Ruth Langer (1921-1999), was an Austrian swimmer who competed both nationally and internationally.
Langer won several national titles, beginning at 14 when she held the Austrian records for the 100m & 400m freestyle, and won the Austrian championship that year.
Langer was selected for the Austrian Olympic Team, due to compete in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Nazi Germany. She refused to participate, along with Judith Deutsch and Lucy Goldner, as a protest against the Nazi regime in Germany and their anti-semitism at the time saying; "We do not boycott Olympia, but Berlin".
Langer escaped from Austria to Italy in 1938, arriving in England during 1939. She competed in, and won, the last Thames long-distance British championship race the same year; but after the outbreak of the second world war, she was initially treated as an "enemy alien". She was allowed to return to normal life shortly afterwards, marrying John Lawrence in 1944 and raising a son and daughter with him.
- Wechsler, Bob (2008). "May 21". Day by day in Jewish sports history. KTAV Pub. House. p. 142. ISBN 978-1602800137. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
- Litsky, Frank (1999-06-06). "Ruth Langer Lawrence, 77, Who Boycotted '36 Olympics". The New York Times Company. New York Times. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
- The Imperial War Museum (2018-06-20). "The 1936 Berlin Olympics". Imperial War Museum. Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 30 October 2018.