Sham Shui Po Barracks was a British Army facility built in the 1920s in the Sham Shui Po area of Kowloon, Hong Kong. The base was bounded by Fuk Wa Street to the east by Yen Chow Street and to the west by Tonkin Street and Camp Street.
The buildings on one side were known as Hankow Barracks, and the other Nanking Barracks. There was a large parade ground. Smaller buildings were later added, and the large Jubilee Buildings were constructed as married quarters.
World War II
During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army used it as a POW camp for British, Indian and Canadian soldiers. This was the main POW Camp in Hong Kong, operating from before the British surrendered the Colony, to the Japanese surrender. By the latter date, it was the only POW facility operating in Hong Kong, bar the hospital at the Central British School (now King George V School). Many POWs died here, especially in the diphtheria epidemic of 1942, and all shipments of POWs to Japan left from Sham Shui Po's Bamboo Pier.
After the war
In the late 1970s and early 1980s the camp was used to house Vietnamese refugees.
The camp was re-developed for housing in the early 1990s. None of the former military structures exists and only plaques commemorating the POW camp remain, together with maple trees commemorating the Canadians held here. These can be found at Sham Shui Po Park, also part of the former base.
- "ARMY GIVES UP PART OF SHAMSHUIPO LAND: Opening Up Of Laichikok Road To Give Access To Cheungshawan". South China Morning Post. 21 August 1959. p. 6.
- Charles G. Roland (2001). Long Night's Journey Into Day: Prisoners of War in Hong Kong and Japan, 1941-1945. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. ISBN 0-88920-362-8.
- Tony Banham (2009). We Shall Suffer There: Hong Kong's Defenders Imprisoned, 1942-1945. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 978-962-209-960-9.
- Dee Larcombe with Ronald Clements (2020). The Girl in the Drawer. New Generation Publishing. ISBN 978-178-955-906-4.
- Victor Ebbage (2011). The Hard Way: Surviving Shamshuipo POW Camp 1941-45. Spellmount, The History Press. ISBN 978-075-246-064-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Memorial plaque, Sham Shui Po Park.|
- Site of former Sham Shui Po Camp and POW Camp at gwulo.com
- Site of Jubilee Buildings, Sham Shui Po at gwulo.com