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Microsoft Servers (previously called Windows Server System) is a brand that encompasses Microsoft's server products. This includes the Windows Server editions of the Microsoft Windows operating system itself, as well as products targeted at the wider business market. Unlike Microsoft Dynamics or Microsoft Office product lines, most of the products sold under this brand are not intended to be line-of-business services in and of themselves.
The Microsoft Servers line of software and technology includes:
Initially, Microsoft server operating systems were editions of Windows NT family. Starting in 2003, a Windows Server subfamily was formed that encompasses server operating system versions independent of the client versions of Windows.
Server operating systems of Microsoft include:
- Windows NT 3.1 Advanced Server edition
- Windows NT 3.5 Server edition
- Windows NT 3.51 Server edition
- Windows NT 4.0 (Server, Server Enterprise, and Terminal Server editions)
- Windows 2000
- Windows Server 2003
- Windows Server 2003 R2
- Windows Server 2008
- Windows Server 2008 R2
- Windows Server 2012
- Windows Server 2012 R2
- Windows Server 2016
- Windows Server 2019
Operating system offerings
The following are special offerings consisting of one of the operating systems above:
- Windows Server Essentials (initially Windows Small Business Server)
- BizTalk Server – Business process design and integration tools
- Internet Information Services (IIS) – Web server, FTP server and basic email server
- Exchange Server – E-mail and collaboration server
- Host Integration Server – Data and management connector between Windows environments and mainframe systems such as AS/400, formerly known as Microsoft SNA Server
- Project Server – Project management and resource allocation services; works as the server component to Microsoft Project
- SharePoint Server – Produces sites intended for collaboration, file sharing, web databases, social networking and web publishing.
- Skype for Business Server – Instant messaging and presence server, integration with telephone PBX systems. Integrates with Skype for Business.
- SQL Server – Relational Database Management and business intelligence server
- Microsoft Hyper-V Server
Microsoft System Center
- System Center Advisor – Software-as-a-service offering that helps change or assess the configuration of Microsoft Servers software over the Internet
- System Center App Controller - Unified management for public and private clouds, including cloud-based virtual machines and services
- Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager – Configuration management, hardware/software asset management, patch deployment tools for Windows desktops (previously Systems Management Server); includes Software Center.
- System Center Data Protection Manager – Continuous data protection and data recovery
- System Center Endpoint Protection - Anti-malware and security tools for Microsoft products
- System Center Essentials – Combined features of Operations Manager and Windows Software Update Service (WSUS), aimed at small- and medium-sized businesses
- System Center Orchestrator (formerly Opalis) - An automation platform for orchestrating and integrating administrative tools to decrease the cost of datacenter operations while improving the reliability of IT processes. It enables organizations to automate best practices, such as those found in Microsoft Operations Framework (MOF) and ITIL. Orchestrator operates through workflow processes that coordinate System Center and other management tools to automate incident response, change and compliance, and service-lifecycle management processes.
- System Center Operations Manager – Services and application monitoring
- System Center Service Manager – Ties in with SCOM, SCCM for asset tracking as well as incident, problem, change and configuration management (code name: Service Desk)
- System Center Virtual Machine Manager – Virtual-machine management and datacenter virtualization
Discontinued server products
- Microsoft Application Center – Deployment of web applications across multiple servers. Some of its capabilities are now in System Center.
- Microsoft BackOffice Server
- Commerce Server – E-Commerce portal
- Content Management Server – Web site content management and publishing. Merged into Microsoft SharePoint Server.
- Forefront – Comprehensive line of business security products
- Forms Server – Server-based electronic forms
- Groove Server – Collaboration server; works in conjunction with Microsoft SharePoint Workspace
- Microsoft Merchant Server - replaced by Microsoft Site Server
- PerformancePoint Server – Business performance management server
- Project Portfolio Server
- Microsoft Proxy Server – replaced by Microsoft Forefront Threat Management Gateway (also known as ISA Server)
- Search Server
- Microsoft Site Server – replaced by Microsoft Commerce Server
- Microsoft SNA Server – replaced by Microsoft Host Integration Server
- Speech Server – Speech applications for automated telephone systems, including voice recognition
- Services for UNIX – SFU for Windows XP Pro and Windows Server 2003 only
- System Center Capacity Planner – Provides purchasing and best-practice capacity planning guidance
- Virtual Server – Platform virtualization of operating systems
- Windows Home Server 2011
- Windows MultiPoint Server
- "Overview of Microsoft SNA Server". Microsoft TechNet. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "What Is SNA Server?". MSDN. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
Morimoto, Rand (2012). Yardeni, Guy (ed.). Microsoft System Center 2012 Unleashed. Unleashed Series. Sams Publishing. p. 5. ISBN 9780672336126. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
System Center [...] is a series of tools that help administrators manage their servers, client systems, and applications (whether on-premises or in the cloud) [...].
Rachui, Steve; Agerlund, Kent; Martinez, Santos; Daalmans, Peter (2012). Mastering System Center 2012 Configuration Manager. ITPro collection. John Wiley & Sons. p. 356. ISBN 9781118238400. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
New in Configuration Manager 2012 is the Software Center, which is part of the Configuration Manager 2012 client. With the Software Center users can install or request software [...]
- "System Center Opalis website".
- "Familiarization with uses of a Windows VPS". Winity.io. Retrieved 13 October 2015.