|Directed by||K. S. Ravikumar|
|Written by||Crazy Mohan (dialogues)|
|Screenplay by||K. S. Ravikumar|
|Story by||Kamal Haasan|
|Produced by||P. L. Thenappan|
|Cinematography||Arthur A. Wilson|
Sri Rajlakshmi Film (P) Ltd
|Distributed by||Raaj Kamal Films International|
|28 June 2002|
Panchatanthiram (transl. Five Ruses) is a 2002 Indian Tamil-language comedy film directed by K. S. Ravikumar and written with Kamal Haasan and Crazy Mohan. The film features Kamal Haasan, Jayaram, Simran and Ramya Krishnan leading an ensemble cast that includes Ramesh Aravind, Sriman, Yugi Sethu, Urvashi, Aishwarya and Nagesh. Dialogues were written by Crazy Mohan.
Ramachandramurthy alias Ram. C. M. is a Canada-based Indian pilot and a womaniser. In the course of an aircraft hijacking, he meets passenger Mythili. Ram and Mythili stop the hijacking and save the passengers. Soon after, they fall in love and get married. Ram's four closest friends, Ayyapan Nair, Vedhantham Iyengar, Ganesh Hegde, and Hanumant Reddy attend the wedding.
After marriage, Ram quits his playboy character and remains faithful to Mythili. One day, when Ram prevents Hegde's ex-girlfriend, Nirmala, from committing suicide, Mythili misinterprets the situation as Ram having an affair with Nirmala. She then leaves him to be with her parents. Further misunderstanding occurs when he sets out to meet Mythili, drunk, in the middle of the night and enters the wrong house.
To take his mind off Mythili for a while, Ram's four friends drive him down to Bangalore and rent a room to hire a call girl, Maragathavalli, also known as Maggie. Ram, who is still not able to forget Mythili and does not wish to betray her, gets into a fight with Maggie. To salvage the situation, Vedhantham hurries back to Maggie's room, only to find Maggie dead. Panicking, Nair, Vedhantham, Hegde, and Reddy decide to discreetly dispose of the body in spite of Ram's pleas to call the police. They manage to roll the body in a blanket, dispose it in a dry river and drive back to Chennai to return to their normal lives.
Ram discovers a cache of diamonds inside Maggie's mobile phone. He does not report about it to the police, fearing he would be arrested for murdering Maggie, which he did not commit. A few days after, the friends get very nervous when they learn of a news article regarding the discovery of a corpse in the same area where they disposed Maggie's body. At that time, the wives of Ram's four friends plan to unite Ram and Mythili by holding a party on the traditional festival of Ugadi. The wives invite Mythili to the party to be reunited with Ram.
At the party, Maggie appears, demanding her diamonds back. Maggie then reveals the truth behind her death. The diamonds belong to a smuggler, and that she stole it from him for her own personal gain. She chose to merely fake her death as she realised that the diamonds would be temporarily safe in Ram's possession. She also blackmails Ram that she would reveal the truth about their rendezvous in Bangalore to Mythili if he does not give the diamonds back. The smuggler then arrives and kidnaps Maggie, Ram, and his friends. Mythili spots Ram and Maggie together. She again believes that Ram has not changed his ways. Mythili, along with an undercover police inspector, follows them.
While the smuggler demands his diamonds back, Mythili appears. Upon seeing Ram and Maggie together, she believes that Ram is having fun with Maggie along with his friends, when in reality Ram, Maggie and his friends are kidnapped and tied up by the smuggler. She swallows some sleeping pills, which turns out to be where Ram hid the diamonds. Mythili decides to commit suicide and runs away. Ram and his friends save her and help the undercover police inspector arrest Maggie and the smuggler. Mythili, on being informed by Ram of all that happened, promises to reform her suspicious ways. The two then reunite.
- Kamal Haasan as Ramachandramurthy (Ram. C. M/Ram)
- Jayaram as Ayyappan Nair
- Simran as Mythili
- Ramya Krishnan as Maragathavalli alias Maggie
- Ramesh Aravind as Ganesh Hegde
- Sriman as Hanumant Reddy
- Yugi Sethu as Vedhantham Iyengar
- Urvashi as Ammini Ayyappan Nair
- Aishwarya as Janaki Vedhantham Iyengar
- Sanghavi as Chamundi Ganesh Hegde
- Vidhya Venkatesh as Mrs. Hanumant Reddy
- Nagesh as Parthasarathy, Vedhantham's father-in-law
- Vijayakumar as Mythili's Father
- Kaikala Satyanarayana as Reddy
- Dubbing Janaki as Mrs. Reddy
- Manivannan as the diamond-smuggling boss
- Ramesh Khanna as Milkha Singh/Undercover Police Inspector
- Alphonsa as Smuggling boss' Mistress
- K. S. Ravikumar as Co-Pilot Kumar 
- Santhana Bharathi as Bharathi, a tenant in Mythili's house
- Kovai Sarala as Bharathi's wife
- Vasu Vikram as a Traffic Police
- Devayani as Nirmala, Ganesh Hegde's ex-girlfriend
- R. Neelakantan as Ammini's Father
- Master Bharath as Appu, Nair's son
- Scissor Manohar
The film marked the debut production of director K. S. Ravikumar's manager P. L. Thenappan, and the team initially planned a film starring Kamal Haasan with music composed by A. R. Rahman. Though recordings had taken place, Thenappan became apprehensive of the budget and chose to make a smaller budget film, meaning Deva replaced Rahman. Hence Panchathanthiram, a comedy about five friends, materialised instead. Originally Krishnamachari Srikkanth was supposed to essay the role later played by Yugi Sethu, but dropped out. Sethu signed on revealing that Kamal Haasan had approached him to be a part of his two previous films, Thenali (2000) and Pammal K. Sambandam (2002) too, which he did not take up. Simran was signed after appearing alongside Kamal Haasan in Pammal K. Sambandam, with which the latter was impressed.
The film started shoot in February 2002 and shot in Canada for seventeen days. In April 2002, Kamal Haasan was prevented from boarding a Los Angeles-bound flight in Toronto during the making of the film, with the security preventing him from passing due to his Islamic-sounding surname. In June 2002, the five friends in the film along with Deva took part in a promotional tour to publicise the soundtrack in Bangalore. The film faced trouble during censorship and parts of a song featuring Ramya Krishnan were subsequently cut.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
|Label||Sa Re Ga Ma|
The soundtrack of the film was composed by Deva, with lyrics written by Vairamuthu. The song "Vai Raja Vai" incorporates lyrics from the Hindi song "Aana Meri Jaan" from Shehnai (1947), while "Manmatha Leelai" was partly influenced by Linkin Park's "Points of Authority".
|1.||"Ennoda Kadhal"||Vairamuthu||Harini, Mano||4:48|
|2.||"Vandhaen Vandhaen"||Vairamuthu||Sujatha Mohan, Nithyasree Mahadevan, Kamal Haasan||5:40|
|3.||"Kadhal Piriyamal"||Vairamuthu||Kamal Haasan||5:58|
|4.||"Vai Raja Vai"||Vairamuthu||Srinivas, Shalini Singh||5:02|
|5.||"Manmatha Leelai"||Vairamuthu||Devan, Timothy, Mathangi||5:27|
The film released on 28 June 2002. It opened to positive reviews from critics, with the critic from The Hindu citing that Crazy Mohan's dialogue was "the mainstay", describing the film as "completely entertaining". The reviewer also praised the film's performances claiming that "with suitable slapstick, apt body language and timing and modulation that tickle, the veteran (Kamal Haasan) makes a mark yet again." Furthermore, reviewers from Screen magazine dubbed the film as a "clean comic-entertainer", adding that "director KS Ravikumar deserves a pat for weaving out a good screenplay based on Kamal Haasan's story idea and creating a laugh riot". Tulika of Rediff labelled the film as "a barrel of laughs".
The film was blockbuster and remained a cult classic in the comedy genre. Kamal Haasan distributed the film himself in the Karnataka region. A sequel to the film was planned and Ravikumar had hoped to film scenes on a cruise liner, but the project failed to take off. Elements from the proposed sequel were, however, used in Ravikumar's 2010 directorial film Manmadan Ambu, which also featured Haasan. This film met with mixed reviews and was an average grosser.
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