Strategy Markup Language (StratML) is an XML-based standard vocabulary and schema for the information commonly contained in strategic and performance plans and reports. StratML Part 1 specifies the elements of strategic plans, including: mission, vision, values, goals, objectives, and stakeholders. Part 2 extends Part 1 to include the additional elements required for performance plans and reports, including stakeholder roles and performance indicators.
Originally adopted as an American national standard (ANSI/AIIM 21:2009) Part 1, Strategic Plans, was published as an international standard (ISO 17469-1) on February 11, 2015, with minor changes from the ANSI version. On November 13, 2015, the ANSI version of Part 1 was replaced with the ISO version (ANSI/AIIM/ISO 17469-1). On January 9, 2017, the ISO changes and several additional enhancements were approved for incorporation into Part 2, Performance Plans and Reports (ANSI/AIIM 22). Internationalization of Part 2 will depend upon sufficient support from other nations in the ISO process.
The vision of the StratML standard is: "A worldwide web of intentions, stakeholders, and results." Its more explicit purposes include enabling strategic alignment through literal linkages between performance objectives and the business records supporting them. Although the initial focus has been on the plans and reports that U.S. federal agencies are required to compile and maintain under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), the standard has been specified generically so as to be applicable not only to all organizations, worldwide, but also to individuals who choose to lead mission/goal-directed lives.
Section 10 of the GPRA Modernization Act (GPRAMA) requires U.S. federal agencies to publish their strategic and performance plans and reports in machine-readable format. StratML is such a format.
- Benefit corporation
- Collective action
- Collective impact
- Collective intelligence
- Complex contagion
- Machine-Readable Documents
- Mass collaboration
- Mission statement
- Objectives & Key Results (OKR)
- OMB Circular A-11
- Performance indicator
- Performance management
- Public-benefit corporation
- Stakeholder analysis
- Stakeholder management
- Stakeholder theory
- Strategic alignment
- Vision statement
- XML editor
- ISO 17469-1, Document management -- Strategy markup language (StratML) -- Part 1: StratML core elements
- Strategy Markup Language - Part 1: StratML core elements
- ANSI/AIIM 22: 2017, Standard Recommended Practice - Strategy Markup Language - Part 2: Performance Plans and Reports
- GPRA Modernization Act (P.L. 111–352)
- StratML home page - Outdated copy on the xml.gov website (in archival status)
- OMB Circular A-11, section 230.18, July 2017 - How should agencies publish Strategic Plans and deliver them to Congress? The GPRA Modernization Act of 2010 requires agencies to make the Strategic Plan available on both the public website of the agency as well as on a central website (e.g., Performance.gov) in machine readable format, and notify the President and Congress of its availability.