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|Former names||Müngersdorfer Stadion (1923–2001)|
|Address||Aachener Straße 999|
50933 Cologne, Germany
|Location||Aachener Straße 999, Sportpark Müngersdorf, Lindenthal|
|Owner||Kölner Sportstätten GmbH|
|Capacity||49,698 (Regular matches) |
45,965 (International matches)
|Field size||105 m x 68 m|
|Broke ground||12 October 1921|
|Opened||16 September 1923|
|Construction cost||DEM 47.4 million|
(DEM 21.2 million in 2017 Deutschmarks)
|Kölner BC 01 (1923–1947)|
SpVgg Sülz 07 (1923–1947)
1. FC Köln (1948–present)
Cologne Centurions (2004–2007)
Germany national football team (selected matches)
|Renovated||31 January 2004|
|Renovation cost||€117.4 million|
|Architect||Gerkan, Marg und Partner|
|Structural engineer||Schlaich Bergermann & Partner|
|Main contractor||Max Bögl|
RheinEnergieStadion, formerly Müngersdorfer Stadion (German pronunciation: [ˌʁaɪnʔenɛʁˈɡiːˌʃtaːdi̯ɔn]), is a German football stadium in Cologne. It was built on the site of the two previous Müngersdorfer stadiums. It is the home of the local Bundesliga team, 1. FC Köln. The stadium was one of five stadiums hosting both the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup and 2006 FIFA World Cup, and hosted the 2020 UEFA Europa League Final behind closed doors. Local energy company RheinEnergie AG currently holds the naming rights to the stadium, hence it was known as the Stadion Köln for the final.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles (1919), the fortifications of Cologne were removed, thus allowing for the building of a new structure in the surrounding area. The new construction enabled the city to create 15,000 jobs. The new stadium was called the Müngersdorfer Stadion. This allowed Cologne not only to help stabilize the country but also to gain prestige and economic benefits for the city. The cost was tallied at 47.4 million Deutsche Mark.
Following the completion of the stadium, the city began to gain prominence in the domestic sports world. Many major football matches were held at the stadium in front of huge crowds. The first international match was held on 20 November 1927, when the German national football team drew 2–2 with the Netherlands. Since then, the German team has played 19 times at the stadium, and only one of those matches resulted in a loss. Another notable match was the first post-war game, which saw 1. FC Nürnberg beat 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2–1, in front of a crowd of 75,000.
One of the specialties of the Müngersdorfer Stadion was the track meets for non-professional sportsmen. In 1929 there were over 38,000 participants. However, in 1933 Jews were no longer allowed to take part. After the war the stadium has only hosted professional level sports.
Recent matches of importance
The Müngersdorfer has been host to many important UEFA Cup matches. Bayer Leverkusen played against Barcelona, and Galatasaray against Monaco in the 1988–89 European Cup. Borussia Mönchengladbach played both Arsenal and Monaco in the 1996–97 UEFA Cup. The stadium also functioned as the home ground to second-tier Alemannia Aachen in their 2004–05 UEFA Cup campaign.
Following the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, the 2020 UEFA Europa League Final was moved from the Stadion Energa Gdańsk in Gdańsk, Poland to the RheinEnergieStadion, to be played behind closed doors. Sevilla won the match, defeating Inter Milan 3–2.
In July 2004, the RheinEnergieStadion was awarded a bronze medal for distinguished sporting and leisure facilities by the International Olympic Committee.
There have been two renovations, from 1972 to 1975 and from 2002 to 2004.
In 1974, the World Cup was held in West Germany, and Cologne had wanted to be a host city. The city's bid was approved and it soon began work on a new stadium that was to replace the now outdated Müngersdorfer Stadion. However, the city was unable to raise the money needed for a stadium of the desired size. The original plan was for an 80,000-seat arena, which was planned to have cost 23.5 million Deutsche Mark. But the total kept growing. In the end, if the stadium had been completed, the cost would have amounted to 93.5 million. At the time, the city was able to provide only an extra 6 million Deutsche Mark.
Following the World Cup, Cologne still wanted the stadium completed. Hence, on 12 November 1975, a 61,000-seat arena was inaugurated with a match between 1. FC Köln and SC Fortuna Köln, 1. FC Köln winning 1–0. In this configuration the stadium hosted the UEFA Euro 1988.
With the news of the prospect of bringing the World Cup back to Germany, the city reacted and started renovation of the stadium, which was completed in 2003. Unlike previous configurations, there are no track-and-field facilities, allowing spectators to be much closer to the pitch than they might have been in a traditional continental multi-purpose stadium.
The capacity is about 50,000 people during club matches and 45,965 for international games, when terracing is not allowed. The entire field is lit with a floodlight system. In the north grandstand there is a museum dedicated to 1. FC Köln.
|Height to Roof||33.25 m|
|Roof Area||15,400 m2|
2006 FIFA World Cup
The stadium was one of the venues for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. However, due to sponsorship contracts, the arena was called "FIFA World Cup Stadium Cologne" during the World Cup.
The following games were played at the stadium during the World Cup of 2006:
|Date||Time (CET)||Team #||Res.||Team #2||Round||Attendance|
|11 June 2006||21:00||Angola||0–1||Portugal||Group D||45,000|
|17 June 2006||17:00||Czech Republic||0–2||Ghana||Group E||45,000|
|20 June 2006||18:00||Sweden||2–2||England||Group B||45,000|
|23 June 2006||20:00||Togo||0–2||France||Group G||45,000|
|26 June 2006||21:00||Switzerland||0–0 (0–3p)||Ukraine||Round of 16||45,000|
The stadion is part of Sportpark Müngersdorf, adjacent to Aachener Straße. It is accessible by car via the Cologne Beltway, only some 1200 m off the Bundesautobahn 1. The Cologne Stadtbahn provides service at Rheinenergie-Stadion.
Michael Jackson performed at the stadium three times. The first was on 3 July 1988 during the Bad Tour, the second on July 11, 1992, during the Dangerous World Tour and the third was on 3 June 1997 during the HIStory World Tour. The singer performed for over 150 000 fans at this stadium. Only Billie Jean was leaked on the internet as an pro footage for July 11, 1992 and as an audio for June 3, 1997.
German Rock Band Unheilig performed their final concert at the stadium on September 10, 2016.
- 1500 to 1850: Ulrich Pfister, 2010. "Consumer prices and wages in Germany, 1500 - 1850," CQE Working Papers 1510, Center for Quantitative Economics (CQE), University of Muenster. 1851-1882: Coos Santing, 2007, Inflation 1800-2000, data from OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Economic Outlook. Historical Statistics and Mitchell, B. R. International Historical Statistics, Africa, Asia and Oceania 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, International Historical Statistics, Europe 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998, and International Historical Statistics, The Americas 1750-1993 London : Macmillan ; New York : Stockton, 1998. After 1883, German inflation numbers based on data available from Deutsches Statistisches Bundesamt.
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