|ABC Olympic broadcasts|
|Opening theme||"Bugler's Dream" (1968–1988)|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||10|
|Production location||Various Olympic venues (event telecasts and studio segments)|
|Production company||ABC Sports|
|Original network||ABC |
ABC's Wide World of Sports
|Original release||January 29, 1964 –|
February 28, 1988
|Preceded by||NBC Olympics (1964, 1972) |
CBS Olympics (1960)
|Followed by||NBC Olympics (1988–present) |
CBS Olympics (1992–1998)
The Olympic Games aired in the United States on the broadcast network ABC during the 1960s to the 1980s. ABC first televised the Winter Olympic Games in 1964, and the Summer Olympic Games in 1968. ABC last televised the Summer Olympics in 1984 and Winter Olympics in 1988.
While CBS aired both the 1960 Winter and Summer Games (marking the first time that the Olympics were broadcast on American television), by 1964, a different network showed the Winter Games: ABC. Roone Arledge won broadcast rights for his network and began a relationship with the "five rings" that would last over two decades. The program used many of the same production staff from ABC's Wide World of Sports, as well as the same host, Jim McKay, who moved to ABC from CBS in 1961. In 1968, ABC showed both the Winter Games and the Summer Games.
The 1964 Winter Games were in Innsbruck, Austria, and coverage was taped and flown by plane back to the United States. All of it was in black-and-white, but with most Winter Olympic events in the morning (local time), most TV coverage aired the day the events were held. A portion of the Closing Ceremony was televised live via satellite (Telstar, which had to be tracked and allowed about a 15-minute window between the U.S. and Europe when it was zooming over the Atlantic). Everything else was videotaped and flown to the U.S. via a Munich-London-New York route. There was little margin for error. If a flight was canceled, ABC had a tape of a U.S.-Romania hockey game, played the day before the Opening Ceremony and shipped over, ready to play. All went well and it never made the air.
ABC aired 16.5 hours of coverage of the Innsbruck Games, the majority of the coverage occurring outside of primetime.
By 1968, ABC was broadcasting the Olympics in full color, and satellites made possible live coverage of several events at the Winter Games in Grenoble, France and of nearly all of the network's coverage of the Summer Games in Mexico City. In reality, only the Opening Ceremony and the ladies figure skating final were televised live via satellite; most other coverage was satellited to ABC and run off tape from New York. The 1968 Winter Olympics were the first to be televised in color (except for a couple of events the French fed in black-and-white).
Highlighting the 1968 Winter Games was a dramatic sweep in men's alpine skiing by Frenchman Jean-Claude Killy, while the major highlight of the Summer Games was a world-record long jump by Bob Beamon of the United States, which happened to air live in the US.
Coverage of the 1972 Munich massacre
In 1972, NBC showed the Winter Games from Sapporo, Japan, then ABC returned to carry the Summer Games in Munich, Germany. It was during the Summer Games that Palestinian terrorists attacked the Olympic Village and killed 11 Israeli athletes. Although Chris Schenkel was the actual host of the Games that year, Arledge assigned the story to McKay largely because he was a local news anchor in Baltimore, Maryland prior to joining CBS (and later ABC). McKay was joined on set by ABC news correspondent (and former and future evening news anchor) Peter Jennings, and coverage continued for many hours, until the outcome was known. Howard Cosell went with the film crew to get interviews in the village.
When I was a kid my father used to say "Our greatest hopes and our worst fears are seldom realized." Our worst fears have been realized tonight. They have now said there were 11 hostages; two were killed in their rooms this morn-- yesterday morning, nine were killed at the airport tonight. They're all gone.— McKay, 1972
McKay later won an Emmy Award for his coverage. He stated in a 2003 HBO documentary about his life and career that he was most proud of a telegram he received from Walter Cronkite the day after the massacre praising his work.
Keith Jackson was also involved in ABC's coverage of the 1972 Summer Olympics and continued to contribute even when the attack by Palestinian terrorists transformed the coverage from that of a typical sporting event to a greater international and historical news event. In all, he covered a total of 10 Summer and Winter Olympic Games. Jackson covered swimming at the 1972 Summer Olympics and track and field at the 1976 Summer Games. He covered speed-skating during the 1980 Winter Olympics featuring Eric Heiden. He was offered the position of play-by-play for hockey, but turned it down (the position ultimately went to Al Michaels). Jackson called speed skating and ski jumping at the 1984 Winter Olympics. He covered basketball in 1984. He was the weekend afternoon host for ABC's final Olympics in 1988 from Calgary.
In the 1976 Summer Games in Montreal, and the 1984 games in Los Angeles, Howard Cosell was the main voice for boxing. Sugar Ray Leonard won the gold medal in his light welterweight class at Montreal, beginning his meteoric rise to a world professional title three years later. Cosell became close to Leonard, during this period, announcing many of his fights.
Chuck Mangione's instrumental song "Give It All You Got" was originally featured as the official theme of the 1980 Winter Olympics, held in Lake Placid, New York. ABC had used Mangione's recordings four years earlier during their coverage of the 1976 Summer Olympics, and then-ABC Sports president Roone Arledge asked the musician to create the theme song for the Winter games. Mangione also performed the song live at the Closing Ceremonies on February 24.
The 1980 Winter Olympics was the setting for the "Miracle on Ice", a medal-round men's ice hockey game in Lake Placid, New York, on February 22. The United States team, made up of amateur and collegiate players and led by coach Herb Brooks, defeated the Soviet team, which consisted of veteran professional players with significant experience in international play. The rest of the United States (except those who watched the game live on Canadian television) had to wait to see the game, as ABC decided to broadcast the late-afternoon game on tape delay in prime time. Sportscaster Al Michaels, who was calling the game on ABC along with former Montreal Canadiens goalie Ken Dryden, picked up on the countdown in his broadcast, and delivered his famous call:
ABC Sports also covered the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, and the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, USA. That year, Kathleen Sullivan became the first woman to serve as an in-anchor a telecast of the Olympic Games.
Since the 1988 Winter Games
After that, the network, at the insistence of new owner Capital Cities Communications (much to the chagrin of Roone Arledge's successor at ABC Sports, Dennis Swanson), opted not to bid for the rights to show any future Games. Subsequently, The Walt Disney Company acquired Capital Cities-ABC in 1995 and began the process of putting more effort into the branding of ABC's sports channel ESPN than of ABC Sports itself.
According to Al Michaels, ABC was in the running to purchase the broadcasting rights for the 1996 Summer Games from Atlanta. As a provision in his contract renewal with ABC back in 1992, in the event that ABC were to broadcast the Olympics again, Michaels would get to become the prime time anchor while Jim McKay would instead play an emeritus role. Ultimately though, NBC bought the rights to the Atlanta Games for $456 million, edging out ABC by $6 million.
In August 2008, ESPN, which produces sports broadcasts for ABC (branded as ESPN on ABC), stated that they would make a serious bid for the 2014 games in Sochi, Russia and the 2016 games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. However, NBC won the rights to American television coverage of the Olympics through the 2020 Summer Games.
As of May 7, 2014, NBC now holds control of the Olympic television coverage in the United States through the 2032 Summer Games.
Hours of coverage
|Year||Host||Hours of Coverage||Rights Fee|
|1964 Winter||Innsbruck, Austria||17.5 ||$597,000|
|1968 Winter||Grenoble, France||27||$2,500,000|
|1968 Summer||Mexico City, Mexico||43.75||$4,500,000|
|1972 Summer||Munich, Germany||62.75||$7,500,000|
|1976 Winter||Innsbruck, Austria||43.5||$10,000,000|
|1976 Summer||Montreal, Quebec, Canada||76.5||$25,000,000|
|1980 Winter||Lake Placid, United States||53.25||$15,500,000|
|1984 Winter||Sarajevo, Yugoslavia||63||$91,500,000|
|1984 Summer||Los Angeles, United States||180||$225,000,000|
|1988 Winter||Calgary, Alberta, Canada||94.5||$309,000,000|
|Year||Prime-Time Host||Daytime Host(s)||Late-Night Host(s)|
|Innsbruck 1964||Jim McKay|
|Grenoble 1968||Chris Schenkel and Jim McKay (opening and closing ceremonies only)|
|Mexico City 1968||Chris Schenkel|
|Innsbruck 1976||Jim McKay|
|Lake Placid 1980|
|Sarajevo 1984||Jim Lampley
|Donna de Varona|
|Los Angeles 1984||Frank Gifford
Donna de Varona
|Calgary 1988||Jim McKay (Monday-Friday)
Keith Jackson (weekends)
|Keith Jackson||Frank Gifford|
Kathie Lee Gifford
- Winter Olympic Games on ABC - Google Search (timeline)
- Summer Olympic Games on ABC - Google Search (timeline)
- Billings, A.C.; Angelini, J.R.; MacArthur, P.J. Olympic Television: Broadcasting The Biggest Show on Earth. Routledge. ISBN 9781138930322.
- Kelly, Christopher (7 January 2006). "Modern Munich lives with its contradictions". Statesman.com. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011.
- Abramson, Alan (5 September 2002). "Black September". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on 23 October 2005.
- The Tragedy of the Munich Games (DVD). ABC Sports. 2002.
- NSSA Hall Of Fame: 1986-1995 Inductees Archived August 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, National Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association, Accessed August 20, 2007.
- Andrew Krebs, Wide world of Jackson Archived December 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, The Daily Collegian, November 8, 1997.
- "Video". CNN. February 9, 1987. Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
- "I Never Played The Game", by Howard Cosell, 1985
- Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of #1 Adult Contemporary Hits (Billboard Publications)
- Mangione bio from chuckmangione.com
- "College kids perform Olympic miracle", ESPN.com
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- Chad, Reid, Tom, Tony (March 7, 1989). "WITH ITS ERA OF DOMINANCE PAST, ABC NOW LOOKS TO REGROUP". The Washington Post.
- Sandomir, Richard (February 21, 2010). "Michaels in the Studio: Unfamiliar, but Not a First". New York Times.
- Kramer, Staci D. (August 20, 2008). "ESPN Wants U.S. Rights For 2014, 2016 Olympics". paidContent.org. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06.
- Hiestand, Michael; Martzke, Rudy (April 22, 2003). "Bidding for the Olympics on TV". USA Today. USAToday.com.
- Mexico City 1968: Games of the XIX Olympiad" (1968) (TV mini-series)
- "Munich 1972: Games of the XX Olympiad" (1972) (TV mini-series)
- "XII Olympic Games at Innsbruck" (1976) ... Production Company
- "Montreal 1976: Games of the XXI Olympiad" (1976) (TV mini-series)
- 1980 XIII Olympic Winter Games Lake Placid (1980) (TV) ... Production Company
- "XIV Olympic Winter Games Sarajevo" (1984) ... Distributor (1984) (USA) (TV)
- "Los Angeles 1984: Games of the XXIII Olympiad" (1984) (TV series)
- The Official 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics Video (1988) (V)
- Jim McKay
- Stewart, Larry (February 26, 1988). "Even More to ABC's Problems at Calgary Than Meets the Eye". Los Angeles Times.
- ESPN.com : Search : olympics
- ABC News: Wide World of Sports Index
- "Olympic Commentators by Event History". Archived from the original on October 24, 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- The World Comes Together in Your Living Room: The Olympics on TV
- ESPN/ABC wants the Olympics, promises NO tape-delayed coverage
- Logos of Olympic Broadcasters - Part 2: 1960s