|Speaker of the|
Legislative Assembly of Ontario
Président de l'Assemblée législative de l'Ontario
|Legislative Assembly of Ontario|
|Member of||Provincial Parliament|
|Seat||Queen's Park, Toronto|
|Formation||December 27, 1867|
|First holder||John Stevenson|
Nelson Parliament was a Liberal who became Speaker when the United Farmers of Ontario and Labour Party formed a coalition government in the 15th Legislative Assembly of Ontario. A considerable number of members in the governing party were either freshly elected or chosen to serve as government ministers (which made them ineligible to be elected). As a result, the Premier, E.C. Drury, looked to the opposition benches for a Speaker, and chose Parliament, who had served as an MPP since 1914. Upon becoming Speaker, Parliament resigned from the Liberal caucus and sat without party affiliation, as a compromise for his election. While this is the normal practice in the British House of Commons, it is the only time it has happened in Ontario.
Jack Stokes was the NDP MPP for Lake Nipigon, and was named Speaker by Progressive Conservative Premier Bill Davis. His election is an example of an instance where a member of an opposing party was elected to the position. Davis was elected to lead a minority government and having an opposition MPP as Speaker was a means of denying the opposition one vote (as the Speaker only votes in the occasion of a tie and then must vote by precedent).
Hugh Edighoffer was elected Speaker following the 1985 provincial election that returned a slim minority Progressive Conservative government under Frank Miller. However, the opposition Liberals and NDP together controlled a majority of seats and elected Edighoffer as Speaker, who was a member of the Liberal Party. Days later, the Miller government was brought down by a Motion of Non-Confidence and, as a result of an accord between the Liberals and the NDP, Liberal leader David Peterson was asked to form a government without the legislature being dissolved and a new election. Edighoffer, a Liberal MPP, remained Speaker for the duration of the Peterson government as well.
There were nine candidates for the position of Speaker in the 40th Ontario legislature, held after the 2011 provincial election returned a minority Liberal government. Liberals Donna Cansfield, Kevin Flynn, Dave Levac and David Zimmer. A fifth candidate, Progressive Conservative MPP Frank Klees withdrew after his bid failed to receive sufficient support from either side of the aisle.
David Zimmer dropped off after the first ballot. On the second ballot, Dave Levac was elected Speaker. The actual vote totals were not released.
Liberal MPP Dave Levac was re-elected to a second term as Speaker at the first session of the 41st Parliament held on July 2, 2014, becoming the first Speaker since Hugh Edighoffer to serve more than one term. Levac defeated NDP MPP Paul Miller and Progressive Conservative Rick Nicholls on the third ballot. NDP MPP Cheri DiNovo was eliminated on the first ballot and Liberal MPP Shafiq Qaadri was eliminated on the second ballot. Actual vote totals were not released.
PC MPP Ted Arnott was elected as Speaker at the first session of the 42nd Parliament held on July 11, 2018 on the first ballot, defeating Randy Hillier, Jane McKenna and Rick Nicholls. Arnott was one of the three longest serving members of the legislature at the time of election.
As with other Speakers that are modeled on the Westminster system, the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly is elected using a secret ballot. Since 1990, the position has been elected by MPPs in this manner. Previously, the Speaker had been appointed directly by the Premier of Ontario after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition and the leader of the third-largest party, and then ratified by the legislature. David Warner was the first Speaker to be elected by his or her peers. This change reflects a similar reform undertaken by the federal House of Commons in 1986.
The Speaker is required to perform his or her office impartially, but does not resign from his or her party membership upon taking office. This is identical to the system in place in the federal House of Commons, but stands in contrast to the Speaker of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The only Speaker of the Legislative Assembly to have resigned his party affiliation upon election was Nelson Parliament, who was elected in 1920.
List of speakers of the Legislative Assembly
|1||John Stevenson||27 December 1867||7 December 1871||1||3 years, 345 days||Conservative|
|2||Richard William Scott||7 December 1871||21 December 1871||2||14 days||Liberal|
|3||James George Currie||21 December 1871||29 March 1873||2||1 year, 98 days||Liberal|
|4||Rupert Mearse Wells||7 January 1874||7 January 1880||2, 3||6 years, 0 days||Liberal|
|5||Charles J. P. Clarke[a]||7 January 1880||10 February 1887||4, 5||7 years, 34 days||Liberal|
|6||Jacob Baxter||10 February 1887||11 February 1891||6||4 years, 1 day||Liberal|
|7||Thomas Ballantyne||11 February 1891||21 February 1895||7||4 years, 10 days||Liberal|
|8||William Douglas Balfour||21 February 1895||14 July 1896||8||1 year, 144 days||Liberal|
|9||Francis Eugene Alfred Evanturel||10 February 1897||10 March 1903||8, 9||6 years, 239 days||Liberal|
|10||William Andrew Charlton||10 March 1903||22 March 1905||10||2 years, 12 days||Liberal|
|11||Joseph Wesley St. John||22 March 1905||7 April 1907||11||2 years, 16 days||Conservative|
|12||Thomas Crawford||8 April 1907||7 February 1912||11, 12||4 years, 306 days||Conservative|
|13||William Henry Hoyle||7 February 1912||16 February 1915||13||3 years, 9 days||Conservative|
|14||David Jamieson||16 February 1915||9 March 1920||14||5 years, 22 days||Conservative|
|15||Nelson Parliament||9 March 1920||6 February 1924||15||3 years, 334 days||Independent[b]|
|16||Joseph Elijah Thompson||6 February 1924||2 February 1927||16||2 years, 361 days||Conservative|
|17||William David Black||2 February 1927||5 February 1930||17||3 years, 3 days||Conservative|
|18||Thomas Ashmore Kidd||5 February 1930||20 February 1935||18||5 years, 15 days||Conservative|
|19||Norman Otto Hipel||20 February 1935||2 September 1938||19, 20||3 years, 194 days||Liberal|
|20||James Howard Clark||8 March 1939||22 February 1944||20||4 years, 351 days||Liberal|
|21||William James Stewart||22 February 1944||21 March 1947||21, 22||3 years, 27 days||Conservative|
|22||James de Congalton Hepburn||24 March 1947||10 February 1949||22||1 year, 323 days||Conservative|
|23||Maurice Coleman Davies||10 February 1949||8 September 1955||23, 24||6 years, 210 days||Conservative|
|24||Alfred Downer||8 September 1955||26 January 1960||25||4 years, 140 days||Progressive Conservative|
|25||William Murdoch||26 January 1960||29 October 1963||26||3 years, 276 days||Progressive Conservative|
|26||Donald Hugo Morrow||29 October 1963||14 February 1968||27||4 years, 108 days||Progressive Conservative|
|27||Frederick McIntosh Cass||14 February 1968||13 December 1971||28||3 years, 302 days||Progressive Conservative|
|28||Allan Edward Reuter||13 December 1971||22 October 1974||29||2 years, 313 days||Progressive Conservative|
|29||Russell Daniel Rowe||22 October 1974||17 October 1977||29, 30, 31||2 years, 360 days||Progressive Conservative|
|30||John Edward "Jack" Stokes||17 October 1977||21 April 1981||31||3 years, 186 days||New Democratic Party|
|31||John M. Turner||21 April 1981||4 June 1985||32||4 years, 44 days||Progressive Conservative|
|32||Hugh Alden Edighoffer||4 June 1985||19 November 1990||33, 34||5 years, 168 days||Liberal|
|33||David William Warner||19 November 1990||26 September 1995||35||4 years, 311 days||New Democratic Party|
|34||Al McLean||26 September 1995||26 September 1996||36||1 year, 0 days||Progressive Conservative|
|35||Edward Doyle||26 September 1996||3 October 1996||36||7 days||Progressive Conservative|
|36||Chris Stockwell||3 October 1996||20 October 1999||36||3 years, 17 days||Progressive Conservative|
|37||Gary Carr||20 October 1999||19 November 2003||37||4 years, 30 days||Progressive Conservative|
|38||Alvin Curling||19 November 2003||19 August 2005||38||1 year, 326 days||Liberal|
|39||Michael A. Brown||11 October 2005||28 November 2007||38||2 years, 48 days||Liberal|
|40||Stephen Peters||28 November 2007||21 November 2011||39||3 years, 358 days||Liberal|
|41||Dave Levac||21 November 2011||8 May 2018||40, 41||6 years, 168 days||Liberal|
|42||Ted Arnott||11 July 2018||Present||42||2 years, 307 days||Progressive Conservative|
- Charles Clarke was also Clerk of the Assembly from 1892-1907, being the only Member to serve as both Speaker and Clerk.
- Nelson Parliament was a member of the Liberal Party, however the Liberals sat in the opposition in the 15th Parliament. As no one in the governing coalition had experience in the Legislature, Parliament was selected from the Opposition to become Speaker by the Premier; he subsequently resigned his party membership and sat as an independent.
List of current presiding officers
The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly is assisted by four other MPPs who are, along with the Speaker, collectively known as the presiding officers. Standing Order 2 of the Legislative Assembly requires that three of the five presiding officers hail from the Official Opposition. The Deputy Speaker is first in line to take the Chair in the absence of the Speaker. The Deputy Speaker is also ex officio the Chair of the Committee of the Whole House. The next three presiding officers are entitled deputy chairs of the Committee of the Whole House.
As with the Speaker, the other presiding officers are required to remain impartial in the Chair, but are not required to resign from their political party. They may participate in debate and vote as with any other member, when not in the Chair.
|Speaker of the Legislative Assembly||Ted Arnott||Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario|
|Deputy Speaker and Chair of the Committee of the Whole House||Rick Nicholls||Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario|
|First Deputy Chair of the Committee of the Whole House||Lisa Gretzky||New Democratic Party of Ontario|
|Second Deputy Chair of the Committee of the Whole House||Jennifer French||New Democratic Party of Ontario|
|Third Deputy Chair of the Committee of the Whole House||Percy Hatfield||New Democratic Party of Ontario|
The Speaker once had both reception space and an apartment within the Ontario Legislative Building. After the closure of Chorley Park in 1937, the reception space was transferred over to the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, as a non-residential vice regal suite. The Speaker maintains a residence at the Legislature, known as the Speaker's Apartment.
- brenthollandshow (2014-10-17), Peter Miliken Speaker Of The House Canada Parliament Ottawa Brent Holland Show, retrieved 2019-07-16
- Howlett, Karen (November 21, 2011). "Dave Levac elected Ontario Speaker". Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 21, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Levac re-elected Speaker". Belleville Expositor. July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 2, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Role of the Speaker | Legislative Assembly of Ontario". www.ola.org. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- "Current MPPs". Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- "Office and Role of Speaker". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- Ontario. Legislative Library; Dale, Clare A. (1992). "Whose servant I am" : speakers of the assemblies of the province of Upper Canada, Canada and Ontario, 1792-1992. Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Toronto : Ontario Legislative Library.
- "The Speaker". Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- "Standing orders | Legislative Assembly of Ontario". www.ola.org. Retrieved 2019-07-16.
- "Presiding officers and Clerks | Legislative Assembly of Ontario". www.ola.org. Retrieved 2019-07-16.