Early life and education
Shemuel Yeivin was born in Odessa, in the Jewish Pale of Settlement of the Russian Empire, on 2 September 1896. His father was Nissan Yeivin, a descendent of Rabbi Yaakov Yosef ben Yehuda, from whom the family derived their surname. His mother, Esther Yeivin, went on to become a noted women's rights activist and member of the Jewish National Council and Assembly of Representatives. Following the 1905 Odessa pogrom, Esther and her children joined the Second Aliyah and emigrated to Palestine, then part of the Ottoman Empire. Their father joined them in 1908, purchasing a farm in Gedera. The family later moved to Tel Aviv, where Shemuel studied at the Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium.
In Mandatory Palestine, Yeiven was an active member of the Jewish Palestine Exploration Society, serving as its chair between 1944 and 1946. Speaking at a meeting of the society in Tel Aviv in 1934, he celebrated archaeologists' "discovery of Hebrew Palestine" in excavations at Tell Beit Mirsim, Tel Megiddo, and Tel Lachish in the previous decade. Later he participated in the first yedi'at ha-Aretz ("Knowledge of the Land") conference, organised by the society in Jerusalem in 1943, arguing for the expansion of regional museums to educate Jewish settlers about the antiquities of the country. He also took part in excavations at Luxor (1924), Beit Shean (1924–28), Seleucia (1929–37) and was the co-director, with J. Krause-Marquet, of excavations at Ai in 1933.
After the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Yeivin was appointed the inaugural director of its Department of Antiquities and Museums, which succeeded the Department of Antiquities of Mandatory Palestine and is now known as the Israel Antiquities Authority. He held the position until 1961.
- 1939, Toledot ha-Ketav ha-Ivri (The History of the Hebrew Script)
- 1946, Milḥamot Bar Kokhva (The War of Bar-Kochba)
- 1955, Kadmoniyyot Arẓenu (The Antiquities of Israel), co-authored with Michael Avi-Yonah
- Tidhar 1950.
- Tidhar 1959.
- Avi-Yonah 2021.
- Benjamin Mazar, In Memoriam
- Abu El-Haj 2001, p. 293.
- Abu El-Haj 2001, pp. 73–75.
- Abu El-Haj 2001, pp. 21–53.
- "List of Bialik Prize recipients 1933-2004" (PDF). Tel Aviv Municipality website (in Hebrew). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-12-17.
- "Recipients in 1968". Israel Prize Official Site (in Hebrew).
- Avi-Yonah, Michael (2021). "Yeivin, Shemuel". Encyclopaedia Judaica. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2021-03-11.
- Abu El-Haj, Nadia (2001). Facts on the Ground: Archaeological Practice and Territorial Self-Fashioning in Israeli Society. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-00215-6.
- Tidhar, David (1950). "שמואל ייבין" [Shmuel Yavin]. Entsiklopedyah le-halutse ha-yishuv u-vonav (in Hebrew). 4. Touro College Libraries. p. 1807. Retrieved 2021-03-11.
- Tidhar, David (1959). "אסתר ייבין" [Esther Yavin]. Entsiklopedyah le-halutse ha-yishuv u-vonav (in Hebrew). 10. Touro College Libraries. p. 3635. Retrieved 2021-03-11.