Prevoicing, in phonetics, is voicing before the onset of a consonant or beginning with the onset of the consonant but ending before its release. In the extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet for speech pathology, prevoicing is transcribed with a voicing diacritic ( ̬, U+032C) placed in front of the consonant, as in [ ��d].
In several Khoisan languages of Southern Africa, such as Taa and !Kung, stops such as /dzʰ/ ([dsʰ] or [dtsʰ]) and /dzʼ/ ([dsʼ] or [dtsʼ]) are sometimes analyzed as being prevoiced / ̬tsʰ/ and / ̬tsʼ/, though the cessation of voicing has also been analyzed as phonetic detail in the transition of a phonemically voiced consonant to its voiceless aspiration or ejection. (See aspirated voiced consonant and voiced ejective.)
Kelabit has a similar set of aspirated voiced consonants. Not all speakers produce the aspiration, resulting in prevoiced (or mixed voiced) [b͡p, d͡t, ɡ͡k] (or equivalently [ ̬p, ̬t, ̬k], and neighboring Lun Dayeh has [b͡p, d͡tʃ, ɡ͡k] (= [ ̬p, ̬tʃ, ̬k].
- Kehrein, Wolfgang. (2002). Phonological representation and phonetic phasing. Tübingen: Niemeyer.