North Sinai Governorate
North Sinai Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Mohamed Abdel-Fadil Shousha|
|• Total||27,574 km2 (10,646 sq mi)|
|• Density||16.57/km2 (42.9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
North Sinai Governorate (Arabic: محافظة شمال سيناء Muḥāfẓet Shamāl Sīnāʾ) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the north-eastern part of the country, and encompasses the northern half of the Sinai Peninsula. It is bordered in the north by the Mediterranean Sea, in the south by South Sinai Governorate, in the west by Port Said, Ismailia, and Suez Governorates, and in the east by the Gaza Strip (Rafah Governorate) and Israel (Southern District). Its capital is the city of El Arish. A governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion.
The population of the North Sinai Governorate as at 2015 was 434,781 people, comprising predominantly Bedouin tribesmen. The Governorate covers an area of 27,574 square kilometers. The population density is 15 inhabitants per square kilometer.
A significant economic activity of the Bedouin tribes has been smuggling. They have been active smuggling into the Gaza Strip supplies and weapons using cross-border tunnels as well as assisting illegal migrants into Israel. These activities have been curtailed by the Egyptian government crackdown of smuggling into the Gaza Strip and by the building of the Israel-Egypt barrier.
North Sinai has since 2011 been especially affected by the Sinai insurgency and measures by government forces to combat it, which has resulted in many casualties. On October 14, 2016 twelve Egyptian troops were killed at a checkpoint near El Arish. On November 27, 2017 a mosque in the village of Al-Rawda was attacked by roughly 40 gunmen, killing at least 305 and injuring up to 128 others, making it the deadliest terror attack in Egyptian history.
|Anglicized name||Native name||Arabic transliteration||Population
(July 2017 Est.)
|El Arish 1||قسم أول العريش||Al-'Arīsh 1||55,843||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|El Arish 2||قسم ثان العريش||Al-'Arīsh 2||65,772||Kism (fully urban)|
|El Arish 3||قسم ثالث العريش||Al-'Arīsh 3||44,277||Kism (fully urban)|
|El Arish 4||قسم رابع العريش||Al-'Arīsh 4||27,164||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|El Hassana||قسم الحسنة||Al-Ḥasanah||8,527||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Sheikh Zuweid||قسم الشيخ زويد||Ash-Shaykh Zuwayd||60,176||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Bir El Abd||قسم بئر العبد||B'īr al-'Abd||55,535||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Nakhl||قسم نخل||Nakhl||6,051||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Rafah||قسم رفح||Rafaḥ||75,826||Kism (urban and rural parts)|
|Shurtet El Qasima||قسم شرطة القسيمة||Shurṭah al-Qasīmah||12,011||Kism (fully rural)|
|Shurtet Rumana||قسم شرطة رمانة||Shurṭah Rumānah||40,808||Kism (fully rural)|
According to population estimates, in 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of 60.2%. Out of an estimated total of 434,781 people, 261,686 people lived in urban areas and 173,095 lived in rural areas.
Cities and towns
- El Arishˇthe capital and largest city, with 164,830 inhabitants as of 2012[update].
- Bir al-Abed
- Hassana (see Raid on Bir el Hassana and the map included therein; "bir" means "a well")
- Sheikh Zuweid
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in the governorate:
- Bir Al Abd
- Al Masa’eed Artisans
- Heavy industrial zone - Arish
- Muhammad Abdul Mun'em El Qirmani (May 1974-November 1976)
- Fu'ad Ibrahim Nassar (November 1976-November 1978)
- Muhammad Hussein Shawkat (November 1978-May 1980)
- Youssef Sabri Abu Taleb (May 1980-August 1982)
- Mounir Ahmad Shash (September 1982-January 1996)
- Muhammad Dasouqi El Ghayati (January 1996-July 1997)
- Ali Hifzi Muhammad (July 1997-November 1999)
- Ahmad Abdul Hamid Muhammad (November 1999-April 2008)
- Abdel Fadil Shousha (April 2008-January 2010)
- Murad Muwafi (January 2010-January 2011)
- Sayyid Abdul Wahhab Mabrouk (30 January 2011 – 8 August 2012)
- Abdul Fattah Harhour (4 September 2012 – 30 August 2018)
- Abdel Fadil Shousha (second term) (August 2018-)
- "اPop. Estimates by Governorate 1/1/2018". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02.
- رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس. Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- "State Information Service". Archived from the original on 2015-02-07. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
- IRIN: Economic life slows to a crawl amid crackdown in North Sinai Archived 2015-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
- SWEILAM, Ashraf (October 14, 2016). "Militant attack kills 12 Egyptian soldiers in Sinai". AP. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Egypt's Mufti performs Friday prayers at Rawdah mosque - Egypt Today". www.egypttoday.com. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- Walsh, Declan; Youssef, Nour (24 November 2017). "Militants Kill 305 at Sufi Mosque in Egypt's Deadliest Terrorist Attack". New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "North Sinai Governorates Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
- "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
- "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- Law, Gwillim (November 23, 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
- "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "المحافظون السابقون". Northsinai.gov.eg. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
- نصار, محمد (30 August 2018). "بعد 10 أعوام.. اللواء محمد عبدالفضيل شوشة يعود محافظًا لشمال سيناء". مصراوي. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
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