They are mentioned as Turonos and Turonis by Caesar (mid-1st c. BC), Turones by Pliny (1st c. AD), Turoni by Tacitus (early 2nd c. AD), and as Touroúpioi (Τουρούπιοι, var. τουρογιεῖς) by Ptolemy (2nd c. AD).
A folk etymology from the ancient records of Britain, cited by Geoffrey of Monmouth, Nennius, and the anonymous author of Jesus College MS LXI, attributed the name to Turnus, a nephew of Brutus of Troy who was buried there after dying in battle protecting the Britons from King Goffar of Aquitaine and the Poitevins.
The city of Tours, attested in the 6th c. AD as apud Toronos (in civitate Turonus in 976, Turonis in 1205, Tors in 1266), and the Touraine region, attested in 774 as Turonice civitatis (in pago Turonico in 983, vicecomes Turanie in 1195–96, Touraine in 1220), are named after the Gallic tribe.
The Turoni on the middle reaches of the Loire river. It spanned the modern department of Indre-et-Loire, and parts of the Indre and Vienne. Their territory was located south of the Cenomani, east of the Andecavi and the Pictones.
- Demarolle 2006.
- Caesar. Commentarii de Bello Gallico, 2:35:3, 8:46:4.
- Pliny. Naturalis Historia, 4:107.
- Tacitus. Annales, 3:41.
- Ptolemy. Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, 2:8:11.
- Falileyev 2010, s.v. Turones.
- Chronicle of the Early Britons
- Nègre 1990, p. 158.
- Ancient Society (in French). Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven. 1970. p. 158.
- Adolph, Anthony (2015-11-30). Brutus of Troy: And the Quest for the Ancestry of the British. Pen and Sword. p. 80. ISBN 9781473849204.
- Brooke, Anna E.; Jordi, Nathalie; Sommer, Lauren; Sussman, Anna (2007-06-05). MTV France. John Wiley & Sons. p. 149. ISBN 9780764587702.
- Demarolle, Jeanne-Marie (2006). "Turoni". Brill's New Pauly. doi:10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1223080.
- Falileyev, Alexander (2010). Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-names: A Celtic Companion to the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. CMCS. ISBN 978-0955718236.
- Nègre, Ernest (1990). Toponymie générale de la France (in French). Librairie Droz. ISBN 978-2-600-02883-7.