|Three Tall Women|
|Written by||Edward Albee|
|Characters||A woman in her 90s|
A woman in her 50s
A woman in her 20s
|Date premiered||June 14, 1991|
|Place premiered||Vienna's English Theatre|
- A: A is a 92-year-old woman. She is thin, autocratic, proud, and wealthy, with "encroaching senility".
- B: B is a 52-year-old version of A, to whom she is the hired caretaker. She is markedly cynical about life. Although she does not enjoy working for A, she learns much from her.
- C: C is a 26-year-old version of B. She is a lawyer, present on behalf of A's law firm, because A has neglected paperwork, payments, and such. She has all of youth's common self-assurance.
- The Boy: The son of the three women, he does not play a speaking role, but is the subject of much discussion among them. A falling-out between the son and his mother(s) is the cause of much of A and B's despair.
The protagonist, a compelling woman more than 90 years old, reflects on her life with a mixture of shame, pleasure, regret, and satisfaction. She recalls the fun of her childhood and her early marriage, when she felt an overwhelming optimism. She also bitterly recalls negative events that caused her regret: her husband’s affairs and death, and the estrangement of her gay son.
The woman’s relationship with her son is the clearest indication that Albee was working through some troubled memories of his own in Three Tall Women. Raised by conservative New England adoptive parents who disapproved of his being gay, he left home at 18, as does the son in this play. Albee admitted to The Economist that the play "was a kind of exorcism. And I didn’t end up any more fond of the woman after I finished it than when I started."
A study guide to the play noted, "Besides exorcising personal demons, Albee regained the respect of New York theater critics with the play. Many of them had despaired that the playwright, who showed such promise during the 1960s and 1970s, had dried up creatively. In fact, Three Tall Women was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1994, as well as the Drama Critics Circle, Lucille Lortel, and Outer Critics Circle awards for best play."
The play opens with the three major characters together in A's bedroom. Throughout the scene, A does most of the talking, frequently reminiscing and telling stories about her life. B humors her, while helping her do everyday things that have become difficult to do alone (sitting down, going to the bathroom, getting into bed). C, while getting a rare word in edgewise about the duties she is there to accomplish, is most often deterred by A's slipping into long-winded storytelling. C often challenges A's contradictory and nonsensical statements, but she is discouraged by B, who is clearly used to A and her habits. Act 1 ends when A, in the middle of one of her stories, has a stroke.
The play picks up with a mannequin of A lying in a bed. A, B, and C are no longer the separate entities of Act 1, but represent A at different times in her life (their ages corresponding to those of A, B, and C in Act 1). Since A, B, and C in this act are all very coherent (unlike the senile A of Act 1), the audience gets a much clearer insight into the woman's past.
At one point, the son comes in to sit by the mannequin. A and B (who are invisible to him) are not happy to see him, because of the rift between them. C (also unseen by the son) is none the wiser, because she is from a period in the woman's life before her marriage. He says nothing throughout, and leaves before the end of the play.
The play ends with A, B, and C debating about the happiest moment in their life. A has the last word, saying, "That's the happiest moment. When it's all done. When we stop. When we can stop."
Three Tall Women had its world premiere at the English Theatre, Vienna, Austria, in June 1991. The play was directed by Albee, with a cast that included Myra Carter as the Old Woman, Kathleen Butler as the Middle-Aged Woman, Cynthia Bassham as the Young Woman, and Howard Nightingall as the Boy.
The play opened off-Broadway at the Vineyard Theatre on January 27, 1994, and closed on March 13, 1994. Directed by Lawrence Sacharow, the cast featured Jordan Baker (as C), Myra Carter (as A), Michael Rhodes (as the Boy), and Marian Seldes (as B). The production moved to the Promenade Theatre on April 13, 1994, where it ran to August 26, 1995. During the run, Seldes assumed the role of A, with Joan Van Ark and Frances Conroy assuming the role of B.
The play premiered in the West End at the Wyndham's Theatre in October 1994, directed by Anthony Page and featuring Maggie Smith (Elder Tall Woman), Frances de la Tour (Middle Tall Woman), Anastasia Hille (Younger Tall Woman), and John Ireland (the Boy).
The play opened in Washington, DC, at the Kennedy Center's Eisenhower Theater on November 9, 1995. Directed by Lawrence Sacharow, the production starred Marian Seldes as A, Michael Learned as B, Christina Rouner as C, and Michael Rhodes as the Boy.
Translated as Tres mujeres altas, the play premiered in Madrid ) at the Teatro Lara in September 1995. It was directed by Jaime Chávarri and adapted by Vicente Molina Foix. The cast featured María Jesús Valdés (A), Magüi Mira (B), and Sílvia Marsó (C).
Awards and nominations
1994 off-Broadway production
|1994||Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Actress in a Play||Myra Carter||Won|
|Drama Critics Circle Award||Best Play||Won|
|Lucille Lortel Award||Outstanding Play||Won|
|Best Actress||Myra Carter||Won|
|Outer Critics Circle Award||Best off-Broadway Play||Won|
|Best Actress||Myra Carter||Won|
|Pulitzer Prize for Drama||Won|
|Obie Award||Distinguished Performance by an Actor||Myra Carter||Won|
1994 West End production
|1994||Evening Standard Award||Best Play||Won|
|Best Actress||Maggie Smith||Won|
2018 Broadway production
- Gussow, Mel 1999). Edward Albee: A Singular Journey. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 353. ISBN 0-684-80278-3.
- Brantley, Ben. "Review/Theater: 'Three Tall Women'; Edward Albee Conjures Up Three Ages of Woman" The New York Times, February 14, 1994
- Albee, Edward. Three Tall Women dramatists.com, retrieved March 30, 2018
- Gale, Cengage Learning. A Study Guide for Edward Albee's "Three Tall Women", "Drama for Students", Introduction, Gale, Cengage Learning , 2016, ISBN 1410360512
- Wise, Michael Z. "Viennese Not Waltzing Over Albee's 'Three Tall Women' : Stage: The disaffected American playwright is premiering his latest work far from home because Broadway 'is our national disgrace.'" Los Angeles Times, June 27, 1991
- Albee, Edward. "Script", Edward Albee's Three Tall Women, Dramatists Play Service, Inc., 1994, ISBN 0822214202, p. 3
- "'Three Tall Women' Vineyard" lortel.org, accessed November 6, 2015
- "'Three Tall Women' Promenade" lortel.org, accessed November 6, 2015
- "'Three Tall Women' 1994" theatricalia.com, accessed November 6, 2015
- Taylor, Paul. "REVIEW:Theatre Three Tall Women Wyndham's Theatre, London" The Independent, October 22, 2011
- Cox, Gordon (May 19, 2017). "Glenda Jackson to Return to Broadway in 'Three Tall Women'". Variety. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Hetrick, Adam. "Glenda Jackson, Laurie Metcalf, and Alison Pill Open Broadway Premiere of Edward Albee’s 'Three Tall Women'" Playbill, March 29, 2018
- McHenry, Jackson. "Triple Whammy: Glenda Jackson, Laurie Metcalf, and Alison Pill Unite for 'Three Tall Women'" vulture.com (New York Magazine), March 5, 2018
- "Pulitzer Prize for Drama" pulitzer.org, accessed November 6, 2015
- Evening Standard Awards Archived 2012-05-04 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 8 October 2009
- "Albee's 'Tall Women' Wins Award in London" New York Times, November 28, 1994
- McPhee, Ryan. "Glenda Jackson, 'Harry Potter and the Cursed Child' Among 2018 Drama League Award Winners"playbill.com, May 18, 2018
- McPhee, Ryan. " 'Harry Potter and the Cursed Child', 'My Fair Lady' Win Big at 2018 Outer Critics Circle Awards" Playbill, May 7, 2018
- Three Tall Women at the Internet Off-Broadway Database (Vineyard Theatre listing)
- Three Tall Women at the Internet Off-Broadway Database (Promenade Theatre listing)
- Internet Broadway Database