|Texas's 13th congressional district|
Texas's 13th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Texas that includes most of the Texas Panhandle, parts of Texoma and northeastern parts of North Texas. The principal cities in the district are Amarillo, Gainesville and Wichita Falls. It winds across the Panhandle into the South Plains, then runs east across the Red River Valley. Covering over 40,000 square miles (100,000 km2), it is the 19th-largest district by area in the nation, the 14th-largest that does not cover an entire state, as well as the second-largest in Texas behind the 23rd congressional district. It covers more land mass than thirteen entire states.
The district has been represented in the United States House of Representatives by Republican Ronny Jackson since 2021, and previously by Republican Mac Thornberry, from 1995 until his decision not run for reelection in 2020. As late as 1976, Jimmy Carter won 33 of the 44 counties in the district, getting 60% to 70% of the vote in many of them. While voters in the Panhandle began splitting their tickets as early as the 1940s, Democrats continued to hold most local offices, as well as most of the area's seats in the state legislature, well into the 1990s.
Since Thornberry's ouster of three-term Democrat Bill Sarpalius in 1994, however, a Democrat has only crossed the 30 percent mark in 1996, 1998 and 2000. Republicans now dominate at nearly every level of government, and there are almost no elected Democrats left above the county level. In 2012, it gave Barack Obama his lowest percentage of the vote in a congressional district. He received 18.5% of the vote. In 2016, it was Hillary Clinton's second largest margin of defeat in a congressional district after Alabama's 4th congressional district. She received an even lower percentage than President Obama four years prior, gathering 16.9% of the vote compared to Donald Trump's 79.9%.
Election results from presidential races
|2000||President||Bush 68% – 31%|
|2004||President||Bush 78% – 22%|
|2008||President||McCain 77% – 22%|
|2012||President||Romney 80% – 19%|
|2016||President||Trump 80% – 17%|
|2020||President||Trump 79% – 19%|
List of members representing the district
Often in recent years, the incumbent has either run unopposed or has only a third/fourth party candidate who is opposing them. Generally, the incumbent gets over 70% of the vote, even during years with huge opposition party pickups.
|Democratic||Bill Sarpalius (incumbent)||63,923||44.58|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||116,098||66.87|
|Democratic||Samuel Brown Silverman||56,066||32.29|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||81,141||67.92|
|Libertarian||Georganne Baker Payne||1,298||1.09|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||117,995||67.63|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||119,401||79.27|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||189,448||92.31|
|Libertarian||John Robert Deek||15,793||7.69|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||108,107||74.35|
|Democratic||Roger J. Waun||33,460||23.01|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||180,078||77.65|
|Democratic||Roger James Waun||51,841||22.35|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||113,201||87.05|
|Libertarian||John T. Burwell Jr.||5,650||4.34|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||187,775||90.98|
|Libertarian||John Robert Deek||12,701||6.15|
|Green||Keith F. Houston||5,912||2.86|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||110,842||84.3|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||199,050||90.0|
|Green||H.F. "Rusty" Tomlinson||7,467||3.4|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (incumbent)||168,090||81.6|
|Libertarian||Jack B. Westbrook||5,907||2.1|
Historical district boundaries
- Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "NationalJournal - Log In". www.nationaljournal.com.
- Gilman, Todd J. (September 30, 2019). "Rep. Mac Thornberry becomes 6th Texas Republican in House to announce retirement ahead of 2020 election". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- "Office of the Secretary of State, Race Summary Report, 2016 General Election". elections.sos.state.tx.us.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.