A rapporteur is a person who is appointed by an organization to report on the proceedings of its meetings. The term is a French-derived word.
Rapporteur of the European Parliament
The rapporteur is an eminent role in the legislative process of the European Parliament (EP). They are a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) responsible for handling a legislative proposal – both procedurally and with regard to its substance – on behalf of the European Commission, the Council of the European Union or the EP. Based on the relevant proposal, the rapporteur is appointed by the relevant Committees of the European Parliament charged with drawing up a legislative recommendation for the EP to vote on. The rapporteur, therefore, has a substantial influence in the process leading to the adoption of EU-legislation.
Their key-functions are:
- Analyze the proposal and, based on this, draft an EP Own-initiative Report
- Lead discussion within the relevant Committee
- Consult with third party specialists and parties affected
- Recommend the political line to be followed
- Present the report to the EP Plenary
- Lead negotiations with European Commission or European Council, where needed.
Shadow rapporteur of the European Parliament
Political groups within the committee in charge with drawing up a legislative recommendation may appoint a shadow rapporteur to represent their views.
- A rapporteur - the person who presents reports to Parliament Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- What is a rapporteur? Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- The roles of a rapporteur Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Shadow rapporteur Retrieved 1 April 2019.
(References:) Oxford Online Dictionary