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|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Thai League 2|
|Domestic cup(s)||Thai FA Cup|
|League cup(s)||Thai League Cup|
|International cup(s)||AFC Champions League|
ASEAN Club Championship
|Current champions||BG Pathum United (1st title) |
|Most championships||Buriram United (7th title)|
|TV partners||YouTube (Worldwide)|
Genflix (Indonesia, pay-streaming)
The Thai League 1 (Thai: ไทยลีก 1), often referred to as T1, is the top level of the Thai football league system. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Thai League 2. Seasons run from February to October, with each team playing 30 games (playing all 15 other teams both home and away). It is sponsored by Toyota and therefore officially known as the Toyota Thai League. In the Thai League, most of the games are played during Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played on Wednesdays and Fridays.
Thailand has had league-football competition since 1916. Before the inception of the Thai League, the highest level of club football was the semi-professional league Kor Royal Cup (Thai: ถ้วย ก.) which was contested in a tournament format from 1916 to 1995.
Thai League was introduced in 1996 by the Football Association of Thailand (FAT) under the name Thailand Soccer League. Eighteen clubs who earlier competed for the Kor Royal Cup were registered to play in the first edition of a double round-robin league system. Thai Farmers Bank was crowned as the first champion of the 1996–97 Thailand Soccer League.
The Thai League originally had 10 to 12 clubs each season until 2007, when it was expanded to 16 clubs. At the end of each season, the three bottom placed clubs are relegated to the Thai Division 1 League.
Leagues integration (2007)
Most of Thai League clubs in that time were the organisation of government authorities club that based in Greater Bangkok and Metropolitan. Meanwhile, the other local clubs had competed in the semi-pro league called the Provincial League. Thai Premier League faced the issue of low attendance and lack of local loyalties while the Provincial league suffered the financial issue. In 2007, Thai League was integrated with Provincial League completely. Chonburi from the Provincial League was the first champion of the new Thailand Premier League in 2007 season.
Modern era (2009)
In 2009 season, there were significant changes in the lead to the new era of the Thai Premier League. Asian Football Confederation declared the regulations for the associations that have the intention to send the clubs to compete in AFC Champions League starting from 2011. Football Association of Thailand had to establish Thai Premier League co.ltd and forced the clubs in the top league to complete AFC Club License Criteria otherwise Thai clubs will not eligible to play in the Champions League. Clubs were forced to separate themselves from the parent organisations and registered as the independent football authorities.
The massive changes occurred in that season. Thailand Premier League renamed to Thai Premier League. Two times league champion Krung Thai Bank failed to complete the new regulations. The organisation decided to sell the club. The club was acquired by Boon Rawd and rebranded to be Bangkok Glass. Bangkok University had expelled their football club section. The club rebrand itself to Bangkok United since then. The organisation-based clubs had to relocate to find the local supporters to backup the clubs. Osotspa changed their home stadium to Saraburi Province, TOT moved to play in Kanchanaburi, Royal Navy played in Rayong Province while Thailand Tobacco Monopoly integrated to Samut Sakhon Province and rebranded to TTM Samut Sakhon.
Thailand Clasico or The Classic Match of Thailand is the matchup between Muangthong United and Chonburi. It is the matchup that presents Thai football in the modern era. The name was given to the encounter of two teams due to the hype and massive atmosphere around the match. The first encounter between them happened in the 2009 Thai Premier League season. On 30 May 2009, Chonburi that was regarded as the best club in Thailand at that moment hosted the new powerhouse who were just promoted from Division 1 Muangthong United. The match was played at Nong Prue Stadium, Pattaya. Before the match, Chonburi was the leader in the table after 10 matches of the season while Muangthong followed in second with one less point. Chonburi made the lead by 2–0 in the first thirty minutes but Muangthong bounced back to win by the 5–2 result at the end. The match was full of the exciting and dramatic moments. Then, it was considered as one of the most classic matches in Thai League history. The Muangthong versus Chonburi matchup was dubbed as "Thailand Clasico" ever since then.
The first invincible
In 2012 season, Muangthong United under Serbian head coach Slaviša Jokanović, had become the first club in the league history that completed the season with an unbeaten record. Muangthong finished at the top of the final standing with 25 wins and 9 draws.
The Buriram Dominance refers to the 2013 to 2015 season, which Buriram United won Thai Premier League in three consecutive seasons as the first club in the league history. The three titles in that period included two invincible titles which Buriram United completed Thai Premier League campaign unbeaten in 2013 and 2015 season.
In 2017, Football Association of Thailand decided to rebrand Thai Premier League into Thai League 1. Since its inception in 1996 the Thai Premier League has relied upon local sponsorship. Re-branding initiatives seek to foster an international identity for the Thai and elevate the league globally through commitment to world class level management and marketing which incorporates multifaceted promotion through various media in order to draw attention to league competition and cups. This rebranding earned the Good Design Award in the Brand Identity branch from the Japan Institute of Design Promotion.
Wins by club
|Buriram United||2008, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018|
|Muangthong United||2009, 2010, 2012, 2016|
|Air Force Central||1997, 1999|
|Police Tero||2000, 2001–02|
|Krung Thai Bank||2002–03, 2003–04|
|BG Pathum United||2020–21|
Sukhothai, Trat and Rayong were relegated at the end of the 2020–21 season after finishing in the bottom three places of the table. They were replaced by 2020-21 Thai League 2 champions Nongbua Pitchaya. They were joined by runners-up Chiangmai United, who also got promoted for the first time, and Khon Kaen United, promotion playoff winner which was first held in 2020-21 season.
Stadiums and location (2021–22)
- Note: Table lists in alphabetical order.
|Bangkok United||Pathum Thani||Thammasat Stadium||19,375|
|BG Pathum United||Pathum Thani||Leo Stadium||10,114|
|Buriram United||Buriram||Chang Arena||32,600|
|Chiangrai United||Chiangrai||Singha Stadium||13,000|
|Chiangmai United||Chiang Mai||700th Anniversary Stadium||25,000|
|Khonkaen United||Khon Kaen||Khonkaen PAO. Stadium||7,000|
|Muangthong United||Nonthaburi||SCG Stadium||12,505|
|Nakhon Ratchasima||Nakhon Ratchasima||80th Birthday Stadium||24,641|
|Nongbua Pitchaya||Nongbua Lamphu||Pitchaya Stadium||6,000|
|Police Tero||Bangkok||Boonyachinda Stadium||3,550|
|PT Prachuap||Prachuap Khiri Khan||Sam Ao Stadium||5,000|
|Ratchaburi Mitr Phol||Ratchaburi||Mitr Phol Stadium||10,000|
|Samut Prakan City||Samut Prakan||Samut Prakarn SAT Stadium||5,130|
|Suphanburi||Suphanburi||Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium||15,279|
|Bangkok United||BG Pathum United||Buriram United||Chiangmai United||Chiangrai United||Chonburi|
|Thammasat Stadium||Leo Stadium||Chang Arena||700th Anniversary Stadium||Singha Stadium||Chonburi Stadium|
|Capacity: 25,000||Capacity: 16,014||Capacity: 32,600||Capacity: 25,000||Capacity: 11,354||Capacity: 8,680|
|Khon Kaen United||Muangthong United||Nakhon Ratchasima||Nongbua Pitchaya||Police Tero||Port|
|Khonkaen PAO. Stadium||SCG Stadium||80th Birthday Stadium||Pitchaya Stadium||Boonyachinda Stadium||PAT Stadium|
|Capacity: 7,000||Capacity: 15,000||Capacity: 24,641||Capacity: 6,000||Capacity: 3,550||Capacity: 12,000|
|PT Prachuap||Ratchaburi Mitr Phol||Samut Prakan City||Suphanburi|
|Sam Ao Stadium||Mitr Phol Stadium||Samut Prakarn SAT Stadium||Suphan Buri Provincial Stadium|
|Capacity: 2,700||Capacity: 10,000||Capacity: 5,100||Capacity: 15,000|
All-time top scorers
- As of 10 March 2021
|1||Cleiton Silva||2010–2014, 2015–2017, 2018–2019||141||193|
|3||Teerasil Dangda||2009–2014, 2015–2017, 2019, 2021–||117||270|
|8||Sarayuth Chaikamdee||2001–2004, 2007–2012, 2013–2014||101||233|
Figures for active players (in bold).
- As of 1 January 2019
Figures for active players (in bold) .
- Youngest player: Suphanat Mueanta (Buriram United) – 15 years, 8 months and 22 days (25 April 2018, Buriram United 2–1 Nakhon Ratchasima, 2018 Thai League 1)
- Oldest player: Somchai Subpherm (TOT) – 51 years, 7 months and 25 days (3 November 2013, Buriram United 2–1 TOT, 2013 Thai Premier League)
- Youngest scorer: Suphanat Mueanta (Buriram United) – 15 years, 9 months and 25 days (26 May 2018, Buriram United 5–0 Air Force Central, 2018 Thai League 1)
- Oldest scorer: Therdsak Chaiman (Chonburi) – 40 years, 8 months and 24 days (2 June 2014, TOT 1–1 Chonburi, 2014 Thai Premier League)
- Fastest scorer: Nirut Kamsawad (Port Authority) – 9 seconds (2001–02 Thai League)
- Most consecutive matches scored: 10 games – Diogo Luís Santo (Buriram United) (24 September 2017 – 2 March 2018, 2018 Thai League 1)
- Most consecutive unconceded matches: 6 games
- All time most clean sheets: 815 minutes – Siwarak Tedsungnoen
- Most goals in a season: 38 goals – Dragan Bošković (Bangkok United, 2017)
- Most assists in a season: 19 assists – Theerathon Bunmathan (Buriram United, 2015)
- Most titles won: 7 times – Jakkaphan Kaewprom
- Most seasons appeared: 19 seasons – Amnaj Kaewkiew (1996–2014)
- All-time record for highest football transfer fee Thai players: 50 million baht – Tanaboon Kesarat (2017)
- Champion: 10,000,000 Baht
- Runner-up: 2,000,000
- Third place: 1,500,000
- Fourth place: 800,000
- 2011 – 2016 trophy: In 2010, Football Association of Thailand and Thai Premier League Co. Ltd considered to improve the image of Thai Premier League Trophy. The trophy itself was designed by Glue Creative from England and produced by British Silverware of Sheffield. The trophy was crafted by silver with the European style of a crown. Three divas are holding up the trophy and three golden elephants are standing on the base. The trophy is 75 cm tall and weighs more than 30 kg. The production used 250-man hours of work and the finished trophy worth 2 million baht.
- 2017 – current trophy: In 2017, Football Association of Thailand order the trophy produced from England that was created by Royal Jewellers Asprey of London to be new champions trophy. The trophy reflecting Thai identity by the use of Kranok pattern mixed with modern pattern and sculpt it pieces by piece.
Player of the Year
Young Player of the Year
Coach of the Year
Competition format and sponsorship
There are 18 clubs in the Thai League. During the course of a season, which lasts from February to October, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 34 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then head-to-head, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the head-to-head, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. The three lowest placed teams are relegated into the Thai League 2 and the top three teams from the Thai League 2 are promoted in their place.
Qualification for Asian competitions
In the past the champions will play in AFC Champions League playoffs and AFC Cup for the champions of Thai FA Cup. Due to reforms from the AFC for the AFC Champions League and AFC Cup format, there will be no more a direct qualification spot for the AFC Champions League for that Thai Champion, for the time being. From 2012 Thai clubs has 1 automatic spot to the group stage and 1 playoff spot for the Thai FA Cup Winners and 1 playoff spot for the thai league runner-up.
As of 20 October 2018
|Ranking||Member Association||Total Points||FIFA Points||Club Points||2018||2017||2016||2015|
|4||1||-3||United Arab Emirates||85.275||405||5.571||62.450||79.704||8.100||11.350||18.000||25.000|
Thai League All-Star Exhibition game
The Thai League has been sponsored since 1996 until 2003 and has been sponsored again since 2010. The sponsor has been able to determine the league's sponsorship name. The list below details who the sponsors have been and what they called the competition:
- 1996–1997: Johnnie Walker (Johnnie Walker Thailand Soccer League)
- 1998–2000: Caltex (Caltex Premier League)
- 2001–2003: Advanced Info Service (GSM Thai League)
- 2003–2005: None (Thai League)
- 2006–2008: None (Thailand Premier League)
- 2009: None (Thai Premier League)
- 2010–2012: Sponsor (Sponsor Thai Premier League)
- 2013–present: Toyota (Toyota Thai Premier League in 2013–2015, Toyota Thai League in 2016–present )
Like the reserve league, the youth league is open to all the youth teams of all professional clubs in Thailand.
- Domestic tournaments
- Chang FA Cup (1975–2001, 2009–present)
- Thailand Champions Cup (as Kor Royal Cup 1996–2016) (2017–present)
- Toyota League Cup (1987–1994, 2010–present)
- International tournaments
- AFC Champions League (1967–1971, 1985–present)
- AFC Cup (2007, 2009–2012)
- ASEAN Club Championship (2003–2005, 2020–present)
- Defunct tournaments
- Kor Royal Cup (1916–2016)
- Khǒr Royal Cup (1916–2015)
- Khor Royal Cup (1962–2015)
- Ngor Royal Cup (1962–2015)
- Toyota Premier Cup (2011–2017)
- Mekong Club Championship (2015–2017)
Asia Football / Soccer Clubs Ranking
- As of 22 November 2020.
|50||1407||BG Pathum United|
|94||1346||Ratchaburi Mitr Phol|
- Football records in Thailand
- List of Thai League 1 players
- List of Thai League 1 managers
- List of foreign Thai League 1 players
- List of foreign Thai League 1 managers
- Thai Premier League 1996 summary Archived 30 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- ACL Criteria for 2011
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) AFC Club License Criterea
- รีแบรนด์ไทยลีก : การปรับภาพลักษณ์ครั้งใหญ่ที่ฉีกทุกภาพจำของฟุตบอลไทยลีก
- OFFICIAL : ส.บอล รีแบรนด์ไทยลีกเผยโฉมโลโกใหม่-แบ่งเป็น 5 ลีก
- 'ตราสัญลักษณ์ไทยลีก' คว้ารางวัลออกแบบยอดเยี่ยมของญี่ปุ่น
- รายที่ 8! "อัสซัมเซา"จารึกประวัติศาสตร์ ยิงครบ 100 ประตูในไทยลีก
- "OFFICIAL : จากช่างระดับโลก! ส.บอลเปิดตัว 5 ถ้วยแชมป์ไทยลีก,เอฟเอ คัพ".
- AFC PRO-LEAGUE AD-HOC COMMITTEE ASSESSMENT CHARTS
- "AFC Club Competitions Ranking". Asian Football Confederation.
- "AFC CLUB COMPETITIONS RANKING". the-afc.com.
- FA Thailand – The Association and Plan B announce the selection results for the soccer ball production licensee.
- "AFC Football / Soccer Clubs Ranking".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thailand Premier League.|
- Official Website Archived 9 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine(in Thai and English)
- Official Website Archived 7 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine
- Football Association of Thailand (in Thai)
- Thai League Football
- The Football History Association of Thailand (in Thai)
- Thai League FIFA
- Thai League
- Thai League.com
- RSSSF.com – Thailand – List of Champions