|Industry||Film and television|
|Founded||June 8, 1938 (as Toyoko Eiga)|
October 1, 1949 (as Tokyo Film Distribution, a subdsidiary of Tokyu and Toyoko Eiga)
April 1, 1951 (as Toei Company)
|Worldwide, with a focus in Japan|
(President and CEO)
|Products||Motion pictures, publicity materials|
|Services||Film and TV distribution and marketing|
Former distributor of 20th Century Fox movies across Japan (until 2019)
(as of March 2006)
|Owner||As per 31 March 2016:|
The Asahi Shimbun (ultimate largest shareholder, through TV Asahi Holdings, which owns 11.3%)
TBS Television (5.69%)
JTSB investment trusts (5.69%)
Bandai Namco Holdings (4.82%)
Tokyu Corporation (4.06%)
Fuji Media Holdings/Fujisankei Communications Group (3.87%)
Nippon TV (3.25%)
Number of employees
(as of March 1, 2019)
Toei Company, Ltd. (東映株式会社, Tōei Kabushiki-gaisha) (//) (also styled TOEI) is a Japanese film, television production, and distribution and video game developer and publishing company. Based in Tokyo, Toei owns and operates thirty-four movie theaters across Japan (all but two of them operated by its subsidiary, T-Joy), studios at Tokyo and Kyoto; and is a shareholder in several television companies. It is notable for creating animated programming known as anime, and live action dramas known as tokusatsu which use special visual effects. It also creates historical dramas (jidaigeki). Outside Japan, it is known as the controlling shareholder of Toei Animation and the owner of the Kamen Rider and Super Sentai franchises.
Toei is one of the four members of the Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan (MPPAJ), and is therefore one of Japan's Big Four film studios.
The name "Toei" is derived from the company's former name "Tōkyō Eiga Haikyū" (東京映画配給, Tokyo Film Distribution Company).
Toei's predecessor, the Toyoko Eiga Company, Ltd. (東���映画, Tō-Yoko Eiga, "Toyoko Films"), was incorporated in 1938. It was founded by Keita Goto, CEO of Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway (東京横浜電鉄, Tōkyō-Yokohama Dentetsu), the direct predecessor to the Tokyu Corporation. It had erected its facilities immediately east of the Tōkyū Tōyoko Line; they managed the Tōkyū Shibuya Yokohama studio system prior to V-J Day. From 1945 through the Toei merger, Tokyo-Yokohama Films leased from the Daiei Motion Picture Company a second studio in Kyoto.
On October 1, 1950, the Tokyo Film Distribution Company was incorporated as a subsidiary of Toyoko Eiga; in 1951 the company purchased Ōizumi Films. The current iteration of Toei was established on 1 April 1951. Through the merger, they gained the combined talents and experience of actors Chiezō Kataoka, Utaemon Ichikawa, Ryunosuke Tsukigata, Ryūtarō Ōtomo, Kinnosuke Nakamura, Chiyonosuke Azuma, Shirunosuke Toshin, Hashizo Okawa, and Satomi Oka.
In 1955, they purchased the Kyoto studio from Daiei. In 1956, Toei established an animation division, Toei Animation Company, Limited at the former Tokyo-Ōizumi animation studio, purchasing the assets of Japan Animated Films (日本動画���画, Nihon Dōga Eiga, often shortened to 日動映画 (Nichidō Eiga)), founded in 1948. Toei was a pioneer in the use of "Henshin"/"character transformation" in live-action martial-arts dramas, a technique developed for the Kamen Rider, Metal Hero and Super Sentai series; the genre currently continues with Kamen Rider and Super Sentai.
In September 1964, Toei leaves the Tokyu Corporation.
Toei started producing films in 1953. This list compiles the films by their original release date, their common English titles and Japanese titles. The Japanese titles are not necessarily direct translations of their English counterparts.
For feature films, Toei established itself as a producer of B-movies, that were made to fit into double bills and triple bills. It is predominantly known in the west for its series of action films and television series.
|Release date||English film title||Original title||Notes||Ref(s)|
|1954||Weak-kneed from Fear of Ghost-Cat||Kaibyo koshinuke daisodo|||
|1956||The Phantom Cat||N/A|||
|1956||The Swamp||Kaidan Chidoriga-fuchi|||
|1957||Ghost Story of Broken Dishes at Bancho Mansion||Kaidan Bancho sara yashiki|||
|1958||Ghost-Cat of Karakuri Tenjo||Kaibyo Karakuri Tenjo|||
|March 19, 1959||Planet Prince||Yusei oji||Chapter 1|||
|May 26, 1959||Planet Prince||Yusei oji||Chapter 2|||
|1959||Ghost from the Pond||Kaidan hitotsu-me Jizo|||
|October 19, 1959||The Final War||Daisanji sekai taisen - yonju-ichi jikan no kyofu||A New Toei Co, Ltd. Production; released in U.S. in 1962|||
|1960||Alakazam the Great||Saiyu-ki||A Toei Animation Co, Ltd. Production|||
|July 19, 1961||Invasion of the Neptune Men||Uchu kaizoku-sen|||
|1961||Ghost of Oiwa||Kaidan Oiwa no Borei|||
|1962||Ghost Music of Shamisen||Kaidan shamisen-bori|||
|1964||Jakoman and Tetsu||Jakoman to Tetsu|||
|1965||House of Terrors||Kaidan semushi otoko|||
|1965||Ghost of the One-Eyed Man||Kaidan katame no otoko|||
|1966||The Magic Serpent||Kai tatsu daikessen|||
|1967||Yongary, Monster from the Deep||Dai koesu Yongkari||South Korean/Japanese co-production|||
|December 1, 1968||The Green Slime||Gamma sango uchu dai sakusen||U.S./ Japanese co-production|||
|1968||Fear of the Snake Woman||Kaidan hebionna|||
|August 13, 1969||Killer's Mission||Shokin kasegi|||
|1969||Horrors of Malformed Men||Kyofu kikei ningen|||
|1970||Voyage Into Space||Episodes of a Japanese TV series adapted into a TV movie for U.S. release|||
|May 23, 1970||A Kamikaze Cop||Yakuza deka|||
|October 17, 1970||Kamikaze Cop, Marihuana Syndicate||Yakuza deka, Marihuana mitsubai soshiki|||
|1970||Venus Flytrap||Revenge of Dr. X (video title)||Based on a 1950s screenplay by Ed Wood|||
|August 25, 1972||Female Prisoner 701: Scorpion|||
|December 30, 1972||Female Convict Scorpion: Jailhouse 41|||
|July 29, 1973||Female Convict Scorpion: Beast Stable|||
|1974||The Street Fighter||Gekitotsu Satsujinken|||
|April 29, 1977||The "Legend of Dinosaurs"||Kyoryu-kaicho no densetsu|||
|April 29, 1978||Message from Space||Uchu kara no messeji|||
|January 30, 1981||Time Slip||Sengoku jieitai|||
|October 13, 1990||The Pale Head||Shiroi te||A Kansai Telecasting Corp/Toei-Tokyo Production|||
|September 3, 2013||Space Pirate Captain Harlock||a.k.a. Harlock: Space Pirate||Toei Animation Production|||
|December 5, 2015||125 Years Memory||Kainan 1890||Co-produced by Toei, Creators' Union, Böcek Yapım|||
|May 17, 2019||First Love|||
Toei animation films
Toei produced/distributed shows
|1993–present||Power Rangers franchise|
|1996-1998||Big Bad Beetleborgs (later Beetleborgs Metallix)|
|2008-2009||Kamen Rider: Dragon Knight|
- Ninja Hayate (1984)
- Time Gal (1985)
- The Masked Rider: Kamen Rider ZO (1994)
- Chameleon Twist (1997)
- Chameleon Twist 2 (1998)
Saburō Yatsude (八手 三郎, Yatsude Saburō, alternatively read as Saburo Hatte) is a collective pseudonym used by Toei Company television producers, and formerly Toei Animation producers, when contributing to their various anime and tokusatsu series; similar to Sunrise's Hajime Yatate. The use of the pen name began with The Kagestar and has been used throughout the Super Sentai (in the adapted Power Rangers series starting with Ninja Storm, the credits list Saburo Hatte. Before this, the credits listed "Original Concepts by Saburo Yatsude") and Metal Hero Series as well as for Spider-Man, Choukou Senshi Changéríon, Video Warrior Laserion, Chōdenji Robo Combattler V, Chōdenji Machine Voltes V, Tōshō Daimos, Daltanius, Space Emperor God Sigma, Beast King GoLion, Kikou Kantai Dairugger XV and Laserion. The name is also used as a contributor to the soundtracks for the series.
In the Unofficial Sentai Akibaranger series, Saburo Hatte is an actual person who is godlike within the fictional reality that the show takes place in. In fact, his hand appears at the end of the first half of the series to cover the camera lens and end the show, later having the second half be made under Malseena's influence while in the hospital in the real world.
In the Doubutsu Sentai Zyuohger spinoff, Super Animal War's third episode, he is portrayed by Jun Hikasa.
On April 3, 2016, an unknown Toei staff member going by Saburo Yatsude was interviewed while wearing a "Giraffe Zyuman" mask in reference to Zyuohger.
- "TOEI GROUP" (in Japanese). toei.co.jp. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "IR NEWS | 支配株主等に関する事項について (Matters concerning the controlling shareholder)" (in Japanese). corp.toei-anim.co.jp. May 18, 2018.
- Osaki, Tad (17 December 2001). "Toei through the ages". Variety (Toei at 50 ed.). p. A2.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 88.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 89.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 241.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 320.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 378.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 242.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 325.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 243.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 166.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 99.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 233.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 244.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 245.
- Galbraith IV 2008, p. 72.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 220.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 182.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 275.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 448.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 449.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 202.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 203.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 247.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 218.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 431.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 373.
- Female Prisoner Scorpion: The Complete Collection (book). Arrow Video. 2016. p. 5. FCD1338/AV060.
- Sharp 2011, p. 120.
- Female Prisoner Scorpion: The Complete Collection (book). Arrow Video. 2016. p. 7. FCD1338/AV060.
- Female Prisoner Scorpion: The Complete Collection (book). Arrow Video. 2016. p. 9. FCD1338/AV060.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 261.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 262.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 285.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 286.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 236.
- Galbraith IV 1996, p. 396.
- Galbraith IV 2008, p. 373.
- Galbraith IV 2008, p. 374.
- Elley, Derek (7 September 2013). "Space Pirate Captain Harlock". Film Business Asia. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
- "125 Years Memory",http://www.125yearsmemory.com. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
- Kiang, Jessica (30 May 2019). "Film Review: 'First Love'". Variety. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
- "'First Love' ('Hatsukoi'): Film Review | Cannes 2019". The Hollywood Reporter. 17 May 2019. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
- "Animal Sentai Zyuohger".
- Galbraith IV, Stuart (1996). The Japanese Filmography: 1900 through 1994. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0032-3.
- Galbraith IV, Stuart (2008). The Toho Studios Story: A History and Complete Filmography. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-1461673743. Retrieved October 29, 2013.
- Sharp, Jasper (2011). Historical Dictionary of Japanese Cinema. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810875418.
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