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Olga Vladimirovna Rozanova
July 22, 1882
Melenki, near Vladimir Oblast, Russia
|Died||November 7, 1918 (aged 36)|
|MoMA Celebrates 1913: Olga Rozanova’s Little Duck’s Nest…of Bad Words, Museum of Modern Art|
Olga Vladimirovna Rozanova (also spelled Rosanova, Russian: Ольга Владимировна Розанова) (22 June, 1886 – 7 November, 1918, Moscow) was a Russian avant-garde artist painting in the styles of Suprematism, Neo-Primitivism, and Cubo-Futurism.
Olga Rozanova was born in Melenki, a small town near Vladimir. Her father, Vladimir Rozanov, was a district police officer and her mother, Elizaveta Rozanova, was the daughter of an Orthodox priest. She was the family's fifth child; she had two sisters, Anna and Alevtina, and two brothers, Anatolii and Vladimir. Rozanova's father died in 1903, and her mother became the head of the household.
After arriving in Moscow, she attended the Bolshakov Art School, where she worked under Nikolai Ulyanov and sculptor Andrey Matveev. She audited courses at the Stroganov School of Applied Art in 1907 but was not accepted for admission. After this, she trained in the private studio of Konstantin Yuon. From 1907 to 1910, fellow drawing and painting students studying in these private studios included Lyubov Popova, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Aleksei Kruchenykh, and Serge Charchoune. Unlike most of the other female avant-garde artists, Rozanova was the only one who did not study abroad to learn about European art.
By 1910, she was fairly well-known in Russian art circles. She moved to St. Petersburg and joined Soyuz Molodyozhi (Union of Youth) in 1911. She became one of the most active members of this organization, which organized art exhibitions, lectures, and discussions. Two of her canvases, Nature-morte and The Cafe debuted at the second Soyuz Molodyozhi exhibition in April 1911. She would submit her canvases to their group exhibitions until 1913. Razanova briefly studied at the art school of Elizabeta Zvantseva, which housed many Russian art nouveau artists. In January 1912, her two works, Portrait and Still-Life, appeared at the next Soyuz Molodyozhi exhibition in January 1912. This exhibition was the first appearance of the Donkey's Tail, a Moscow-based artistic group led by Mikhail Larionov. Rozanova later traveled to Moscow to try to establish joint projects between the two groups; these negotiations proved to be unsuccessful. Soyuz Molodyozhi disbanded in 1914.
From 1913 to 1914, Cubo-Futurist ideas appeared in her work, but she appears to have been especially inspired by Futurism. Of all of the Russian Cubo-Futurists, Rozanova's work most closely upholds the ideals of Italian Futurism. During Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's visit to Russia in 1914, he was very impressed with her work. Rozanova later exhibited four works in the First Free International Futurist Exhibition in Rome, which took place from April 13 to May 25, 1914. Other Russian artists featured in the exhibition included Alexander Archipenko, Nikolai Kulbin, and Aleksandra Ekster.
She met the poet Aleksei Kruchenykh in 1912; he then introduced her to the Russian Futurist concept of zaum (translated as "beyonsence") poetry, a language with no fixed meanings and constant neologisms, which is probably used by birds. Rozanova would write her own poetry in that style, and also illustrated books of zaum poetry, two examples being A Little Duck's Nest of Bad Words and Explodity (both 1913). With Kruchenykh, she would invent a new kind of Futurist book, the samopismo, where the illustrations and the text would he literally connected.
Rozanova joined the avant-garde group Supremus that year, which was led by former fellow Cubo-Futurist Kazimir Malevich. By this time, her paintings has developed from the influences of Cubism and Futurism, and took an original departure into pure abstraction, where the composition is organized by the visual weight and relationship of color.
In the same year she exhibited at the 0,10 Exhibition, and, together with other Suprematist artists (Kazimir Malevich, Aleksandra Ekster, Nina Genke, Liubov Popova, Ksenia Boguslavskaya, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Ivan Kliun, Ivan Puni and others) worked at the Verbovka Village Folk Centre.
From 1917 to 1918 she created a series of non-objective paintings which she called tsv'etopis'. Her Non-objective composition, 1918 also known as Green stripe anticipates the flat picture plane and poetic nuancing of color of some Abstract Expressionists.
Rozanova also published literary works, which included the essay The Bases of the New Creation and the Reasons Why it is Misunderstood. This was written in response to critics of modern art and held that the world is a raw material - that it is the back of a mirror for the unreceptive soul and a mirror of images for the reflective soul. She maintained that the creation of pictures based on the "Abstract Principle" constitute three stages: the intuitive principle; the individual transformation of the visible; and, abstract creation. In her criticism of photography, Rozanova agreed with Oscar Wilde that photography is for the "servile artist".
Death and legacy
- In a Cafe (c.1911-1912) - One of Rozanova's earlier pieces, In a Cafe, depicts a man and a woman on opposing sides of a table, the man with his head in his hand and the women with a drink in hers. Rozanova makes use of vibrant colors and thick lines to create a piece with aspects of French avant-garde and Russian Neo-Primitivistic art.
- The Factory and the Bridge (c. 1913) - The Factory and the Bridge was included in the First Free International Futurist Exhibition in 1914. This piece had inspiration from the Italian Futurism movement, and its bright colors gives it an expressionist tone.
- Metronome (c. 1914) - A piece from the middle of her career, Metronome was displayed at the Last Futurist Exhibition 0,10 in Petrograd in 1915.
- Playing Cards series (1915) - One of her most famous works, the series represents the height of her artistic career. It consists of portraits of her peers set as designs for playing cards.
Hand Fan - Design for Verbovka (1917)
- Olga Rozanova. MoMA 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Amazons of the avant-garde : Alexandra Exter [and others]. Bowlt, John E., Drutt, Matthew., Deutsche Guggenheim Berlin. New York: Guggenheim Museum. 2000. ISBN 0892072253. OCLC 43879449.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Perloff, Nancy (2017). Explodity: Sound, Image, and Word in Russian Futurist Book Art. Getty Publications. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-60606-508-2.
- Gurianova, Nina (6 December 2012). Olga Rozanova and the Early Russian Avant-Garde 1910-1918. New York: Taylor and Francis. p. 135.
- "Olga Rozanova Biography, Life & Quotes". The Art Story. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- Sarabianov, Andrei D. "Olga Rozanova". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
- Gurianova, Nina (6 December 2012). Olga Rozanova and the Early Russian Avant-Garde 1910-1918. New York: Taylor and Francis. p. 6.
- Tedman, Gary (2012). Aesthetics & Alienation. John Hunt Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78099-302-7.
- Gurianova, Nina (6 December 2012). Olga Rozanova and the Early Russian Avant-Garde 1910-1918. New York: Taylor and Francis. p. 140.
- Gurianova, Nina (6 December 2012). Olga Rozanova and the Early Russian Avant-Garde 1910-1918. New York: Taylor and Francis. p. 152.
- "Olga Rozanova Biography – Olga Rozanova on artnet". www.artnet.com. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- Gurianova, Nina (2012). Exploring Color: Olga Rozanova and the Early Russian Avant-Garde 1910-1918. New York, NY: Routledge. p. 187. ISBN 978-905701192-4.
- Altintzoglou, Euripides (2018). Portraiture and Critical Reflections on Being. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-429-01670-7.
- Stepanova, Vavara (1919). Biograpficheskaia zametka o Rozanovoi. Moscow: Rodchenko and Stepanova Archive.
- "Olga Rozanova Artworks & Famous Paintings". The Art Story. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- "Olga Rozanova Paintings, Bio, Ideas". The Art Story. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- Russian avant-garde, Andrei Nakov, Art Data, 1986
- Abstract Art, Mel Gooding, Tate Publishing, 2001
- "Shishanov V.A. Vitebsk Museum of Modern Art history of creation and collection. 1918–1941. – Minsk: Medisont, 2007. – 144 p. (in Russian) Russian Books Catalog. Vitebskii muzei sovremennogo iskusstva : istoriia sozdaniia i kollektsii, (1918--1941), Visual Arts, Belarus, Минск, Belarus, Russian,
- Further Reading
- Tedman, Gary. Soviet Avant Garde Aesthetics, chapter from Aesthetics & Alienation. pp 203–229. Zero Books. 2012. ISBN 978-1-78099-301-0
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Olga Rozanova|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olga Rozanova.|
- 50 pictures of art-works by Olga Rozanova, on Wikiart
- Olga Vladimirovna Rozanov biography at the Wayback Machine (archived May 13, 2008)