|Virginia's 5th congressional district|
Virginia’s fifth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. It is Virginia's largest district with an area of 10,181.03 square miles (26,368.7 km2) and is larger in area than six US states (Vermont, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, and New Hampshire). The 5th District contains counties located in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Region stretching vertically across the state from the Virginia-North Carolina Border going 250 miles up to Fauquier County in Northern Virginia, West of Washington DC.
The district’s first representative in Congress was James Madison, who defeated James Monroe in the district's first congressional election. Madison and Monroe would go on to serve as the 4th and 5th Presidents of the United States. The current Congressman is Republican Bob Good. Historically, the 5th was one of the first districts of Virginia to turn Republican in presidential elections – though unlike the 6th where the decisive factor was ticket-splitting by Byrd Organization Democrats, here the decisive factor was the growth of middle-class Republicanism in the Charlottesville metropolitan area. In the decade preceding the Voting Rights Act, these were joined by a significant proportion of Virginia’s limited and almost entirely white electorate who preferred conservative positions on black civil rights. The district was to be one of two in Virginia giving a plurality to segregationist George Wallace in 1968, and has never supported a Democrat for president since Harry S. Truman.
However, the district was continuously represented in Congress by fairly conservative Democrats until Virgil H. Goode, Jr. switched parties, first to independent and then to Republican. In 2008, Democrat Tom Perriello defeated Goode with significant Democratic down-ballot coattails from the Obama campaign. Republican Robert Hurt defeated Perriello in 2010, going on to serve three terms. Republican Tom Garrett was elected in 2016 and served one term. The district after that elected Republican Denver Riggleman in 2018, who went on to serve one term. Then the district elected Republican Bob Good in 2020.
According to the APM Research Lab's Voter Profile Tools (featuring the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey), the district contained about 580,000 potential voters (citizens, age 18+). Of these, 75% are White and 20% are Black. Immigrants make up 3% of the district's potential voters. Median income among households (with one or more potential voter) in the district is about $57,700, while 12% of households live below the poverty line. As for the educational attainment of potential voters in the district, 12% of those 25 and older have not earned a high school degree, while 27% hold a bachelor's or higher degree.
It covers all or part of the following political subdivisions:
The entirety of:
- Albemarle County
- Appomattox County
- Brunswick County
- Buckingham County
- Campbell County
- Charlotte County
- Cumberland County
- Fluvanna County
- Franklin County
- Greene County
- Halifax County
- Lunenburg County
- Madison County
- Mecklenburg County
- Nelson County
- Pittsylvania County
- Prince Edward County
- Rappahannock County
Recent election results
Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2008
|Total Votes Cast||317,076|
Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2010
|Total Votes Cast||235,299|
Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2012
|Kenneth Hildebrandt||Independent Green||5,500||1.6%|
|Total Votes Cast||348,222|
Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2014
|Walter Lawrence Gaughan||Democratic||73,482||35.9%|
|Kenneth Hildebrandt||Independent Green||2,209||1.1%|
|Total Votes Cast||204,948|
Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2016
|Total votes cast||356,765|
Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2018
Took place on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, with Republican Denver Riggleman winning the election. The incumbent, Tom Garrett, did not run for re-election.
|All others||Write In||547||0.18|
|Total votes cast||310,926||100|
Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2020
Republican Bob Good defeated Dr. Cameron Webb in the November general election on Tuesday, November 3, 2020.
|Total votes cast||401,303||100.0%|
List of members representing the district
Historical district boundaries
- Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Representing US: 2020 Voter Profiles". APM Research Lab. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
- "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- "2018 November General".
- Virginia Department of Elections, Certified Candidates in Ballot Order for November 6, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- "Virginia Election Results: Fifth Congressional District". Retrieved November 13, 2020.
- Marcilla, Max. "Democrat Cameron Webb concedes 5th Congressional District race to Republican Bob Good". www.nbc29.com. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- Rep. Denver Riggleman's official House of Representatives website
- 5th CD Democratic Committee website
- 5th CD Republican Committee website