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Thanon Phet Kasem
|Length||1,274 km (792 mi)|
|South end||Sadao checkpoint, Malaysia–Thailand border|
|Major cities||Nakhon Pathom, Chumphon, Phatthalung, Hat Yai, Sadao|
|Highways in Thailand
Phet Kasem Road (Thai: ถนนเพชรเกษม, RTGS: Thanon Phet Kasem, pronounced [tʰā.nǒn pʰét kā.sěːm]) or Highway 4 (Thai: ทางหลวงแผ่นดินหมายเลข 4, ) is one of the four primary highways in Thailand, along with Phahonyothin Road (Highway 1), Mittraphap Road (Highway 2), and Sukhumvit Road (Highway 3). At 1,274 km, it is the longest highway in Thailand.
The construction of the road was finished in 1950 and was named "Phet Kasem" on December 10, 1950 in honour Luang Phet Kasemwithisawasdi (Tham Phetkasem), formerly the seventh director deputy general of the State Highways Department. Before that, it had been called "Bangkok–Khlong Phruan Road" (ถนนกรุงเทพมหานคร–คลองพรวน). Luang Phet Kasemwithisawasdi was the royal scholar of the State Railway Department (now State Railway of Thailand). He studied civil engineering in England and returned to work for the State Railway Department and then transferred to the State Highways Department. Phet Kasem Road was built during the period when Luang Phet Kasemwithisawasdi was the deputy director general of the State Highways Department. The road was named under the policy of the government of Major General Por Phibunsongkhram who named the road after the chief engineer who supervised the construction and gave the instructions.
The provinces along the road are Samut Sakhon, Nakhon Pathom, Ratchaburi, Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Chumphon, Ranong, Phang Nga, Krabi, Trang, Phatthalung and Songkhla. It is linked to the North–South Expressway (NSE) of Malaysia at Sadao and Bukit Kayu Hitam passes.
- From Nakhon Pathom to Chumphon
- From Phatthalung to Ban Khu Ha
- From Hat Yai to Malaysia border at Bukit Kayu Hitam, where it connects to the North–South Expressway (Malaysia) and Federal Route 1
- ราชบัณฑิตยสถาน. อ่านอย่างไร และ เขียนอย่างไร ฉบับราชบัณฑิตยสถาน. พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 22. กรุงเทพฯ : ราชบัณฑิตยสถาน, 2557, p. 58.