Nurul Izzah Anwar
نور العزة أنوار
|Vice-President of People's Justice Party|
28 November 2010 – 17 December 2018
|President||Wan Azizah Wan Ismail|
|Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat|
|2008–2018||Parti Keadilan Rakyat|
|2018–2019||Chair of the Consideration of Bills Select Committee|
Nurul Izzah binti Anwar
19 November 1980
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
|Political party||Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR)|
|Pakatan Harapan (PH)|
Pakatan Rakyat (PR)
Raja Ahmad Shahrir Iskandar Raja Salim
(m. 2003; div. 2015)
|Parents||Anwar Ibrahim |
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
|Alma mater||University Tenaga Nasional (BE)|
Johns Hopkins University (MA)
Nurul Izzah binti Anwar (Jawi: نور العزة بنت أنوار; born 19 November 1980) is a Malaysian politician. A member of the People's Justice Party (PKR), she is currently serving as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Permatang Pauh and was the former MP for Lembah Pantai from 8 March 2008 to 10 May 2018. Prior to being an MP, Nurul Izzah was and still is a strong proponent of human and civil rights with a special interest in prisoners of religious prejudice. She is the daughter of Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim, the current president of the PKR and Dato Seri Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, the Member of Parliament for Pandan.
Nurul Izzah is the daughter of Anwar Ibrahim, former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and current President of PKR. Her mother, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, was the outgoing President of the party and former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and also former Minister of Women, Family and Community Development.
Prior to entering politics, Nurul Izzah earned her master's degree from the School for Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University studying International Relations specializing in Southeast Asia Studies. Her bachelor's degree was in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the Universiti Tenaga Nasional where she graduated from in 2003, two days after her father, Anwar Ibrahim, was released from six years imprisonment.
Nurul Izzah's political career began with the creation of the People's Justice Party (KEADILAN or PKR) in 1999 where she played a vital role in its establishment and, up until December 2018, was on her second term as highest ranking Vice President Elect, as well as the party's Election Director – a post she holds jointly with Saifuddin Nasution Ismail (former Party Secretary-General).
Nurul Izzah is the founding member for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement Caucus; and Women's Caucus respectively. She also holds the position of Honorary Treasurer on behalf of the Inter-Parliamentary Union Malaysia. She has also moved the Parliamentary Bill in Malaysia's Parliament to Revoke Emergency Declarations in the country, including the eventual abolishment of the Internal Security Act – all of which were adopted by the Prime Minister six months later. Granted, other laws were then re-introduced, in line with Malaysia's semi-autocratic regime.
Nurul Izzah is also a Board of Director for the Centre of Reform, Democracy and Social Initiatives and has founded Akademi Manusiawi, a training centre for future activists and politicians.
Nurul Izzah has worked with a number of agencies and institutes on advocacy work, among them are the Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia (ABIM), Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM), Women Leaders International Forum (WLIF) and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES). She has in the past advocated on behalf of Malaysian political prisoners and Malaysian human rights movements at the international level, most noted being an intervention in the main session at the 55th Commission on Human Rights, Geneva.
In the 2008 general election, Nurul Izzah contested the seat of Lembah Pantai in Kuala Lumpur. There was speculation that she ran for the seat with the intention of handing it over to her father, who was disqualified from running for office until April 2008, though she quickly rejected such claims. The seat was defended by three-term incumbent Shahrizat Abdul Jalil, who was Minister for Women, Family and Community Development in the Barisan Nasional government. Initial reports suggested that Shahrizat would retain the seat, as she had been a popular minister, and in the 2004 election retained her seat with a majority of 15,288. However, on polling day, Nurul Izzah won 21,728 votes to Shahrizat's 18,833, and was elected as the new MP for Lembah Pantai. The defeat of the powerful three-term incumbent by a new face was one of the many surprises in the 2008 election, which saw significant losses of parliamentary seats by the ruling party. When her father returned to electoral politics he did so by replacing his wife and Nurul Izzah's mother, Wan Azizah, in a by-election for the Penang-based seat of Permatang Pauh.
In November 2010, Nurul Izzah was elected one of the vice-presidents of Parti Keadilan Rakyat. She was narrowly returned to Parliament in the 2013 election. The governing Barisan Nasional coalition had targeted her by fielding the incumbent Federal Territories Minister Raja Nong Chik Zainal Abidin as its candidate against her in a high-profile campaign.
In November 2015, Princess Jacel Kiram and Nurul Izzah posted a photo demanding Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak to free opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim which was received negatively in the media, prompting Nurul Izzah to apologize.
Nurul Izzah married Raja Ahmad Shahrir on 9 May 2003, and has two children together, namely Raja Safiyah and Raja Harith. They were officially divorced by the Syariah High Court in January 2015.
|2008||P121 Lembah Pantai,
|Nurul Izzah Anwar
|21,728||52.62%||Shahrizat Abdul Jalil (UMNO)||18,833||45.61%||41,289||2,895||72.88%|
|Periasamy Nagarathnam (IND)||489||1.18%|
|2013||Nurul Izzah Anwar
|31,008||51.39%||Raja Nong Chik Zainal Abidin (UMNO)||29,161||48.33%||61,048||1,847||84.30%|
|Rosli Baba (IND)||167||0.28%|
|2018||P44 Permatang Pauh,
|Nurul Izzah Anwar
|35,534||50.89%||Zaidi Mohd Said (UMNO)||19,866||28.45%||69,828||15,668||86.18%|
|Afnan Hamimi Taib Azamudden (PAS)||14,428||20.66%|
- Consideration of Bills Select Committee (Malaysia)
- Permatang Pauh (federal constituency)
- Lembah Pantai (federal constituency)
- "Six new select committees announced, Anwar heads reforms caucus". Malaysiakini. 4 December 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Ramkarpal replaces Nurul as head of Consideration of Bills Committee". Malaysiakini. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
- Anwar's daughter steps into political wilderness, Ahmad Pathoni, Reuters, 28 February 2008
- "Nurul Izzah quits as PKR vice president - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- Safiyah and Harith. The Star. 15 January 2015.
- Shahrizat hails challenge, Joceline Tan, The Star, 13 February 2008
- Ki Mae Heussner (10 March 2008). "Shahrizat: Time for BN to do some 'soul-searching'". Malaysiakini. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- From outcast to future Prime Minister? Archived 12 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Jessinta Tan, Today, 10 March 2008
- PKR polls results officially announced The Star, 28 November 2010
- Ding, Emily (6 May 2013). "Nurul Izzah slays second BN giant to keep Lembah Pantai". The Malaysian Insider. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Malaysian Nurul Izzah apologises for photo with Jacel Kiram". Channel News Asia. 21 November 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Maklumat Calon dan Kawasan Pilihan Raya P44 PERMATANG PAUH Pulau Pinang". Utusan Online. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- "Keputusan PRU-14: Nurul Izzah menang di Parlimen Permatang Pauh". Kosmo! Online. Archived from the original on 11 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Nurul Izzah Anwar". Nurul Izzah Anwar Official website. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
- Nazlina, Maizatul. "Nurul and hubby's divorce finalised - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
- "13th Malaysian General Election". The Star. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
- "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 6 June 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
- "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
- "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen 2013". Election Commission of Malaysia (in Malay). Retrieved 6 May 2013.[permanent dead link]