|Born||June 28, 1882|
Owensville, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||July 2, 1962 (aged 80)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Resting place||Highland Lawn Cemetery|
|Other names||Valeska Surratt|
(m. 1904; div. 1911)
(m. 1911; died 1941)
Valeska Suratt (June 28, 1882 – July 2, 1962) was an American stage and silent film actress. Over the course of her career, Suratt appeared in 11 silent films, all of which are now lost, mainly due to the 1937 Fox vault fire.
Early life and career
Suratt was born in Owensville, Indiana to Ralph and Anna (Matthews) Suratt. Her paternal grandparents were French immigrants and her maternal grandparents immigrated to the United States from England. She had one stepsister, one older brother and a younger sister. When she was six, her family moved to Terre Haute, Indiana. She dropped out of school in 1899 and worked at a photographer's studio. Suratt later moved to Indianapolis where she worked as an assistant in a millinery at a department store.
Suratt began her career as an actress on the Chicago stage. Around 1900, she began appearing in vaudeville. She soon paired with performer Billy Gould (whom she later married) and the two created a successful act that included an exotic Apache dance performed by Suratt. In 1906, she made her Broadway debut in the musical The Belle of Mayfair, followed by a role in Hip! Hip! Hooray! the following year. By 1908, Suratt and Gould had parted ways and Suratt began a successful solo act which featured her singing and dancing while wearing glamorous costumes and gowns. Suratt's success in vaudeville continued and she began billing herself as "Vaudeville's Greatest Star" and "The Biggest Drawing Card in New York". In 1910, she appeared in the show The Girl with the Whooping Cough. New York City mayor William Jay Gaynor claimed that the show was "salacious" and had it shut down because of its sexually suggestive themes. In December 1910, she teamed up with Fletcher Norton (who became her second husband) in a play titled Bouffe Variety. She became noted for appearing in playlets where she played a variety of roles in comedies and melodramas.
During her years on the stage, Valeska was noted for the high fashion clothes she wore on stage and her name became synonymous with lavish gowns worldwide. Among the items which were most commented about was an $11,000 Cinderella cloak. She was sometimes called the "Empress of Fashions". She possibly was another model for the famous Gibson Girl sketchings. Vogue magazine later named her "one of the best dressed women on the stage" and routinely wrote about the gowns she wore in her stage shows in detail.
In 1915, Suratt signed with Fox. Like fellow Fox contract players Theda Bara and Virginia Pearson, Suratt was marketed as a vamp and was cast as seductive and exotic characters. Suratt made her film debut in The Soul of Broadway in 1915. She reportedly wore more than 150 gowns in the film which cost $25,000 each. The same year, she made The Immigrant followed by The Straight Way (1916), Jealousy (1916), The Victim (1916), The New York Peacock (1916), and She (1917). She performed in a total of 11 silent films during her career, all of which are now considered lost.
By 1920, Suratt's career had begun to wane as vaudeville fell out of a favor with audiences, as did the craze for the vamp image. In 1928, Suratt and scholar Mirza Ahmad Sohrab sued Cecil B. DeMille for stealing the scenario for The King of Kings from them. The case went to trial in February 1930 but eventually was settled without publicity. Suratt, who had left films in 1917, appeared to be unofficially blacklisted after the suit.
By the end of the 1920s, Suratt disappeared. In the 1930s, she was discovered living in a cheap hotel in New York City and was broke. After novelist Fannie Hurst learned of Suratt's situation, she organized a benefit for her which raised around $2,000. Suratt disappeared for a few weeks after receiving the money and later returned to her hotel room penniless having squandered the money gambling. In an attempt to revive her career, Suratt tried to sell her life's story to one of William Randolph Hearst's newspapers. A reporter who read Suratt's manuscript later said that Suratt wrote that she was the Virgin Mary and the mother of God. Suratt never revived her career on the stage or in films.
Suratt married twice and had no children. Her first husband was William J. Flannery (1869–1950), known as Billy Gould, a vaudeville comedian known for his minstrel roles. She reportedly married him around 1904. After their divorce in 1911, she married actor Fletcher Norton. After eight weeks of marriage, Fletcher Norton was granted a divorce on July 16, 1911. 
|December 3, 1906 – March 30, 1907||The Belle of Mayfair||Duchess of Dunmow|
|October 10 – December 7, 1907||Hip! Hip! Hooray!||Mrs. Vera Shapeleigh|
|April 25 – May 1910||The Girl with the Whooping Cough|
|June 2 – September 1911||The Red Rose||Lola||Costume and scenic design|
|July 6 – September 9, 1922||Spice of 1922|
|1915||The Soul of Broadway||Grace Leonard, aka La Valencia||Lost film|
|1915||The Immigrant||Masha||Lost film|
|1916||The Straight Way||Mary Madison||Lost film|
|1916||Jealousy||Anne Baxter||Lost film|
|1916||The Victim||Ruth Merrill||Lost film|
|1917||The New York Peacock||Zena||Lost film|
|1917||She||Ayesha, aka "She"||Lost film|
|1917||The Slave||Caroline||Lost film|
|1917||The Siren||Cherry Millard||Lost film|
|1917||Wife Number Two||Emma Rolfe||Lost film|
|1917||A Rich Man's Plaything||Marie Grandon||Lost film|
- Fields, Armond (2006). Women Vaudeville Stars: Eighty Biographical Profiles. ISBN 9780786425839.
- McCormick, Mike (March 14, 2009). "HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE: Looking at the twists and turns in the life of Valeska Suratt". tribstar.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- Waterbury, Ruth; Vaux Bacon, George (1915). "Valeska Suratt of Terre Haute". Photoplay: The Aristocrat of Motion Picture Magazines, Volume 9. 9. Photoplay Magazine Publishing Company. pp. 89–91.
- Slide, Anthony (2012). The Encyclopedia of Vaudeville. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 484–485. ISBN 978-1-61703-250-9.
- Erdman, Andrew L. (2004). Blue Vaudeville: Sex, Morals and the Mass Marketing of Amusement, 1895–1915. McFarland. p. 118. ISBN 0-7864-1827-3.
- Erdman 2004 p.117
- Front Cover Fort Lee Film Commission (2006). Fort Lee: Birthplace of the Motion Picture Industry. Arcadia Publishing. p. 76. ISBN 0-7385-4501-5.
- Solomon, Aubrey (2011). Fox Film Corporation, 1915–1935: A History and Filmography. McFarland. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-7864-8610-6.
- International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House; Pratt, George C. (1982). Faces and Fabrics/Feathers and Furs. George Eastman House. p. 3. ISBN 0-935398-05-8.
- Slide 2012 pp.485
- The Helena Independent (Helena, Montana), February 25, 1928
- "Terre Haute Tribune Star website (March 14, 2009)". Archived from the original on January 4, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- Slide 2012 pp. 485–486
- Julie Chanler (1956). From Gaslight to Dawn: an autobiography. New York: New History Foundation. pp. 152–153.
- "Startling Secrets of the World's Most Famous Self-Made Beauty." Cedar Rapids Republican. June 16, 1912, Page 13.
- "Valeska Suratt Thursday." Fort Wayne Journal. July 29, 1917, Page 37.
- "A Journey Through Queen of Night's Apartment." Oakland Tribune. April 5, 1914, Page 10.
- "The Kiss-Waltz." Racine Journal-News. February 5, 1913, Page 10.
- "Star in the Soul of Broadway." Wichita Falls Daily Times. Page 16.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Valeska Surratt.|
- Valeska Suratt at the Internet Broadway Database
- Valeska Suratt at IMDb
- Valeska Suratt Genealogy Page
- 1916 portrait of Valeska Suratt by Benjamin Strauss and Homer Peyton
- Suratt's stage portraits & silent film stills
- Passport photo of Valeska Suratt, 1919
- Valeska Suratt(Univ. of South Carolina)
- Valeska Suratt(Kinotv)
- Valeska Suratt(ValeskaSuratt.com - reconstructions of her lost films)