15 October 1949
|Occupation||Executive co-chairperson, NDTV|
|Awards||Asian Television Award; Red Ink Awards|
Prannoy Roy (born 15 October 1949) is an Indian economist, chartered accountant, psephologist, journalist and author. He is the executive co-chairperson of NDTV and is considered to be one of its co-founders, along with his wife Radhika Roy. NDTV was the first independent news network in India. Prannoy Roy is also credited for pioneering opinion polls in the country.
Early life and education
Prannoy Roy was born in Calcutta, West Bengal on 15 October 1949, to P. L. "Hurricane" Roy, a Bengali executive at a multinational corporation in the city. His paternal grandfather was Paresh Lal Roy, a traffic superintendent and an amateur boxer, known as the "father of Indian boxing" for having popularised the sport in the country. Paresh Lal gave his grandson Prannoy the nickname of "Tempest" when he was a child.
Roy was being sent to The Doon School, a boy's boarding school in Dehradun, Uttar Pradesh. He was at the boarding school during his teenage years when he met Radhika Das, whom he would later marry. Radhika, the daughter of a Bengali engineer was also from the city of Calcutta and was sent to the Welham Girls' School, another boarding school in Dehradun. 
Prannoy and Radhika moved to London, United Kingdom for their higher education. Prannoy had received a Haileybury and Imperial Service College scholarship to acquire the A-level higher secondary certificate. Following his schooling, he enrolled at the Queen Mary University of London and graduated in 1973 with first class honours in economics. He then became a certified chartered accountant and a fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales in 1975. Prannoy and Radhika also got married in London and then returned to India, settling down in Delhi.
In India, Prannoy continued his studies at the Delhi School of Economics from where he attained a PhD in agricultural economics in 1978. Following his doctorate, Roy became a consultant at PricewaterhouseCoopers India where he worked from 1979 till 1983. Roy is described to have been passionate about election results since his childhood and had produced his first election forecast for the 1977 Indian general election. The forecast was published by the Mainstream magazine and had predicted a victory for the Janata Party. In the 1980s, he began collaborated with the Oxford political scientist David Butler and Indian economist Ashok Lahiri in an effort to mainstream the field of psephology in India. The collaboration produced three book and Roy became an election analysts for the India Today magazine. For the 1984 Indian general election, Roy produced an extremely accurate election forecast which predicted an Indian National Congress victory with 400 seats. The prediction earned him the reputation of being the most successful psephologist in India. Roy is credited for pioneering opinion polling in India between 1980 and 1995.
New Delhi Television Ltd (NDTV) was founded in 1984 as a production firm for international news broadcasters and the public service broadcaster Doordarshan. Radhika and Prannoy Roy are considered to be the co-founders of the company, however Prannoy states that Radhika was the original founder as he joined the company later. Radhika Roy was working as a journalist at The Indian Express and then at the India Today magazine before becoming the founder of NDTV. Doordarshan was initially wary of allowing private production houses to cover domestic news, and NDTV was contracted to produce a weekly international news programme called The World This Week for the public broadcaster. The weekly was instant success among its Indian audience and attained one of the highest viewerships on Doordarshan.
Prannoy Roy in the meantime worked as an associate professor for an year in 1985 at the Delhi School of Economics. In 1986–1987 he was hired in a team of economists to build a macro-econometric model of India for the Ministry of Finance, the model is the largest of its kind. Doordarshan eventually contracted NDTV to cover the general election results and budget session specials. The first televised coverage of an election result in India was produced by NDTV for the 1989 Indian general election. Roy began his career as a television journalist by covering the general election for Doordarshan. Following which, he also began appearing as a news presenter in The World This Week programme. Both the election results coverage and the international news show were widely successful. According to Roy, it was not difficult to appear good in comparison to Doordarshan which he described as more radio than television and that the time period was the most "newsiest" in television history.
NDTV requested for and received a contract from Doordarshan to produce a daily news bulletin on domestic affairs called The News Tonight on its second channel in 1995. The Roys who were the promoters of the company sought and acquired investments from several Indian businesses for the company in order to produce the show, among its investors was the multinational Tata Group. Later, the company also received contracts to produce shows such as The News Hour and Good Morning India for Doordarshan. Prannoy Roy was the news presenter for the NDTV bulletins and became the face of thee NDTV brand in the process. His wife, Radhika Roy kept a low profile in comparison, being more invested in the editorial and production processes of the company.
In 1998, NDTV entered into a 5 year exclusive partnership with Star India to launch the country's first independent 24x7 news channel. In the previous year, the incumbent director general of Doordarshan had also quit the public broadcaster and jointed it's multinational rival, the Star network. These developments created animosity in the government and a parliamentary committee was set up to scrutinise the activities of the former director general which alleged that there were "irregularities" in the contracts with NDTV. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) filed a number of cases against former officials of the public broadcaster including the director general and against Prannoy Roy who was the managing director of NDTV. The cases went on for several years in the form of a protracted conflict, until a court judgement in 2013 which acquitted all the accused of the charges, stating that there was no evidence of any wrongdoing.
Radhika Roy who was the chairperson of the company became the managing director in 1998 and Prannoy Roy who was the managing director became the chairman. The partnership with Star India came to an end in 2003. NDTV became an independent news broadcaster in the same year with the launch of two news channels NDTV 24x7 and NDTV India. The company went public in May 2004 and by the end of the year had the highest market capitalisation among media companies. Roy along with his wife were designated as the executive co-chairpersons of NDTV after 2011.
NDTV started facing government pressure through litigations and intimidation of advertisers on the network after Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister in 2014. The pressure was noted to be a part of diminishing media freedom in the country with similar tactics used against uncooperative news publications. The news network of NDTV had reported critically about state involvement in the 2002 Gujarat riots where over a 1,000 people were killed. The government attempted to ban the Hindi news channel NDTV India in 2016 and retracted following backlash including cross media protests from journalists. In 2017, the residence of the Roys at Greater Kailash, Delhi were raided by the CBI, after a NDTV journalist had questioned statements made by a ruling party spokesperson. The Editor's Guild of India and journalists unions called it an attack on press freedom.
In 2019, Prannoy Roy collaborated with the psephologist Dorab Sopariwala and published a new book called the The Verdict: Decoding India’s Elections. Meanwhile the litigations surrounding NDTV continued and in June, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) barred Prannoy and Radhika Roy from holding managerial or board positions in the company for a period of 2 years over alleged withholding of information in loan agreements. The order was appealed against and stayed by the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT). In December 2020, SEBI imposed a fine on the Roys worth ₹27 crore (US$3.8 million). SAT directed the Roys to deposit 50% of the sum as conditional to a second hearing. The company moved to the Supreme Court of India (SCI) which exempted them from the deposits. Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud remarked that it was "brash" for the tribunal to have demanded it.
His academic awards include the Leverhulme Trust (UK) Fellowship, Queen Mary Prize for results at BSc and an OPOS Scholarship at the Doon School to study at Haileybury College.
- Butler, David; Lahiri, Ashok; Roy, Prannoy (1984). A Compendium of Indian Elections. Arnold-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-391-03200-2.
- Butler, David; Lahiri, Ashok; Roy, Prannoy (1989). India Decides: Elections 1952–1989. Living Media India.
- Butler, David; Lahiri, Ashok; Roy, Prannoy (1995). India Decides: Elections 1952–1995. Books & Things. ISBN 978-81-900612-0-9.
- Roy, Prannoy; Sopariwala, Dorab R. (2019). The Verdict: Decoding India's Elections. Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0-670-09226-0.
- "Smart People". Business Standard (published 6 February 2013). 19 April 2004. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- Kaushik, Krishn (1 December 2015). "The Tempest". The Caravan. p. 2. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
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- Vardhan, Anand (20 May 2019). "Prannoy Roy and Dorab Sopariwala's new book chronicles change and continuity in India's electoral scene". Newslaundry. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- Shrivastava, K M (2010). Broadcast Journalism in the 21st Century. Sterling Publishing. pp. 36–37. ISBN 978-81-207-3597-2.
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- Kaushik, Kshama; Dutta, Kaushik (2012). India Means Business: How the elephant earned its stripes. Oxford University Press. pp. 277–281. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072614.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-908851-5 – via Oxford Scholarship Online.
- Batabyal, Somnath (2014). Making News in India: Star News and Star Ananda. Routledge. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-317-80972-2.
- Painter, James, ed. (2013). "India's Media Boom: The Good News and the Bad" (PDF). Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism: 1–19.
- Sen, Biswarup; Roy, Abhijit (2014). Channeling Cultures: Television Studies from India. Oxford University Press. pp. 160–165. ISBN 978-0-19-809205-6 – via Oxford Scholarship Online.
- Kohli-Khandekar, Vanita (25 July 2019). The Making of Star India: The Amazing Story of Rupert Murdoch's India Adventure. Penguin Random House. pp. 31–32. ISBN 978-93-5305-598-1.
- Bajpai, Shailaja (24 July 2016). "The World Came Home: The history of television in India". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
- "Power Women". The Financial Express. 30 December 2007.
- Kohli-Khandekar, Vanita (25 July 2019). The Making of Star India: The Amazing Story of Rupert Murdoch's India Adventure. Penguin Random House. pp. 48–50. ISBN 978-93-5305-598-1.
- "CBI case against Prannoy Roy". The Indian Express. 20 January 1998. Archived from the original on 16 April 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
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- "Notice" (PDF). NDTV. 27 September 2012.
- Paterson, Chris A.; Sreberny, Annabelle (2004). International News in the 21st Century. University of Luton Press. pp. 114–117. ISBN 978-1-86020-596-5.
- Shirsat, B. G.; Krishnakumar, Aparna (13 August 2005). "Media industry valuations hit the roof". Business Standard. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- Goel, Vindu; Gettleman, Jeffrey; Khandelwal, Saumya (2 April 2020). "Under Modi, India's Press Is Not So Free Anymore". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Subramanian, N. Sundaresha (13 June 2017). "NDTV raid: Of Prannoy Roy, freedom of the press and the business of media". Business Standard. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
- Krishnan, Murali (7 November 2016). "'Ridiculous and arbitrary' – Indian journalists slam NDTV ban". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
- Venu, M. K. (8 November 2016). "The Creeping Erosion of Free Expression". The Wire. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
- "Falling in line: India's raucous democracy is becoming more subdued". The Economist. 24 June 2017. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Jaffrelot, Christophe; Kohli, Atul; Murali, Kanta (2019). Business and Politics in India. Oxford University Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-19-091246-8 – via Oxford Scholarship Online.
- "SEBI bars Prannoy, Radhika Roy from NDTV board". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 14 June 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 17 December 2020.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Modak, Samie (18 June 2019). "SAT stays Sebi's order asking Prannoy, Radhika to step down from NDTV". Business Standard. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
- "SEBI fines NDTV's Prannoy Roy and Radhika Roy Rs 27 crore for 'violating regulatory norms'". Scroll.in. 25 December 2020. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
- "SAT directs NDTV's Prannoy and Radhika Roy to deposit ₹8.5 crore before it hears them further". Business Line. 11 January 2021. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
- "NDTV's Prannoy, Radhika Roy exempted from making deposit for hearing appeals against SEBI penalty". Scroll.in. 15 February 2021. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
- "Supreme Court stays recovery of Rs 27 crore penalty imposed by SEBI on Radhika Roy, Prannoy Roy". Newslaundry. 26 May 2021. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
- PTI (26 April 2015). "NDTV's Prannoy Roy bags RedInk award for lifetime achievement". Business Standard India. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
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