This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]
How seniority is calculated
Members of the House are arranged by the number of terms they have served, before being arranged by the beginning date of their most recent continuous service. Where members have served the same number of terms and have the same date of service, they are arranged alphabetically by last name.
Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.
Benefits of seniority
Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership. Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.
Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.
The higher the levels you are in seniority, the more likely you get desirable committee assignments, or leadership posts like the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee or Republican Policy Committee. Normally, the more senior you are in a certain committee, the more likely you will be chosen to be the committee chair, or ranking member should your caucus be in the minority. However, in some more powerful and exclusive committees like House Committee on Energy and Commerce and House Committee on Appropriations, you may not be chosen as the chair even if you are the most senior member.
- Texas 6: Ron Wright (R) died February 7, 2021. He had stage IV lung cancer (diagnosed in late 2018) and also became infected with COVID-19, becoming the first and so far only sitting member of Congress to succumb to the disease. A special election was held on May 1, 2021. The runoff election will be held on July 27, 2021.
- Ohio 11: Marcia Fudge (D) resigned March 10, 2021, to become Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in the Biden administration. The special election will be held on November 2, 2021.
- Florida 20: Alcee Hastings (D) died April 6, 2021. He had pancreatic cancer. The special election will be held on January 11, 2022.
- Ohio 15: Steve Stivers (R) resigned May 16, 2021, to become president of the Ohio Chamber of Commerce. The special election will be held on November 2, 2021.
Current seniority list
(Previous service, if any)
|1||Eleanor Holmes Norton||D||District of Columbia at-large||January 3, 1991|
|2||Gregorio Sablan||I[d]||Northern Mariana Islands at-large||January 3, 2009|
|3||Stacey Plaskett||D||United States Virgin Islands at-large||January 3, 2015|
|4||Amata Coleman Radewagen||R||American Samoa at-large|
|5||Jenniffer González Colón||NPP/R||Puerto Rico at-large||January 3, 2017|
|6||Michael San Nicolas||D||Guam at-large||January 3, 2019|
- Current members of the United States House of Representatives
- List of United States congressional districts
- List of members of the United States Congress by longevity of service
- Seniority in the United States Senate
- Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
- Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
- A party change does not affect seniority.
- Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.
- "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives". Historian of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
- "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.
- Livingston, Abby (February 8, 2021). "U.S. Rep. Ron Wright dies weeks after testing positive for coronavirus". The Texas Tribune.
- Man, Anthony. "Congressman Alcee Hastings, after career of triumph, calamity and comeback, dies at 84". sun-sentinel.com.
- "DeSantis schedules special election to replace Alcee Hastings for January". The Hill. 2021-05-04.
- Choi, Joseph (April 19, 2021). "GOP Rep. Steve Stivers plans to retire". Retrieved April 19, 2021.
- "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives in the 116th Congress" (PDF). September 24, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2019 – via Clerk of the House of Representatives.