Rose Camile LeDieu Mooney-Slater (23 October 1902 — 21 November 1981) was a professor of physics at the Newcomb College of the Tulane University and the first female X-ray crystallographer in the United States.
Rose Camille LeDieu was raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. Mooney-Slater received a B.S. and M.S. in physics from the Newcomb College of the Tulane University in 1926 and 1929, respectively. In 1932, she received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago. In 1933, she became a professor of physics at the Newcomb College. She became a Guggenheim Fellow in 1939. In 1941, she was appointed the head of the Physics Department at Newcomb College. From 1943 to 1944, she worked as a research physicist and crystallographer on the Manhattan Project in the Metallurgical Lab at the University of Chicago. From 1952 to 1956, she worked as a physicist at the National Bureau of Standards. From 1956 to 1981, she served as a research physicist at MIT. From 1966 to 1974, she taught physics at the University of Florida. She was married to John C. Slater. Mooney-Slater died on 21 November 1981.
- "Rose C. Mooney-Slater". Atomic Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Articles Rose C. L. Mooney-Slater". www.amercrystalassn.org. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Rose Camille LeDieu Mooney-Slater papers, 1917-1981". American Philosophical Society Library.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey; Harvey, Joy Dorothy (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: L-Z. Taylor & Francis. pp. 910–911. ISBN 9780415920384.
- Hall, Stanley R.; Seff, Karl (1982). "Rose C. L. Mooney-Slater". Physics Today. 35 (7): 72. doi:10.1063/1.2915184.