The United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation is a standing committee of the United States Senate. Besides having broad jurisdiction over all matters concerning interstate commerce, science and technology policy, and transportation, the Senate Commerce Committee is one of the largest of the Senate's standing committees, with 26 members in the 117th Congress. The Commerce Committee has six subcommittees. It is chaired by Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA) with Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) as Ranking Member. The majority office is housed in the Dirksen Senate Office Building, and the minority office is located in the Hart Senate Office Building.
The Committee has its roots in the Committee on Commerce and Manufacturers, which served as a standing committee in the early-1800s. This committee was split in two in the 1820s and remained in this configuration until the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946. Under the LRA, the number of standing committees was dramatically decreased to increase congressional efficiency and increase institutional strength. As a result, the Committee on Commerce, the Committee on Manufactures, the Committee on Interstate Commerce, and the Committee on Interoceanic Canals were combined into the United States Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. In 1977, as a part of widespread committee reorganization, the Committee was renamed the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and given additional oversight jurisdiction over nonmilitary aeronautical and space sciences, including the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
The original progenitors of this committee were:
- United States Senate Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (1816–1825)
- United States Senate Committee on Commerce (1825–1946, 1961–1977)
- United States Senate Committee on Manufactures (1825–1855, 1864–1946)
- United States Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce (1885–1946)
- United States Senate Committee on Interoceanic Canals (1899–1946)
- United States Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (1946–1961)
- United States Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences (1958–1977)
In accordance of Rule XXV of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects is referred to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation:
- "Coast Guard;
- Coastal zone management;
- Highway safety;
- Inland waterways, except construction;
- Interstate commerce;
- Marine and ocean navigation, safety, and transportation, including navigational aspects of deepwater ports;
- Marine fisheries;
- Merchant marine and navigation;
- Nonmilitary aeronautical and space sciences;
- Oceans, weather, and atmospheric activities;
- Panama Canal and interoceanic canals generally, except as provided in subparagraph (c);
- Regulation of consumer products and services, including testing related to toxic substances, other than pesticides, and except for credit, financial services, and housing;
- Regulation of interstate common carriers, including railroads, buses, trucks, vessels, pipelines, and civil aviation;
- Science, engineering, and technology research and development and policy;
- Standards and measurement;
- Transportation; and,
- Transportation and commerce aspects of Outer Continental Shelf lands."
The Senate Commerce Committee is also charged to "study and review, on a comprehensive basis, all matters relating to science and technology, oceans policy, transportation, communications, and consumer affairs, and report thereon from time to time."
Members, 117th Congress
|Aviation Safety, Operations and Innovation||Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)||Ted Cruz (R-TX)|
|Communications, Media and Broadband||Ben Ray Luján (D-NM)||John Thune (R-SD)|
|Consumer Protection, Product Safety and Data Security||Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)||Marsha Blackburn (R-TN)|
|Oceans, Fisheries, Climate Change and Manufacturing||Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)||Dan Sullivan (R-AK)|
|Space and Science||John Hickenlooper (D-CO)||Cynthia Lummis (R-WY)|
|Surface Transportation, Maritime, Freight and Ports||Gary Peters (D-MI)||Deb Fischer (R-NE)|
|Tourism, Trade, and Export Promotion||Jacky Rosen (D-NV)||Rick Scott (R-FL)|
The committee, under its various names, has been chaired by the following senators:
Committee on Commerce and Manufactures, 1816–1825
|William Hunter||Federalist||Rhode Island||1816–1817|
|Nathan Sanford||Republican||New York||1817–1820|
|Mahlon Dickerson||Republican/Crawford Republican||New Jersey||1820–1825|
Committee on Commerce, 1825–1947
Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1947–1961
|Wallace H. White, Jr.||Republican||Maine||1947-1949|
|Edwin C. Johnson||Democratic||Colorado||1949-1953|
|Charles W. Tobey||Republican||New Hampshire||1953|
|John W. Bricker||Republican||Ohio||1953-1955|
Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, 1958-1977
|Lyndon B. Johnson||Democratic||Texas||1958-1961|
|Robert S. Kerr||Democratic||Oklahoma||1961-1963|
|Clinton P. Anderson||Democratic||New Mexico||1963-1973|
|Frank E. Moss||Democratic||Utah||1973-1977|
|Wendell H. Ford||Democratic||Kentucky||Jan. 10-Feb. 11, 1977|
Committee on Commerce, 1961–1977
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 1977–present
|John C. Danforth||Republican||Missouri||1985–1987|
|Ernest F. Hollings||Democratic||South Carolina||1987–1995|
|Larry Pressler||Republican||South Dakota||1995–1997|
|Ernest F. Hollings||Democratic||South Carolina||2001|
|Ernest F. Hollings||Democratic||South Carolina||2001–2003|
|John D. Rockefeller IV||Democratic||West Virginia||2009–2015|
|John Thune||Republican||South Dakota||2015–2019|
Historical committee rosters
|Aviation and Space||Ted Cruz (R-TX)||Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)|
|Communications, Technology, Innovation and the Internet||John Thune (R-SD)||Brian Schatz (D-HI)|
|Manufacturing, Trade, and Consumer Protection||Jerry Moran (R-KS)||Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)|
|Science, Oceans, Fisheries, and Weather||Cory Gardner (R-CO)||Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)|
|Security||Dan Sullivan (R-AK)||Ed Markey (D-MA)|
|Transportation and Safety||Deb Fischer (R-NE)||Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)|
- "U.S. Senate Committee On Commerce, Science, & Transportation - About". U.S. Senate Committee On Commerce, Science, & Transportation.
- "Rules of the United States Senate". U.S. Senate Committee on Rules and Administration. Retrieved May 31, 2019. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Chair Cantwell Announces Subcommittee Leadership for the 117th Congress
- "Chairmen of Senate Standing Committees 1789-present" (PDF). Retrieved September 23, 2020.
- At the beginning of the 107th Congress in January 2001 the Senate was evenly divided. With a Democratic president and vice president still serving until January 20, the Democratic vice president was available to break a tie, and the Democrats thus controlled the Senate for 17 days, from January 3 to January 20. On January 3 the Senate adopted S. Res. 7 designating Democratic senators as committee chairmen to serve during this period and Republican chairmen to serve effective at noon on January 20, 2001.
- On June 6, 2001, the Democrats took control of the Senate after Senator James Jeffords (VT) changed from the Republican Party to Independent and announced that he would caucus with the Democrats.
- "U.S. Senate: Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation". www.senate.gov. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.|
- Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation website (Archive)
- Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee. Legislation activity and reports, Congress.gov.