|Ohio's 11th congressional district|
Ohio's 11th congressional district encompasses portions of Cuyahoga County and Summit County in the Northeast part of the state—including most of the majority-black precincts between Cleveland and Akron. The seat for the district in the United States House of Representatives is currently vacant, its most recent occupant, Marcia Fudge, having resigned in 2021 to join the Biden administration as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
Ohio has had at least 11 congressional districts since the 1820 Census. The district's current configuration dates from the 1990 Census, when most of the old 21st District was combined with portions of the old 20th District to form the new 11th District. Much of Akron was added to the district when the congressional map was redrawn after the 2010 Census, when Ohio lost two seats in the House of Representatives. With a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+30, it is Ohio's most Democratic district and the 19th most Democratic district in the nation.
It was one of several districts challenged in a 2018 lawsuit seeking to overturn Ohio's congressional map due to alleged unconstitutional gerrymandering. The lawsuit describes the 11th as "a detached shoulder blade with a robotic arm" extending from Cleveland to Akron.
Following Fudge's resignation on March 10, 2021, a special election will be held, with a primary on August 3 and a general election on November 2, as mandated by Ohio law. This is generally considered to be a safe Democratic seat, as in the last election on November 3, 2020, Fudge won with 80.1% of the vote.
Representative Stephanie Tubbs Jones served from 1999 through August 20, 2008, when she died in office. Ohio Governor Ted Strickland ordered a special election on November 18, 2008, to fill the remaining month of Jones's term. In addition, the seat was up for election during the November 4, 2008 general election, with the winner of that election to serve a full term beginning on January 6, 2009. Marcia L. Fudge—the mayor of Warrensville Heights (a Cleveland suburb)—won both the general and special elections and was sworn in on November 19, 2008.
Fudge served eight terms (an abbreviated first term that was the end of Tubbs's last term, followed by six full terms, and the beginning of another) when she resigned on March 10, 2021, to join President Joe Biden's cabinet as HUD Secretary. A special election to fill the vacancy will take place later in 2021.
Election results from presidential races
|2000||President||Al Gore 79% - George W. Bush 18%|
|2004||President||John Kerry 81% - George W. Bush 18%|
|2008||President||Barack Obama 82% - John McCain 17.2%|
|2012||President||Barack Obama 82.7% - Mitt Romney 16.5%|
|2016||President||Hillary Clinton 80.5% - Donald Trump 17.0%|
|2020||President||Joe Biden 79.8% - Donald Trump 19.2%|
List of members representing the district
This is an incomplete list of historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.
Historical district boundaries
- "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- Todd Ruger, "Voters Challenge Ohio Congressional Map as Partisan Gerrymander", Roll Call, May 23, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- Special election November 18, 2008 to fill remainder of term through January 3, 2009
- "2012 Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present