|Founded||February 5, 2007|
|Regional affiliation||FIBA Asia|
|Location||Pasig, Metro Manila, Philippines|
|Chairman||Juan Edgardo Angara|
|Men's coach||Tab Baldwin|
|Women's coach||Patrick Aquino|
|Replaced||Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP)|
The Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas (lit. 'Basketball Federation of the Philippines') or the SBP is the national sport association for basketball in the Philippines, formed from the merging of the Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP) and Pilipinas Basketball (PB).
It was formed in order to fix a long running feud in Philippine basketball that resulted in FIBA suspending the country from participating in FIBA-sanctioned events. Both groups signed a joint communique during the FIBA Congress in Saitama, Japan in September 2006.
Manuel V. Pangilinan, chairman of the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company, and owner of the PBA teams TNT KaTropa, Meralco Bolts and NLEX Road Warriors was named as the first president of the organization on February 5, 2007 up until August 8, 2016. He was succeeded by Al Panlilio, who served as the PBA team governor of the Meralco Bolts.
In 2005, the BAP-formed Cebuana-Lhuillier Philippine National Team, made up of little-known amateur players, lost to the Parañaque Jets, owned by city Vice Mayor and comedian Anjo Yllana in the 2005 National Basketball Conference preseason tournament. The Jets were bannered by actors and showbiz personalities, while the BAP team was supposed to have been sent to represent the country in an international tournament. This led to calls from Philippine Olympic Committee President Jose "Peping" Cojuangco to reform the BAP's programs and send a national team made up of professional players from the Philippine Basketball Association.
However, disagreements became bitter in mid-2005 as both groups wanted to have their own teams represent the country to the SEABA Men's Basketball tournament in Malaysia. The BAP also replaced Quinteliano "Tiny" Literal with former Philippine senator and Laguna governor Joey Lina as President of the basketball body. The POC intended to reform the BAP's basketball program, but the BAP resisted, and warned the POC to stay out of the situation. As the dispute continued, other National Sports Associations of the POC convened, and expelled the association as the National Sport Association for basketball in the country and created the Philippine Basketball Federation, Inc. as the new basketball governing body. The FIBA, meanwhile, continued to recognize only the BAP and instructed its leaders to sort out the issue.
In July 2005, the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) suspended the Philippines from all FIBA-sanctioned tournaments due to disagreements between the Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP) and the Philippine Olympic Committee.
In late 2005, the POC received a memorandum that would pave way for the country's major stakeholders the PBA, PBL, UAAP, and NCAA and Joey Lina, then-BAP President to represent the BAP to form another new association, which materialized in March 2006, and was eventually known as Pilipinas Basketball.
However, the talks stalled when Lina backed out from the formation of the group. Pilipinas Basketball tried its luck to gain FIBA recognition from FIBA Secretary-General Patrick Baumann but was denied, urging them to "keep the course".
For the next five months, talks for a resolution remained silent.
The Joint Communique
During the 2006 FIBA World Championship in Saitama, Japan, the FIBA Congress was also held in conjunction with the event. Both representatives from the BAP and Pilipinas Basketball separately to meet with FIBA officials to gain recognition.
After talks with both groups, FIBA through Baumann and other representatives invited both parties to sit down and negotiate a solution. After lengthy talks and reportedly some shouting matches, both groups decided to instead form a new basketball body with both members of the BAP and PB joining forces.
The joint communique said that both parties have promised to fix the problem within a month with a three-man panel made up of then-BAP head Lina and Pilipinas Basketball President Bernie Atienza and a neutral person to oversee the formation.
The neutral person was supposed to have been former PBA commissioner Atty. Rudy Salud. Salud, who formed the by-laws of the PBA refused the offer due to health reasons. Eventually Lina and Atienza asked PLDT chairman Manuel V. Pangilinan to be the third person.
The panel agreed to name the new organization as the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas.
Lina's resignation, Jinggoy named new BAP head
In a twist of events, Lina resigned as BAP President stalling the formation of the association. It was reported that several members of the BAP were not willing to cooperate with the limited power sharing with Pilipinas Basketball.
Eventually, BAP hired Philippine senator Jinggoy Estrada, son of former Philippine President Joseph Estrada, as its president. One of Estrada's first moves was to try and convince the POC to reinstate the BAP and also asked the Philippine Sports Commission to open the padlocked BAP office. However, those requests were denied, but Estrada was given explanation by POC President Jose Cojuangco about the reasons for the BAP expulsion.
Agreement in Hong Kong
Two days before Christmas, Estrada and Pangilinan agreed on a power sharing that could result in the end of the FIBA suspension. Under the agreement, Estrada will be named as the SBP Chairman while Pangilinan will be named SBP President. Both also agreed on Ricky Vargas, the Talk N' Text Phone Pals Governor and Pangilinan's business aide and Lito Alvarez, the Air21 Express Governor and one of the key figures in the BAP, to be given positions in the association.
The move was lauded by many within the basketball community and gave hope for the possible return of the Philippines in international competitions.
BAP fires Estrada
In early-January 2007, the BAP rejected the agreement between Pangilinan and Estrada, citing "Estrada's cooperating with Pilipinas Basketball move without consultation from the BAP". On January 6, 2007, the BAP released a press statement announcing the firing of Estrada as its BAP president. The position was declared vacant with Christian Tan named as interim president.
The move was blasted by PBA Commissioner Noli Eala and PBL Commissioner Chino Trinidad. Senator Estrada, however, remained with the SBP to continue to formation of the association and even went to Geneva along with a group led by Pangilinan and Eala to talk with FIBA Secretary-General Patrick Baumann about the SBP's progress. Baumann responded by saying that the suspension will be lifted once a new organization is formed through a Basketball Unity Congress.
The BAP then hired track-and-field president Go Teng Kok as their BAP President. Rumors also surfaced that the BAP had intended to boycott the Unity Congress and to issue a TRO but the rumors where denied by the 70-year organization.
A week before the unity congress, both BAP and PB separately went to Bangkok for talks with Baumann and FIBA-Asia representatives. After talks between leaders of both the BAP and the PB, the two groups agreed to settle differences and moved ahead with the congress.
On February 5, 2007, the Unity Congress was held formally electing Pangilinan as its president. The event was graced by members of the BAP, PB, the Philippine Olympic Committee, and a host of observers that included Baumann, who issued a statement saying the suspension has been lifted pending approval by the POC as its NSA for basketball.
As part of the approval, both agreed to call the organization as the BAP-Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas, Inc.
The Court of Appeals of the Philippines' Special 11th division, on October 6, 2008, granted a 60-day temporary restraining order on Manuel V. Pangilinan's certiorari against Prospero A. Pichay, Jr. and Camarines Sur Rep. Luis Villafuerte's control of BAP-SBP. The TRO nullified the enforcement of the September 3 Manila Regional Trial Court, Branch 24 order, favoring Villafuerte's group. Earlier, Manila Judge Antonio Eugenio Jr. held that "the June 12, 2008 convention-election called by the SBP faction of Pangilinan, as President, and Misamis Oriental Governor Oscar Moreno, as Chair, was null and void, and the June 4, 2008 National Congress, which was attended by majority of the stakeholders who elected former congressman Prospero Pichay as BAP-SBP president and Villafuerte as chairman, was valid." The RTC annulled the election after Villafuerte's group revealed only 19 out of the 87 member-associations attended the election while the June 4 elections was authorized by majority of the 87 stakeholders that attended the National Congress initiated by Villafuerte, as BAP-SBP chairman. The decision of the Manila RTC was eventually overturned by the Court of Appeals' Special 9th division on November 18, 2008 in a 16-page decision which recognized the legitimacy of the June 12 convention-election. The supposed election of Villafuerte as SBP chairman, according to the decision, had no legal basis, since the Camarines Sur congressman is not a legitimate member of the board of trustees. "Based on the Bangkok agreement forged between the warring BAP and SBP, the chairman of the SBP should be a member of the SBP board of trustees. Although Villafuerte is serving as BAP chairman, he was never a part of the merger." As a result, the association formally changed its name to Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas. According to SBP Executive Director Noli Eala: “Yes, we have dropped BAP from the official name of the legitimate national basketball association of the country” 
Retirement of MVP and the new SBP board
Pangilinan, who used to served as the first president of SBP for two consecutive terms, announced in a press conference in October 8, 2015 that he will retire as the head of the basketball NSA.
MVP, and 12 other officials of the said NSA, Ricky Vargas, Bernie Atienza, Pete Alfaro, Danny Soria, Fr. Paul De Vera, Niewncanor Jorge, Raul Alcozeba, Dr. Jay Adalem, Mayor Oca Moreno, Robert Uy, Vivian Manila, and Rey Gamboa were already expired their terms last February 2015, but the elections were not conducted due to "busy schedule" of the stakeholders. SBP will hold the general elections on August 8, 2016 (supposedly scheduled for January 2016, but it was delayed due to the Philippines' hosting of the 2016 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournaments for Men) to elect the possible replacements of Pangilinan and other members of the SBP board.
During the election, a new set of board of trustees were elected. The board composed of four representatives from the PBA (Chito Narvasa, Robert Non, Al Panlilio, and Erick Arejola), 1 from youth sector (Sonny Angara), three from commercial sector (Robbie Puno, Ricky Palou, and Jobin Jarvis Uy), 5 from collegiate and junior leagues (Ronnie Dizer, Paul Supan, Joe Lipa, Xavi Nunag, and Melanie Florentino), 1 from women's sector (Monica Jorge), and 11 from local leagues, representing the 5 areas (Joey Guillermo, Bernardino Bermudez, Crispulo Onrubia, Virgilio Cortez, Rey Bautista, Benjo Viola, Ramoncito Fernandez, Enrico Navarro, Fr. Joseph Haw, Glenn Escandor and Stephen Dacoco). After the election, the newly-elected board of trustees elected the new set of officers of the SBP. Panlilio named President, Angara named Chairman, Puno named Vice Chairman, and Palou named Treasurer. Sonny Barrios, was retained as the executive director, while Panlilio's predecessor, Pangilinan was appointed as the chairman emeritus of the organization.
The main program of the SBP is the men's national basketball team. Recently, the country placed 7th in the 2017 FIBA Asia Cup in Beirut, Lebanon and 32nd in the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup in China. The FIBA Asia squad was sponsored primarily by the PBA, San Miguel Corporation and Smart Communications. The SBP is now preparing teams for the 2021 FIBA Asia Cup, youth tournaments, and the 2023 FIBA Basketball World Cup, which they will be co-hosting with Japan and Indonesia. Other programs include the women's national team, the men's under-18/19 youth squad, the women's under-18/19 youth squad, and the men's under-16/17 youth squad.
In 2019, the SBP reorganized the Gilas Pilipinas brand to include the women's, youth, and 3x3 basketball programs in addition to the men's program.
The SBP organizes these tournaments:
The SBP formerly organized these tournaments:
- Liga Pilipinas (2008–11)
- Basketball Association of the Philippines vs. FIBA and Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas, arbitral award by the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
- Villafuerte, et. al. vs. Moreno, et. al, decision by the Supreme Court.
- Moreno, et. al. vs. Villafuerte, et. al., decision by the Court of Appeals.
- The Daily Tribune: SBP goes on its own as NSA
- "FIBA lifts ban on the Philippines".
- Stalemate marks meeting with FIBA
- Lim bids for BAP reinstatement
- RP cage officials come to terms
- Lina: New hoops body ready by end of Sept.
- BAP, PB vow to finish job before Sept. 30
- MVP looms as frontrunner for post
- MVP agrees to head SBP
- Salud declines cage offer
- Panel OK's bylaws' last draft, to check membership list next
- Panel approves 25-man board
- Panel starts work on cage body
- Pangilinan, 12 each from BAP, PB to form 'SBP Inc.' board
- Lina quits as BAP president
- MVP claims Lina was never nominated for president
- Jinggoy to take over as BAP head?
- Jinggoy is new BAP president
- POC to Jinggoy: Honor BAP accord with SBP
- Jinggoy gives in for MVP, says BAP must follow accord
- RP five in limbo despite unity pact
- Unity talks off anew as Jinggoy quits BAP
- Eala slams BAP on Jinggoy ouster
- Jinggoy denies SBP deal, wants presidency
- BAP offers top post to Go
- Behind closed doors
- With Cage Panel Complete: SBP to hold unity congress
- SBPI board to elect Pangilinan as chairman and president
- gmanews.tv/story, Court halts basketball group’s leadership change
- sunstar.com.ph, CA stops takeover of BAP-SBP leadership
- The Philippine Daily Inquirer: CA reverses RTC decision on SBP
- The Daily Tribune: SBP in legal overdrive vs BAP, BCAP
- BusinessMirror: SBP and Pangilinan to BAP: Join us and let’s move forward
- Torres, Tetch (2009-10-07). "Court affirms Moreno, Eala as BAP-SBP heads". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- Richard Dy (October 8, 2015). "MVP set to retire from SBP, election set in 2016". Philippine Star. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
- Paolo del Rosario (October 8, 2015). "Pangilinan retires as SBP president; New chief to be elected in January". CNN Philippines. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
- Naveen Ganglani (October 8, 2015). "MVP steps down as SBP head, new leadership to take over". Rappler. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
- Beltran, Nelson (July 11, 2016). "Election of officers is SBP's immediate concern". The Philippine Star. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
- Leongson, Randolph (August 8, 2016). "SBP elects new Board of Trustees". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 9, 2016.
- Manicad, Julius (August 9, 2016). "Panlilio succeeds MVP as caging chief". The Daily Tribune. Retrieved August 9, 2016.
- Leyba, Olmin (May 9, 2019). "It's all Gilas Pilipinas for SBP programs". The Philippine Star. Retrieved May 12, 2019.