|The Birth of a Race|
|Produced by||Emmett Jay Scott|
|Music by||Joseph Carl Breil|
|Cinematography||Herbert Oswald Carleton|
|Distributed by||Gardiner Syndicate|
|Language||Silent (English intertitles)|
The Birth of a Race is a 1918 American silent drama film directed by John W. Noble. It was made as a response to the 1915 film The Birth of a Nation, and was meant to discredit the negative stereotypes perpetuated by the film. Initially, it was intended to be a short answer film that could be appended to The Birth of a Nation in 1915 but a combination of weak financial backing and growing ambitions delayed its completion for more than two years.
When finally released in December 1918, following the end of World War I, The Birth of a Race was a two-hour feature-length film, portraying the achievements of black people through history. It premiered in Chicago in December, 1918, to great ballyhoo but was a commercial and critical failure.
Following the "Birth of the Human Race" section, the film had epic scenes of Ancient Egypt with Nubian soldiers and the rescue of infant Moses in the river. A later scene portrayed Simon of Cyrene helping Jesus carry his cross on the Via Dolorosa and the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
The film then shifted to World War I, with two white brothers in a German-American family going to war on the Western Front, one ("George") fighting for the United States, and the other ("Oscar") fighting for Germany. George is wounded, and at the hospital defends it from a German attack, killing Oscar in the process. George is sent home to America, where he rescues his wife from a German spy.
Cast (in credits order)
- Louis Dean as The Kaiser
- Harry Dumont as The Crown Prince
- Carter B. Harkness as Adam
- Doris Doscher as Eve
- Charles Graham as Noah
- Ben Hendricks, Sr. as Fritz Schmidt (credited as Ben Hendricks)
- Alice Gale as Frau Schmidt
- John Reinhardt as Pat O'Brien
- Mary Carr as Mrs. O'Brien (credited as Mary K. Carr)
- Jane Grey as Jane O'Brien
- Edward Elkas as Herr Von H.
- Anna Lehr
- Philip Van Loan
- George LeGuere (credited as George Le Guere)
- Warren Chandler
- Anita Cortez
- Edwin Boring
- Dick Lee
- David Wall
- Belle Seacombe
Principal filming took place in Chicago and Tampa, Florida. Several outdoor scenes were filmed in Tampa in January, 1918, including ancient Egypt and the rescue of the infant Moses from a river and Simon of Cyrene helping Jesus carry his cross on the Via Dolorosa.
Critics complained that the screenplay was muddled about two white brothers fighting on opposite sides in WWI. Birth of a Race also suffered at the box office due to its release just weeks after the end of World War I; audiences were no longer interested in seeing a war film.
- Hal Erickson (2012). "The Birth of a Race". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02.
- "The AFI Catalog of Feature Films: The Birth of a Race". AFI. Archived from the original on 2014-03-29.
- "The Birth of a Race". silentera.com.
- Guzzo, Paul (November 16, 2018). "The would-be blockbuster shot in Tampa was supposed to combat racism. That was a century ago". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- Watkins, Mel, On the Real Side: A History of African American Comedy, Lawrence Hill Books, 1999, pg. 340
- "The Birth of a Race". The Library of Congress American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog.
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