This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)
|Sire||Desert Sun (GB)|
|Grandsire||Green Desert (USA)|
|Damsire||Western Symphony (USA)|
|Foaled||29 September 1995|
|Died||1 May 2009(aged 13)|
|Breeder||Susan Archer and Michael Martin|
|Owner||Trevor McKee, Thayne Green, Helen Lusty (post racing: Stephen McKee bought Lusty's shares)|
|Trainer||Trevor McKee, Stephen McKee|
|Flight Stakes (1998)|
W S Cox Plate (1999 & 2000)
Doncaster Handicap (1999 & 2002)
All Aged Stakes (2000 & 2002)
Coolmore Classic (2000 & 2002)
Waikato Sprint (2001 & 2002)
Hong Kong Mile (2000)
Manikato Stakes (2000)
|New Zealand Horse of the Year (1999–2002)|
Australian Middle Distance Champion (2000, 2001)
Australian Horse of the Year (2000, 2001, 2002)
Australian Champion Filly or Mare (2000, 2001, 2002)
Timeform rating: 129 Timeforms World Champion turf mare of 1999. Timeforms World Champion female mare 2000.
|Australian Racing Hall of Fame|
New Zealand Racing Hall of Fame
Sunline Stakes, Moonee Valley Racecourse Sunline Vase, Ellerslie Racecourse, Australian Postage Stamp, Sunline Lounge - Moonee Valley Racecourse, Bronze Statue created in her honour at Ellerlie Racecourse,
|Last updated on 12 April 2020|
Sunline (29 September 1995 – 1 May 2009) was a champion New Zealand-bred Thoroughbred racehorse who was the world's highest earning racemare of her time. She won 32 of her 48 races with earnings of NZ$14,200,000. She was named the New Zealand Horse of the Year four times and Australian Horse of the Year three times. She has won the most Group races in modern times with 27, and she previously held the international record of 13 Group One wins until Melody Belle surpassed her in 2021.
Sunline led in most of her races, and sometimes settled just behind the leader; she was difficult to pass. She loved to win and just kept on winning.
Sunline was foaled at Pleasanton Stud near Cambridge, New Zealand on 29 September 1995. Her sire was the Group Two winning English stallion Desert Sun, a grandson of leading sire Danzig. Her dam was the capable mare Songline by Western Symphony (USA). Sunline came from the same family as Phar Lap, tracing all the way back to his dam, Entreaty, who was Sunline's 8th dam. She is known as one of Phar Lap's greatest descendants. She was a big strong plain bay with no white markings.
In partnership with Thayne Green and Helen Lusty, McKee raced Sunline as two-year-old and she won all three starts.
After a first-up win at three, in August 1998, the McKees took Sunline to Australia for the first of an eventual nine visits. Racing in the second, third, and fourth legs of Sydney's Princess Series, for three-year-old fillies, she "powered through the wet" on her Australian debut in the Furious Stakes, won the Tea Rose Stakes on a dry track two weeks later, and won in the Flight Stakes - her first of 13 Group One wins. Sunline was then spelled, rather than continuing on to the feature races in Melbourne, and never competed with the reigning Horse of the Year, Might And Power.
Sunline resumed in February 1999. She won first up but was narrowly beaten for the first time by Rose O'War, second-up, in Melbourne's Angus Armanasco Stakes, her 9th career start. The race was not run to suit, with a long shot racing away before the home turn, which may have exposed Sunline's lack of fitness on the day, as she was jumping from 1,200 to 1,600 metres. At her next start, Sunline defeated Rose O'War in the Kewney Stakes, and in her first look at the Cox Plate course, defeated the VRC Oaks (and subsequent AJC Oaks) winner Grand Archway by 4+1⁄2 lengths in the Moonee Valley Oaks (2,040 metres).
Sunline then ventured north to Sydney to tackle the Doncaster Handicap (1,600 metres). Despite taking on older horses for the first time, and starting from a wide starting gate, Sunline was sent out one of the shortest-priced favourites in the race's long history, at 10/9 (approximately $2.10). Sunline went straight to the front and never looked back to score by one-and-three-quarter lengths. She became just the fourth filly to win in the modern history of the race.
A fortnight later, Sunline was again a favourite in the Queen Elizabeth Stakes (2,000 metres), and led the field over the rise (near the top of the straight), then faded to finished second-last of the six runners. She was then sent home to New Zealand for a spell.
1999/2000: Four-Year-Old Season
Unlike many three-year-old champions, Sunline made the transition to weight-for-age racing as four-year-old. First up, she scored a win over the multiple Group One winner Tie the Knot in the Warwick Stakes and was installed ante-post favourite for the $3 million WS Cox Plate at Moonee Valley. At her next two starts, Stephen and Trevor McKee then tried to get the mare settle in her races, but she was narrowly defeated in the Theo Marks Quality (by Adam) and the George Main Stakes (by Shogun Lodge). Her final lead-up to the Cox Plate was a close fourth under 56.5 kilograms (8 st 11 lb) in the Epsom Handicap.
Speculation in the media that Sunline would be vulnerable in the Cox Plate - in open company over 2,040 metres - proved unfounded. Leading before the home turn, Sunline held off a late challenge from Tie the Knot, with Caulfield Cup winner Sky Heights in third place. Sunline became only the fifth mare to win the race since its inception in 1922 and the second of four mares to win the race since Dane Ripper in 1997 (the others being Makybe Diva in 2005 and Pinker Pinker in 2011).
After a brief let-up, Sunline came back in distance and defeated other mares in the Auckland Breeders' Stakes (1,400 metres), in New Zealand, in preparation for the International Cup (2,000 metres) in Hong Kong. Sunline led, and her jockey, Greg Childs, explained that she travelled well to the home turn, but, in an echo of the autumn's Queen Elizabeth Stakes, tired badly in the home straight and finished seventh. She then returned home to New Zealand for a spell.
Back in Sydney for the autumn of 2000, Sunline powered through the rain-affected going to win the Apollo Stakes (1,400 metres) first-up. In her entire career, she was never beaten over the distance. She then carried the maximum topweight (60 kilograms) to win the first of two Coolmore Classics - at the time, Australia's only Group One race for fillies and mares (three years and over). At her next start, she carried 57.5 kilograms (9 st. 1 lb.) in the Doncaster Handicap and was narrowly defeated by the lightly weighted three-year-old Over. Meeting again a week later, in the All-Aged Stakes, Sunline relished the return to weight for age conditions - accounting for Georgie Boy, with Over in third place, to make it three wins from four starts this campaign.
2000/2001: Five-Year-Old Season
Sunline started her five-year-old campaign in Melbourne, against the sprinters - streaking away in the Manikato Stakes (1,200 metres) at Moonee Valley. She then had wins in the Memsie (1,400 metres) and Feehan Stakes (1,600 metres), but was narrowly beaten by Fairway in the Turnbull Stakes (2,000 metres). A natural frontrunner, like Sunline, Fairway refused to hand up the lead to Sunline, who was forced to chase, and held her at bay down the straight. It was Sunline's third defeat over the distance from as many starts away from Moonee Valley, but it was a great improvement on her previous defeats, especially since Fairway was a multiple Group One winning three-year-old the previous season.
Sunline fans regard her next run as one of her greatest. On the last Saturday of October, Sunline took control in the rain-affected going to win the Cox Plate by seven lengths from Caulfield Cup winner Diatribe, with Referral in third place. Perhaps unsuited in the conditions, fancied runners Tie the Knot (2nd in 1999), Sky Heights (3rd in 1999), and Shogun Lodge (conqueror of Sunline in the George Main Stakes) were beaten a combined margin of more than 100 lengths. In winning, Sunline became the first Australasian horse to pass $6 million in career earnings.
Returning to New Zealand after the Cox Plate, the mare's owners revealed that Sunline had been part of a bidding war from five different countries, including the powerful Godolphin stables in the United Arab Emirates. All bids were rejected, and the mare was prepared for another trip to the rich, pre-Christmas international meeting in Hong Kong. In her final lead-up, Sunline raced away with the Auckland Breeders' Stakes at Pukekohe. In Hong Kong, she led all the way to win the International Mile (1,600 metres), narrowly holding off local icon Fairy King Prawn, with five lengths back to Adam in third place.
While the victory in Hong Kong neither confirmed nor denied the oft-made claim of her fans that Sunline was world's best racemare, her Cox Plate victory saw the Australian and New Zealand Horse of the Year receive an invitation to compete in the world's richest raceday, the Dubai World Cup meeting in the United Arab Emirates.
In early February, Sunline recorded her eighth win in New Zealand when she was too good for seven other Group One winners in the Waikato Sprint. The victory kept alive Sunline's wonderful record in her home country, which at career end would stand at 11 wins from as many starts. Sunline's next step came with a hit-and-run trip to Sydney for the Apollo Stakes at Warwick Farm. For the second year in a row, the race was run on a rain-affected track, and Sunline accounted for Celestial Choir, with Tie the Knot unplaced.
In Dubai, Sunline showed her customary pace to lead the field in the Duty Free (1,800 metres), but her breakaway tactics were not aided by a home straight of 600 metres. Jim And Tonic and Fairy King Prawn loomed up to Sunline with 200 metres to run, and after a tough run, Sunline did well to hold on for third.
She returned to Australia to contest the All Aged Stakes against a sub-standard field on a wet track at Randwick. Starting a hot favourite, Sunline was narrowly defeated by El Mirada and Final Fantasy, and then given time off from racing.
2001/2002: Six-Year-Old Season
Now six-years-old, Sunline returned with a close second to Piavonic in the Manikato Stakes.
She then won the Memsie Stakes for the second year in a row, but was defeated by Northerly in the Feehan Stakes. She rebounded to win the Turnbull Stakes in her fourth start of the season.
Sunline was defeated by Northerly again in the Cox Plate, where a third victory would have equaled the record set by Kingston Town. Just like in the Feehan Stakes, In both races, Sunline led to the home turn, but Northerly surged to the front in the straight. The race featured three controversial protests: Sunline (second) against first (Northerly), and third (Viscount) against first and second. The protests arose from heavy contact between the three horses in the straight, with Northerly on the outside, Sunline closest to the rails, and Viscount in between. All three protests were eventually dismissed on twin grounds that stewards were unable to determine which riders were at fault or satisfy themselves that the interference had affected the result.
Following her spring defeats by Northerly, and approaching the autumn of her six-year-old term, she raced four times in the autumn of 2002 for as many wins - all in Group One races. Each of her nine starts for the season came in races she had also contested in the last two seasons, and returned six wins from nine starts (a winning strike-rate of 67%), compared to eight from 11 in the 2000–2001 season (73%), and six from 11 in the 1999–2000 season (55%).
Sunline opened her campaign with a win by four lengths in Waikato Sprint at Te Rapa (defeating Ethereal, who was out-paced in her first run since the Melbourne Cup). She then won the Coolmore Classic for a second time - again carrying the race's maximum handicap of 60 kilograms - and became the first horse in Australasia to win A$9 million in prize money.
At her next start, she carried the number one saddlecloth to victory in Doncaster Handicap. With 58 kilos, she defeated Shogun Lodge (who also carried 58 kilos) and Defier (who carried 51.5 kilos but was trapped wide). She closed her campaign with a six length victory in the weight-for age All-Aged Stakes. By winning these races, she became the first horse in Australasia to pass the $11 million mark in career earnings and with 13 Group One wins, she was within one of Kingston Town's record of 14 Group One races.
In the spring, Sunline notched her fifth consecutive win when taking the Mudgway Stakes first-up in New Zealand, and returned to Sydney for the George Main Stakes. Sunline led but was run down by Defier and Excellerator. In her next start Sunline led, and, to a huge roar from the crowd, skipped away by more than three lengths at the top of the straight, but Lonhro loomed up strongly close to home to score in race record time, with a margin of six lengths back to the third horse.
The clash may have flattened Sunline and Lonhro, who appeared to race below their best when fourth and sixth, respectively, behind Northerly in the Cox Plate. As planned, Sunline was retired after this, her fourth and final Cox Plate, and her record of two wins, a second, and a fourth is one of the best in the history of the race. She retired with 27 stakes wins, more than any other horse in Australasian history.
|Won||10 May 1998||2yo Hcp Restricted||Paeroa||NA||1100 m||55||P. Johnson||2nd - Speed To Burn|
|Won||30 May 1998||2yo Hcp Restricted||Ellerslie||NA||1200 m||54||P. Johnson||2nd - Light Opera|
|Won||9 July 1998||Breeders Stakes||Ruakaka||LR||1200 m||56.5||P. Johnson||2nd - Life of Riley|
|Won||22 August 1998||3yo Hcp Restricted||Hastings||NA||1200 m||55||P. Johnson||2nd - No Alimony|
|Won||5 September 1998||Furious Stakes||Randwick||G3||1400 m||54||L. Cassidy||2nd - Zaroyale|
|Won||19 September 1998||Tea Rose Stakes||Rosehill||G2||1500 m||55.5||L. Cassidy||2nd - Zola|
|Won||3 October 1998||Flight Stakes||Randwick||G1||1600 m||54||L. Cassidy||2nd - Camerena|
|Won||1 February 1999||3yo Hcp Restricted||Ellerslie||NA||1200 m||62.5||L. Cassidy||2nd - Delphic|
|2nd||20 February 1999||Angus Armanasco Stakes||Caulfield||G3||1600 m||55.5||L. Cassidy||1st - Rose O'War|
|Won||6 March 1999||AV Kewney Stakes||Flemington||G2||1600 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Rose O'War|
|Won||20 March 1999||Moonee Valley Oaks||Moonee Valley||G3||2040 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Grand Archway|
|Won||3 April 1999||Doncaster||Randwick||G1||1600 m||52||L. Cassidy||2nd - Lease|
|5th||17 April 1999||Queen Elizabeth Stakes||Randwick||G1||2000 m||52||L. Cassidy||2nd - Intergaze|
|Won||21 August 1999||Warwick Stakes||Warwick Farm||G2||1400 m||55||L. Cassidy||2nd - Tie The Knot|
|2nd||11 September 1999||Theo Marks Stakes||Rosehill||G2||1300 m||58||L. Cassidy||1st - Adam|
|2nd||25 September 1999||George Main Stakes||Randwick||G1||1600 m||55||L. Cassidy||1st - Shogun Lodge|
|4th||2 October 1999||Epsom Handicap||Randwick||G1||1600 m||56.5||L. Cassidy||1st - Allez Suez|
|Won||23 October 1999||Cox Plate||Moonee Valley||G1||2040 m||54||G. Childs||2nd - Tie The Knot|
|Won||20 November 1999||Breeders Stakes||Pukekohe||G2||1400 m||54.5||G. Childs||2nd - Soap Opera|
|7th||12 December 1999||Hong Kong Cup||Sha Tin||G1||2000 m||56||G. Childs||1st - Jim And Tonic|
|Won||11 March 2000||Apollo Stakes||Warwick Farm||G2||1400 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Adam|
|Won||1 April 2000||Coolmore Classic||Rosehill||G1||1500 m||60||G. Childs||2nd - Beat The Fade|
|2nd||22 April 2000||Doncaster||Randwick||G1||1600 m||57.5||G. Childs||1st - Over|
|Won||29 April 2000||All Aged Stakes||Randwick||G1||1600 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Georgie Boy|
|Won||19 August 2000||Manikato Stakes||Moonee Valley||G1||1200 m||55||G. Childs||2nd - Honour The Name|
|Won||3 September 2000||Memsie Stakes||Caulfield||G2||1400 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Umrum|
|Won||16 September 2000||J F Feehan Stakes||Moonee Valley||G2||1600 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Le Zagaletta|
|2nd||7 October 2000||Turnbull Stakes||Flemington||G2||2000 m||56.5||G. Childs||1st - Fairway|
|Won||28 October 2000||Cox Plate||Moonee Valley||G1||2040 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Diatribe|
|Won||25 November 2000||Breeders Stakes||Pukekohe||G2||1400 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Amnesia|
|Won||17 December 2000||Hong Kong Mile||Sha Tin||G1||1600 m||56||G. Childs||2nd - Fairy King Prawn|
|Won||10 February 2001||Waikato Sprint||Te Rapa||G1||1400 m||56||G. Childs||2nd - Fritz|
|Won||3 March 2001||Apollo Stakes||Warwick Farm||G2||1400 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Celestial Choir|
|3rd||24 March 2001||Dubai Duty Free Stakes||Nad Al Sheba||G2||1777 m||55||G. Childs||1st - Jim And Tonic|
|3rd||21 April 2001||All Aged Stakes||Randwick||G1||1600 m||55.5||G. Childs||1st - El Mirada|
|2nd||18 August 2001||Manikato Stakes||Moonee Valley||G1||1200 m||55||G. Childs||1st - Piavonic|
|Won||1 September 2001||Memsie Stakes||Caulfield||G2||1400 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Piavonic|
|2nd||15 September 2001||J F Feehan Stakes||Moonee Valley||G2||1600 m||55.5||G. Childs||1st - Northerly|
|Won||6 October 2001||Turnbull Stakes||Flemington||G2||2000 m||56.5||G. Childs||2nd - Universal Prince|
|2nd||27 October 2001||Cox Plate||Moonee Valley||G1||2040 m||55.5||G. Childs||1st - Northerly|
|Won||9 February 2002||Waikato Sprint||Te Rapa||G1||1400 m||56||G. Childs||2nd - Honor Bound|
|Won||9 March 2002||Coolmore Classic||Rosehill||G1||1500 m||60||G. Childs||2nd - Gentle Genius|
|Won||30 March 2002||Doncaster||Randwick||G1||1600 m||58||G. Childs||2nd - Shogun Lodge|
|Won||6 April 2002||All Aged Stakes||Randwick||G1||1600 m||55.5||G. Childs||2nd - Cent Home|
|Won||24 August 2002||Mudgway Stakes||Hastings||G2||1400 m||56||G. Childs||2nd - Tit For Taat|
|3rd||28 September 2002||George Main Stakes||Randwick||G1||1600 m||55.5||G. Childs||1st - Defier|
|2nd||12 October 2002||Caulfield Stakes||Caulfield||G1||2000 m||55.5||G. Childs||1st - Lonhro|
|4th||24 October 2002||Cox Plate||Moonee Valley||G1||2040 m||55.5||G. Childs||1st - Northerly|
Sunline went into retirement at the McKee property near Auckland and produced four foals. Two of her progeny won races, Sunstrike (2004 filly, by Rock of Gibraltar) and Sun Ruler (2005 colt, by Zabeel). Sun Ruler and Sunstrike met for the first time in a race on 19 December 2009 at Te Rapa with Sun Ruler defeating his older half-sister, Sunstrike, by a nose.
Sun Ruler now stands at stud in New Zealand).
Sunline also left the unraced Sunalta (2006 filly, by Rock of Gibraltar) and the unplaced Sunsett (2007 filly, by Hussonet).
In 2011, Sunline became a grandmother for the first time, when her 3rd foal and 2nd daughter, Sunalta, produced a bay filly by the Danzig stallion, Librettist. In 2012, Sunalta foaled a chestnut filly by the Zafonic stallion, Iffraaj (GB) and Sunstrike foaled a bay colt by the Street Cry stallion, Per Incanto (USA).
Desert Sun (GB)
|Green Desert (USA)
|Northern Dancer (Can)|
|Pas de Nom (USA)|
|Foreign Courier (USA)
|Sir Ivor (USA)|
|Courtly Dee (USA)|
|Pitter Patter (GB)|
|Western Symphony (USA)
|Northern Dancer (Can)|
|Flaming Page (Can)|
|Cornish Prince (USA)|
|Milan Mill (USA)|
|Honey Carlyle (NZ)
|Better Honey (GB)|
|Nora Crena (NZ) (Family: 2-r)|
- Specific citations
- "Cassidy knows how the rest feel now". nzherald.nz. 30 October 2000. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- Herald Sun: “Sunline's offspring fight it out” Archived 13 September 2012 at archive.today Retrieved 2009-12-19
- "Vale, Sunline - you thrilled in victory and stirred in defeat". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2 May 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
- Champion Sunline Euthanized
- Sunline Loses Battle With Disease
- General references