The Quebec Senior Hockey League (QSHL) was an ice hockey league that operated from 1941 to 1959 , based in Quebec, Canada. The league played senior ice hockey under the jurisdiction of the Quebec Amateur Hockey Association until 1953, when it became professional and operated as the Quebec Hockey League (QHL).
The origins of the Quebec Senior Hockey League (QSHL) rest with the Quebec Amateur Hockey Association (QAHA) which grew out of the Inter-Provincial Amateur Hockey Union which began play in Quebec from 1908. The bulk of the teams that formed the QSHL were part of the Montreal Senior Group of the QAHA. The QAHA re-organized its senior league for 1941 and the QSHL was formed.
The QAHA sought a more equal distribution of talent among teams in the QSHL in 1942, and passed a resolution which limited teams to signing no more than four players who had been in the National Hockey League during the previous season. QAHA vice-president Lionel Fleury sought a similar rule for all of Canada. In November 1944, the QSHL was at odds with the Ottawa District Hockey Association which denied permission for a team from Hull, Quebec to play in the QSHL. George Dudley mediated the dispute and decided that no players would be suspended from the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) while talks were ongoing.
The QSHL and other senior leagues requested a new deal with the CAHA and complained that their players were too costly to obtain and could easily leave since no contractual commitment was required. In 1950, the CAHA decided that its five best calibre senior leagues would compete for a new trophy at a higher level than the Allan Cup. The Alexander Cup became the championship trophy of the Major Series. The 1951 Valleyfield Braves and the 1952 Quebec Aces won the Alexander Cup.
The Ottawa Senators contested that according to the Major Series agreement, the handling of player eligibility questions and infractions of rules should be done by the CAHA instead of the QAHA. CAHA president W. B. George conducted discussions in December 1952, which resulted in recommended changes to the QSHL constitution and assertion of CAHA control over the Major Series.
In May 1953, the league decided to leave the CAHA by resigning from the QAHA, which was itself under suspension from the CAHA. After leaving the CAHA, the team owners voted to become professional to protect their player contracts. However, QSHL players who had signed forms with NHL clubs to play professionally, could not sign with the new QHL teams. The players who signed QHL contracts became QHL team property and their contracts could be sold or traded to NHL or other professional leagues.
The QHL disbanded following the 1958–59 season, with the Hull-Ottawa Canadiens, Montreal Royals and Trois-Rivières Lions going to the Eastern Professional Hockey League and the Quebec Aces heading to the American Hockey League.
List of QSHL/QHL teams
Montreal Senior Group
- McGill University Redmen
- Montreal Junior Canadiens
- Montreal Royals (1933–41)
- Montreal Victorias (1908–1939)
- Ottawa Senators (1934–41)
- Quebec Aces (1936–41)
- Boston Olympics (1947–49) †Played a split schedule between the QSHL and the EAHL
- Chicoutimi Sagueneens (1949–59)
- Cornwall, Ontario Flyers (1941–?)
- Hull Volants (1944–46)
- Hull-Ottawa Canadiens (1956–57) †Played a split schedule between the QSHL and the OHA Senior A league.
- Chicoutimi Sagueneens (1949–59)
- Montreal Royals (1941–59)
- Montreal Junior Canadiens (1941–)
- Montreal Pats (1941–42)
- New York Rovers (1947–49) †Played a split schedule between the QSHL and the EAHL
- Ottawa RCAF Flyers - (1942–1943)
- Ottawa Senators/Ottawa Commandos (1941–54)
- Quebec Aces (1941–59)
- Shawinigan Falls Cataracts (1945–53)
- Shawinigan Cataracts (1954–58)
- Sherbrooke St. Francis (1948–49)
- Sherbrooke Saints (1949–54)
- Springfield Indians (1953–54)
- Trois-Rivières Lions (1955–59)
- University of Montreal (1943–44)
- Valleyfield Braves (1945–55)
List league winners
Amateur QSHL: 1941–42 through 1952–53
Semi-professional QHL: 1953–54 through 1958–59
|1941–42||Cornwall Flyers, Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Pats, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces||Ottawa Senators(Season), Quebec Aces(Playoffs)|
|1942–43||Cornwall Flyers, Montreal Army, Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Commandos, Ottawa RCAF Flyers, Quebec Aces||Ottawa Commandos|
|1943–44||Cornwall Army(withdrew), Montreal RCAF(withdrew), Montreal Royals, Ottawa Commandos, Quebec Aces, University of Montreal||Quebec Aces|
|1944–45||Hull Volants, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Commandos, Quebec Aces||Quebec Aces|
|1945–46||Hull Volants, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Montreal Royals|
|1946–47||Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Montreal Royals|
|1947–48||Boston Olympics, Montreal Royals, New York Rovers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Ottawa Senators|
|1948–49||Boston Olympics, Montreal Royals, New York Rovers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke St. Francis, Valleyfield Braves||Ottawa Senators|
|1949–50||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke Saints, Valleyfield Braves||Sherbrooke Saints|
|1950–51||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke Saints, Valleyfield Braves||Valleyfield Braves|
|1951–52||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Sherbrooke Saints, Valleyfield Braves||Quebec Aces|
|1953–54||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Aces, Sherbrooke Saints, Springfield Indians, Valleyfield Braves||Chicoutimi Sagueneens (Season), Quebec Aces (Playoffs)|
|1954–55||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa Senators(withdrew), Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Valleyfield Braves||Shawinigan Cataracts (Season and Playoffs)|
|1955–56||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Shawinigan Cataracts (Season), Montreal Royals (Playoffs)|
|1956–57||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Ottawa-Hull Jr. Canadiens, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Quebec Aces (Seasons and Playoffs)|
|1957–58||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Quebec Aces, Shawinigan Cataracts, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Chicoutimi Sagueneens (Season), Shawinigan Cataracts (Playoffs)|
|1958–59||Chicoutimi Sagueneens, Montreal Royals, Quebec Aces, Trois-Rivieres Lions||Montreal Royals (Season and Playoffs)|
- "Barber-Poles Triumph by 4-1 on Local Ice". Ottawa Citizen. November 3, 1941. p. 11.
- Griffith, Owen (October 17, 1942). "Branch Is Urging C.A.H.A. Adopt Plan". The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. p. 16.
- "Early Solution in League Dispute is Likelihood Soon". Brandon Daily Sun. Brandon, Manitoba. November 6, 1944. p. 4.
- "Super League To Discuss Contracts". Winnipeg Tribune. Winnipeg, Manitoba. June 15, 1950. p. 24.
- "Senior Setup To Be Aired". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. June 15, 1950. p. 29.
- "Alexander Trophy For Major Series". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. November 20, 1950. p. 10.
- "The Alexander Cup". Society for International Hockey Research. October 18, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
- "Slater and Dudley To Discuss Major Series Item Tomorrow". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. December 5, 1952. p. 24.
- Shields, Tommy (December 8, 1952). "Round and About". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. p. 20.
- Wheatley, W. R. (June 11, 1953). "NHL, CAHA To Sever Relations". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 22.
- Wheatley, W. R. (June 11, 1953). "National Loop Terminates Agreement". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. p. 6.
- "Senior League Bolts from QAHA Ranks; Goes Independent". The Globe and Mail. March 9, 1953. p. 20.
- "McMahon's Overtime Counter Puts Capital City Team Out; Affair Cut Short By Mixup". Ottawa Citizen. March 21, 1942. p. 12.