monument: John Latham's Niddrie Woman: Art & Environment – Tate Papers". Tate. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- "Five Sisters". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
- "The Statistical Account of Scotland" (PDF). www.electricscotland.com. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "West Calder Catholic ChurchParishes of Our Lady & St. Bridget's - West Calder & St. Thomas - Addiewell - Home". West Calder Catholic Church
Parishes of Our Lady & St. Bridget's - West Calder
& St. Thomas - Addiewell. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- West Calder Radio Control Model Flying Club Retrieved 12 December 2018
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Calder .|