|Rector of University of St Andrews|
|Member of||University Court|
|Appointer||Elected by all the matriculated students of the University|
|Term length||3 years|
|Constituting instrument||Universities (Scotland) Act 1858|
|Formation||1858 (in modern form)|
|First holder||Sir Ralph Anstruther, 4th Bt.|
The Rector is elected every three years by the matriculated students of the University. The current office of Rector, sometimes termed Lord Rector, was instituted by the Universities (Scotland) Act 1858, passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Universities (Scotland) Acts regulate the governance of the ancient universities of Scotland, and require the election of a Rector for the universities of Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, and St Andrews.
Since 1970 the Rector has appointed a student as Rector's Assessor, who is a full voting member of the University Court, and also serves as a member of the students' representative council. As of February 2021 the Rector's Assessor was Stella Maris.
To this day it is only the four ancient universities of Scotland: University of St Andrews, University of Glasgow, University of Aberdeen, and University of Edinburgh, as well as the University of Dundee, that elect a rector, whereas modern universities do not.
List of rectors
- Governance of the University of St Andrews
- Chancellor of the University of St Andrews
- Principal of the University of St Andrews
- "Rector | University of St Andrews". www.st-andrews.ac.uk. University of St Andrews. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
- "The Scottish University Rector – Introduction to the role of University Rector in Scotland" (PDF). abdn.ac.uk. Scottish Rectors' Group. 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
- "Universities (Scotland) Act 1858", legislation.gov.uk, The National Archives, 1858 c. 83
- "Rector's Assessor". yourunion.net. University of St Andrews Students' Association. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
- "The Acts, Ordinances and Resolutions Affecting the University of St Andrews" (PDF). st-andrews.ac.uk. University of St Andrews. February 2017. p. 83. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
- "Previous rectors". yourunion.net. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
- "Rectorial Installation at St Andrews". The Glasgow Herald. 1 April 1939. p. 15. Retrieved 6 September 2017.