|Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament|
11 May 2011 – 12 May 2016
|First Minister||Alex Salmond|
|Preceded by||Alex Fergusson|
|Succeeded by||Ken Macintosh|
|Member of the Scottish Parliament|
for Mid Fife and Glenrothes
Central Fife (2007–2011)
3 May 2007 – 24 March 2016
|Preceded by||Christine May|
|Succeeded by||Jenny Gilruth|
|Member of the Scottish Parliament|
for Mid Scotland and Fife
(1 of 7 Regional MSPs)
6 May 1999 – March 2007
5 November 1953
Cowdenbeath, Fife, Scotland
|Political party||Independent (2011–present)|
|Scottish National Party (1999–2011)|
|Relations||Natalie McGarry (niece)|
|Occupation||Charity Public Affairs Officer|
Patricia Marwick (née Lee; born 5 November 1953) is a Scottish politician who served as Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament from 2011 to 2016. She was a Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) from 1999 to 2016. Elected as a member of the Scottish National Party (SNP), she suspended her membership in 2011 upon her election as presiding officer, following the tradition of the presiding officer being nonpartisan.
Born in Cowdenbeath and raised in Fife, she worked for Shelter Scotland before becoming a politician. In the first ever Scottish Parliament election, Marwick ran as an SNP candidate for the Central Fife constituency, but came second to Henry McLeish. Although she failed to win the seat in two elections, she was elected as an additional member for the Mid Scotland and Fife region. In the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, she defeated Scottish Labour's Christine May, and was elected to served as the MSP for Central Fife.
Following the 2011 election to the 4th Scottish Parliament, Marwick was elected to the newly drawn Mid Fife and Glenrothes constituency. With the SNP's outright majority, she was elected as the fourth Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament. Marwick is the first woman to hold the position of office. As the Presiding Officer is a non-partisan role, she was forced to relinquish her party affiliation. She stood down from the Scottish Parliament in the 2016 election and the from 2016 to 2020, she served as chair of the NHS Fife board.
Early life and career
Patricia Lee was born on 5 November 1953 in Cowdenbeath and was brought up in Fife, one of seven siblings. She worked as Public Affairs Officer for Shelter Scotland, a charity for homeless people, from 1992 to 1999.
Member of the Scottish Parliament
At the 1999 Scottish Parliamentary election, Marwick was elected as a member for the Mid Scotland and Fife region. She served on the SNP opposition frontbench team as Deputy Business Manager 1999–2000, Shadow Minister for Local Government 2004, Business Manager and Chief Whip 2004–2005 and Shadow Minister for Housing 2005–2007. Marwick has also served as a member of the Scottish Parliament’s Standards, Justice and Home Affairs, Equal Opportunities, Local Government and Communities committees and as convenor of the Waverly Railway (Scotland) Bill committee from 2004–2006.
At the 2003 Scottish Parliamentary election she contested the Central Fife seat and, although she narrowly failed to win the seat, she was re-elected to serve as a member for Mid Scotland and Fife. Marwick contested Central Fife again in 2007 and was elected as the constituencies MSP after defeating the Labour incumbent, Christine May, with a majority of 1,166 votes.
Following the 2007 election Marwick was appointed as the SNP's representative on the Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body, and oversaw parliamentary access and information issues.
Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament
In the 2011 election, Marwick was elected for the Mid Fife and Glenrothes constituency, essentially a redrawing of her old Central Fife seat. On 11 May 2011, when Parliament reconvened, Marwick was elected to serve as the 4th Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament, having won support from the majority of members in the second round of voting. She became the first woman and second SNP member to serve in the position. In October 2012, Marwick accepted a nomination to join the Privy Council, meaning that she is styled the Rt Hon. Tricia Marwick MSP.
On 29 May 2015, it was announced that Marwick would stand down as Presiding Officer at the 2016 election. She also left elected politics as a whole. Upon standing down, she was made an offer to have her name put forward for an honour from the Queen but turned the offer down.
Marwick was announced as the new chair for the NHS Fife board in November 2016, replacing Allan Burns who resigned from the post in August 2016. Her appointment as chair ran from 1 January 2017 until 31 December 2020.
In 2021 Marwick tweeted journalist Fraser Nelson, who had published articles critical of the Scottish Government, that, "We see you Fraser. We see what you are trying to do. Have never seen you challenge Westminster Governments. Scottish birth not alone does a Scotsman make, sometimes it signifies a Scotsman on the make." Nelson replied, “While raised in the Highlands I guess I was never quite properly Scottish. How could you tell?” The Scottish Conservatives said Marwick "should clearly have known better than to pander to the most extreme wing of her party" and she deleted the tweet.
- Marriage certificate of Francis Leonard Marwick and Patricia Lee, 1975, Cowdenbeath District 430/00 0036410/01 0055 – National Records of Scotland
- Rhodes, Mandy (12 July 2016). "Interview: Tricia Marwick on her reform agenda". Holyrood. Archived from the original on 8 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Tricia Marwick: Keeping MSPs in check, living with cancer and being a geek". BBC News. 30 May 2014. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014.
- Birth certificate of Patricia Lee, 5 November 1953, Cowdenbeath District 410/01 0055 – National Records of Scotland
- "People of today: Tricia Marwick". Debrett's. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Carrell, Severin (11 May 2011). "Alex Salmond faces row as SNP chooses one of its own as presiding officer". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016.
- "MSP 'honoured' by Privy Council role". Fife Today. 11 October 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
- "Presiding Officer Tricia Marwick to step down as MSP". BBC News. 29 May 2015. Archived from the original on 29 May 2015.
- "Tricia Marwick". NHS Fife. 26 August 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
- Andrews, Kieran (11 June 2016). "Tricia Marwick turns down Queen's birthday honour". The Courier. Archived from the original on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- Andrews, Kieran (29 November 2016). "Tricia Marwick appointed new chair of NHS Fife". The Courier. Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- "Chair Appointed to Fife NHS Board". nhsfife.org (Press release). NHS Fife. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- "Former SNP presiding officer labelled 'appalling' over Scottish birth comments". HeraldScotland.
- "Nat for Europe!". Dunfermline Press. 31 January 2013. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015.
- Scottish Parliament profiles of MSPs: Tricia Marwick