Kluge was raised in Berkeley Heights, New Jersey. He graduated from Kenyon College in Gambier in 1964 and teaches creative writing there now. He served in the Peace Corps from 1967 to 1969 in Micronesia.
He is the author of several novels, including Eddie and the Cruisers, Biggest Elvis (1997), A Season for War, MacArthur's Ghost, The Day I Die: A Novel of Suspense, Gone Tomorrow (2008), A Call from Jersey (2010), and The Master Blaster (2012).
Kluge's non-fiction work Alma Mater: A College Homecoming chronicles Kluge's time as a student and teacher at Kenyon College. The Edge of Paradise: America in Micronesia describes Kluge's return to Micronesia and his observations on how the American presence has affected the islands.
Two of Kluge's works have been made into films: Eddie and the Cruisers, based on his novel of the same name, and Dog Day Afternoon, written with Thomas Moore as a LIFE magazine article titled "The Boys in the Bank."
- Zatzariny, Tim. "ON THE ROAD AGAIN / 'EDDIE AND THE CRUISERS' MAKES ANOTHER COMEBACK", The Press of Atlantic City, June 27, 2000. Accessed February 27, 2011. "Kluge, 58, grew up in Berkeley Heights, Union County."
- Kluge, P.F; Moore, Thomas (September 22, 1972). "The Boys in the Bank". LIFE. 73 (12). p. 66.
- "Homosexual robs bank, asks release of 'wife'". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. August 23, 1972. p. 3.
- "Robber killed, 7 bank hostages freed". The Bulletin. (Bend, Oregon). UPI. August 23, 1972. p. 1.
- "FBI kills man, frees 7". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. August 23, 1972. p. 2.