|Original title||Il giorno della civetta|
|Translator||Archibald Colquhoun and Arthur Oliver|
|Language||Italian with some Sicilian|
Published in English
|Pages||136 pp (English edition, softcover)|
|Preceded by||Sicilian Uncles|
|Followed by||The Council of Egypt|
As the author wrote in his preface of the 1972 Italian edition, the novel was written at a time in which the existence of the Mafia itself was debated and often denied. Its publishing led to widespread debate and to renewed awareness of the phenomenon.
Sciascia used this story as refutation against the Mafia and the corruption, apparent to his eyes, that led all the way to Rome.
In a small Sicilian town, early on a Saturday morning, a bus is about to leave the small piazza to head to the marketplace in the next town nearby. A gunshot is heard and the figure running for the bus is shot twice in the back, with what is discovered as a lupara (a sawn-off rifle that Sicilian Mafia clans use for their killings). The passengers and bus driver deny having seen the murderer.
A Carabinieri captain and former Civil War partisan from Parma, Bellodi, gets on the case, ruffling feathers in his contemporaries and colleagues alike. Soon he discovers a link that does not stop in Sicily, but goes onwards towards Rome and Minister Mancuso and Senator Livigno, to whom, he discovers, most suspects (including the local boss Don Mariano Arena) are linked.
It seems that the man shot, Salvatore Colasberna, was the owner of a small construction company. He had been warned that he should pay the pizzo and take "protection" from mafiosi, but he refused. Although his company was only a very small one, the local Mafia decides to make an example of him and has him killed.
Using faintly corrupt methods, Bellodi has one man (Diego "Zecchinetta" Marchica) arrested and uses the names given by an informer (Calogero Dibella, known as "Parrinieddu"), who is killed in retaliation, to arrest another (Rosario Pizzuco), who has money stashed away in many bank accounts that add up to more than his fallow fields would ever bring. He is attempting to take down an organization with many members involved in the police and government, and whose mere existence many Sicilians deny. He deliberately ignores the crime passionnel lead, which is often a handy excuse for Mafia killings.
The death of eyewitness Paolo Nicolosi leads to the collapse of the case against all three, which sees Bellodi taken off the case. The novel ends with Bellodi recounting his time in Sicily to his friends in Parma—who think that it all sounds very romantic—and thinking that he would return to Sicily even if it killed him.
The novel was adapted into the film of the same name in 1968 by Damiano Damiani, starring Franco Nero as Captain Bellodi and Claudia Cardinale as Rosa Nicolosi. The film does take some liberties when compared to the novel, but overall maintains the same message.