Uptown Norwalk, looking east on West Main Street
The Maple City
Location of Norwalk, Ohio
Location of Norwalk in Huron County
|• Mayor||David W. Light|
|• Total||9.14 sq mi (23.69 km2)|
|• Land||8.86 sq mi (22.96 km2)|
|• Water||0.28 sq mi (0.73 km2)|
|Elevation||719 ft (219 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,903.08/sq mi (734.76/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||419, 567|
|GNIS feature ID||1044003|
Norwalk is a small city in, and the county seat of, Huron County, Ohio, United States. The population was 17,012 at the 2010 census. The city is the center of the Norwalk Micropolitan Statistical Area and part of the Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area. Norwalk is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of Lake Erie, 51 miles (82 km) west/southwest of Cleveland, 59 miles (95 km) southeast of Toledo, and 58 miles (93 km) west/northwest of Akron.
Norwalk is at the center of the Firelands, a subregion of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The subregion's name recalls the founding of the area as one for settlers from cities in Connecticut that were largely destroyed by fire during the Revolutionary War. Several locations in the Firelands were named in honor of those cities, including Danbury, Greenwich, Groton, New Haven, New London, Norwalk, Norwich, and Ridgefield. Other locations were named for the settlers, including Clarksfield, Perkins, and Sherman.
On July 11, 1779, Norwalk, Connecticut, was burned by the British Tories under Lieutenant General Tryon. A committee of the General Assembly estimated the losses to the inhabitants at $116,238.66. Later, the federal government gave an area in the Western Reserve of Ohio as compensation for those established losses.
On May 30, 1800, the United States ceded the land titles to the "fire sufferers" and the representatives of the Reserve transferred the political jurisdiction to the general government. The Indian title was extinguished by treaty on July 4, 1805, on payment of $18,916.67; and in 1806, 13 men arrived to make the first survey of the Firelands.
On November 9, 1808, a group of prominent citizens from Ridgefield, Norwalk, New Haven, Greenwich, and Fairfield met at the courthouse in New Haven, Connecticut, as the Board of Directors of the Proprietors of the 500,000 acres (2,000 km2) of land lying south of Lake Erie, called the "Sufferers Land". They passed a resolution naming many of the townships in this area known as the "Firelands of Ohio".
Between 1806 and 1810, many families made the trip to look over land they had purchased in the "Firelands". During the War of 1812, because of the fear of British and Indian raids, settlement of the Huron County area came almost to a standstill. However, in 1815, Platt Benedict of Danbury, Connecticut, visited and examined the present site of Norwalk. He returned to Danbury and purchased 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) of land with an eye toward establishing a town.
In July 1817, Benedict returned to Norwalk with his family and immediately built a house. This was the first permanent residence established within the limits of Norwalk Village. In May 1818, the county seat was successfully removed from Avery, Ohio, to Norwalk, and by 1819 a census showed a population of 109 residents. Platt Benedict, the founder of Norwalk and its first mayor, died in 1866 at the age of 91. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.
Benedict was the first white permanent settler in Norwalk, when he came with his wife, Sarah DeForest (1777-1852) and their children Clarissa, David, Daniel, Jonas, and Eliza. His descendants remained prominent in the area. On January 19, 1936, the Sandusky Daily Register published the obituary of John L. Severance, the multi-millionaire businessman and Standard Oil founding member,. In said obituary, he is listed as "a great grandson of Platt Benedict, one of the founders of [Norwalk, Ohio]."
Among the earliest settlers of Norwalk were other men of wealth and education. They brought with them not only the customs, but also the architecture of New England. Many of their homes are still standing today.
Norwalk is located at (41.243024, -82.611371).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.15 square miles (23.70 km2), of which 8.87 square miles (22.97 km2) is land and 0.28 square miles (0.73 km2) is water. The city of Norwalk is bound by Norwalk Township in each direction and a small portion of the west side is bound by Ridgefield Township. The city is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) south of Lake Erie.
As of the census of 2010, there were 17,012 people, 6,764 households, and 4,385 families living in the city. The population density was 1,917.9 inhabitants per square mile (740.5/km2). There were 7,446 housing units at an average density of 839.5 per square mile (324.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 3.2% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.2% of the population.
There were 6,764 households, of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02.
The median age in the city was 37 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
At the 2000 census, there were 16,238 people, 6,377 households and 4,234 families living in the city. The population density was 1,950.3 per square mile (752.6/km2). There were 6,687 housing units at an average density of 803.1 per square mile (309.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.53% White, 1.95% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.86% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.82% of the population.
There were 6,377 households, of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.
Age distribution was 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.
The median household income was $37,778, and the median family income was $45,789. Males had a median income of $36,582 versus $22,165 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,519. About 6.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
Norwalk's general aviation needs are met by its airport, Huron County Airport. Cleveland Hopkins International Airport is located 45 miles northeast of Norwalk.
The U.S. highways that run through Norwalk include U.S. Route 20 (part of the Norwalk bypass south of town), which connects Fremont to the west and Elyria to the east; and U.S. Route 250, which connects Sandusky from the northwest and Ashland from the southeast.
State highways that run through Norwalk include SR 13, which connects Mansfield from the south and Huron from the north; SR 18, which connects Tiffin from the west and Medina from the east; and SR 61, which connects Shelby from the south and Berlin Heights as well as Lake Erie from the northeast.
One active freight railroad line runs through Norwalk, the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad. Passenger rail service to New York City, Washington, DC, and Chicago is available at the Amtrak station in nearby Sandusky.
Due to city annexations and previously determined school district boundaries, Norwalk is served by four public school districts. The majority of the city is served by the Norwalk City School District. Outlying portions of the city are also served by the Berlin-Milan Local, Monroeville Local and Western Reserve Local School Districts.
- The gastroenteritis-causing virus norovirus is named after the city. It was initially named the "Norwalk Agent." The virus was discovered via electron microscopy of a stool sample from the town in 1972.
- Fred Baker, founder of Scripps Institution of Oceanography
- Alice Rufie Jordan Blake, first female law graduate at Yale
- Paul Brown, Hall of Fame American football coach
- Ron Hackenberger, car collector, with 700 vehicles in Norwalk
- Ban Johnson, first president of baseball's American League
- Vahdah Olcott-Bickford, classical guitarist
- Dennis A. Reed, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
- Lefty Grove, Hall of Fame baseball pitcher
- City of Norwalk
- "Mayor David W. Light". City of Norwalk (Ohio). Retrieved 3 November 2020.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Firelands Historical Society". Archived from the original on 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
- History of Norwalk Archived 2009-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- Dance, Amber (2017-11-09). "Norovirus: The Perfect Pathogen". Knowable Magazine. doi:10.1146/knowable-111017-093400. ISSN 2575-4459.
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|Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about "Norwalk, Ohio".|