This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2016)
|Santa Maria in Via Lata|
|Church of Saint Mary on the Broad Way|
Chiesa di Santa Maria in Via Lata
|Location||Via del Corso 306, Rome|
|Founded||4th century AD?|
|Dedication||Mary, mother of Jesus|
|Architect(s)||Pietro da Cortona|
|Architectural type||Baroque, Early Christian|
St. Paul is said to have spent two years here, in what is now the crypt of the church, whilst under house arrest awaiting his trial. This conflicts with the tradition regarding San Paolo alla Regola. The same was also claimed for St Peter, Paul's secretary Luke, Peter's disciple Martial, St John.
The first Christian place of worship here was a 5th-century oratory (chapel with welfare centre) in the Roman building beneath the present church. This was constructed within the remains of a large Roman warehouse, some 250 metres (820 ft) long, which has also been excavated. The church's upper level was added in the 9th century, and murals added to the lower level between the 7th and 9th centuries (these have been detached for conservation reasons). The cosmatesque pavement from this phase survives.
The church's 13th century icon of the Virgin Advocate, said to have performed many miracles, and relics of the 3rd century Deacon and martyr Agapitus lie beneath it. The Arcus Novus (an arch erected by emperor Diocletian in 303–304), which stood on this site were destroyed during reconstruction of the church in the late 15th century, c. 1491. Antonio Tebaldeo, poet and friend of Raphael, was buried at the end of the north aisle in 1537, though his tomb was designed in 1776.
The church was renovated in 1639 by Cosimo Fanzago, but the facade, with its Corinthian columns imposing vertical emphasis, was completed (1658-1660) based on a design by Pietro da Cortona. He appears to evoke a triumphal arch in the facade. The high altar Madonna Advocata (1636) is one of the few paintings in churches attributed to Bernini (perhaps by Santi Ghetti). The ciborium in the apse is made of alabaster and lapis-lazuli. The first excavations of the site also occurred at this date, as commemorated by a relief in the crypt by Cosimo Fancelli. The families of Joseph and Lucien Bonaparte were buried here in the 19th century.
Along the right side of the nave, the first altarpiece is a Martydom of St Andrew (1685) by Giacinto Brandi, while the second altarpiece is a Saints Giuseppe, Nicola, and Biagio by Giuseppe Ghezzi. In the chapel to the left of the apse, is a Madonna with child and Saints Cyriac and Catherine by Giovanni Odazzi. The second altar on the left has a Saint Paul baptizes Sabine and children by Pier Leone Ghezzi while the first altarpiece is a Virgin and Saints Lawrence and Anthony by Pietro de Pietri. Six oval paintings on the right nave include canvases by P. de Pietri and Agostino Masucci. On the left nave are five ovals, painted by P. de Pietri, Masucci, and Giovanni Domenico Piastrini.
An altar in the lower church has a marble bas relief by Cosimo Fancelli.
List of cardinal deacons
- Hadrian (before 772)
- Romualdo Guarna (1112–)
- Guido de Castello (1127–1133)
- Petrus Capuanus (1193–1200)
- John of Ferentino (1204/5–1212)
- Thomas Capuanus (1216)
- Giacomo Colonna (1278–1297)
- Nicolas de Besse (1344–1369)
- Pierre de Vergne (1371–1403)
- Antonio de Challant (1404–1412)
- Domenico Capranica (1430–1444); in commendam (1444–1458)
- Rodrigo Lanzol-Borja y Borja, in commendam (1458–1492)
- vacant (1492–1496)
- Juan de Borja Llançol de Romaní (1496–1500)
- Pedro Luis de Borja Llançol de Romaní (1500–1503); in commendam (1503–1511)
- Marco Cornaro (1513–1523)
- Alessandro Cesarini (1523–1540)
- Nicolò Ridolfi (1540–1550)
- Innocenzo Cibo (1550)
- Niccolò Gaddi (1550–1552)
- Guidascanio Sforza (1552–1564)
- Ippolito II d’Este (1564)
- Vitellozzo Vitelli (1564–1568)
- Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte (1568–1577)
- Antonio Carafa (1577–1583)
- Luigi d’Este (1583–1586)
- Ferdinando I de’ Medici (1587–1588)
- Francesco Sforza (1588–1617)
- Odoardo Farnese (1617–1621)
- Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto (1621)
- Alessandro d’Este (1621–1623)
- Carlo Emmanuele Pio di Savoia (1623–1626)
- Maurizio di Savoia (1626–1642)
- Antonio Barberini (1642–1653)
- Giangiacomo Teodoro Trivulzio (1653–1655)
- Giulio Gabrielli (1655–1656)
- Viriginio Orsini (1656–1666)
- Francesco Maidalchini (1666–1689)
- Nicolò Acciaioli (1689)
- Urbano Sacchetti (1689–1693)
- Benedetto Pamphilj (1693–1730)
- Lorenzo Altieri (1730–1741)
- Carlo Maria Marini (1741–1747)
- Alessandro Albani (1747–1779)
- Domenico Orsini d’Aragona (1779–1789)
- Ignazio Gaetano Boncompagni-Ludovisi (1789–1790)
- Gregorio Antonio Maria Salviati (1790–1794)
- Vincenzo Maria Altieri (1794–1798)
- Antonio Maria Doria Pamphilj (1800–1821)
- Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo (1821–1827)
- Giuseppe Albani (1828–1834)
- Tommaso Riario Sforza (1834–1857)
- Ludovico Gazzoli (1857–1858)
- Giuseppe Ugolini (1858–1867)
- Giacomo Antonelli (1868–1876)
- Prospero Caterini (1876–1881)
- Teodolfo Mertel (1881–1884)
- Lorenzo Ilarione Randi (1884–1887)
- Joseph Hergenröther (1887–1890)
- Isidoro Verga (1891–1896)
- Luigi Macchi (1896–1907)
- vacant (1907–1911)
- Louis Billot SJ (1911–1927)
- vacant (1927–1937)
- Giuseppe Pizzardo, cardinal priest pro hac vice (1937–1948)
- vacant (1948–1953)
- Valerian Gracias, cardinal priest pro hac vice (1953–1978)
- Wladyslaw Rubin (1979–1990); cardinal priest pro hac vice (1990)
- Edward Idris Cassidy (1991–2021); cardinal priest pro hac vice (2021)
- vacant (2021-)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Santa Maria in Via Lata (Rome).|
- Titi, Filippo (1763). Descrizione delle Pitture, Sculture e Architetture esposte in Roma. Marco Pagliarini, Rome. pp. 318–319.
- Luigi Cavazzi, La diaconia di S. Maria in Via Lata e il monastero di S. Ciriaco: memorie storiche (Roma: F. Pustet, 1908).
- Richard Krautheimer, Corpus Basilicarum Christianarum Romae: The Early Christian Basilicas of Rome (IV-IX Cent.) (Roma:Pontificio Istituto de archeologia cristiana, 1937), pp. 72 ff.
- Santa Maria in Via Lata (Roma: Tip. Centenari, 1959) [Chiese di Roma, cenni religiosi, storici, artistici, 87].
- Tyrone Joseph Castellarin, The Facade of Santa Maria in Via Lata by Pietro Da Cortona (Columbus OH: Ohio State University Press 1966) [dissertation].
- Carlo Bertelli and Carlo Galassi Paluzzi, S. Maria in via Lata (Rome, Marietti, ).
- Ingrid Baumgartner, Regesten aus dem Kapitelarchiv von S. Maria in Via Lata (1201-1259) Teil 1, Teil 2 (Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1994, 1995).
- Marcello Villani, La facciata di S. Maria in via Lata: committenza, iconologia, proporzionamento, ordini (Roma: Quasar 2006).
- Roberta Pardi, La diaconia di Santa Maria in Via Lata, Roma (Roma: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, 2006).
- Maria Costanza Pierdomenici, La chiesa di Santa Maria in via Lata: note di storia e di restauro (Roma: Gangeni Editore 2011).