A primer (in this sense usually pronounced //, sometimes //) is a first textbook for teaching of reading, such as an alphabet book or basal reader. The word also is used more broadly to refer to any book that presents the most basic elements of any subject.
The Latin Enschedé Abecedarium of the late 15th century, translated into English as the Salisbury Prymer, has been identified as the earliest example of a printed primer. It presented the alphabet and several Catholic prayers.
Other historical examples of primers for children include:
- The New England Primer (1680s)
- McGuffey Readers (1836) in the US
- Bala Potam (Lessons for Children, 1850 & 1851) by Arumuka Navalar in Sri Lanka
- Al-Qiraa Al-Khaldouniya in 1923 by Sati' al-Husri in Arabic
- Alfudbei Nwe in 1951 by Ibrahim Amin Baldar in Kurdish