|Legal tribunal overview|
|Formed||1 January 2014|
|Preceding Legal tribunal|
|Jurisdiction||New South Wales|
|Headquarters||Level 9, John Maddison Tower, 86-90 Goulburn Street, Sydney|
|Legal tribunal executive|
|Parent Legal tribunal||Supreme Court of New South Wales|
It replaced and aggregated the matters of a number of disparate tribunals.
The NCAT specifically replaced the Administrative Decisions Tribunal of New South Wales and the work of a former 21 other tribunals into a single point of access for specialist tribunal services in NSW.
The NCAT has four operational divisions:
- Administrative and Equal Opportunity Division
- Consumer and Commercial Division
- Guardianship Division
- Occupational Division
Given certain circumstances parties may appeal decisions to NCAT's Internal Appeal Panel. Internal appeals are made on questions of law. Applications can only be made about the merits of a decision if the Appeal Panel gives permission. Some Division decisions are not subject to an internal appeal and may be appealed directly to the Supreme Court or Court of Appeal.
Current jurisdictional error issues for NCAT
On Friday, 3 February 2017, the New South Wales Court of Appeal issued a declaration that the NSW Administrative and Civil Tribunal(NCAT) (which handles a range of small civil disputes), has no jurisdiction if one party lives in another state. The Court held, inter alia, that a State tribunal which is not a “court of a State” is unable to exercise judicial power to determine matters between residents of two States because the State law which purports to authorise the tribunal to do so is inconsistent with the conditional investment by s 39(2) of the Judiciary Act of all such jurisdiction in State courts, and therefore rendered inoperative by virtue of the inconsistency of laws provision under s 109 of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Cth).
On Thursday, 22 June 2017, Justices Gordon and Edelman of the High Court of Australia granted special leave to appeal the decision of the New South Wales Court of Appeal to the High Court.
The practical effect of this decision is that tenants in New South Wales could discover their tenancy agreements are unenforceable if their landlord lives interstate.
Alternatives to appeal
The Tribunal, in its Guideline on Appeals, indicates that an appeal may not always be the most appropriate course when there is a difficulty or problem with a decision of the Tribunal. The Tribunal points out that, as an alternative to appealing, a party can:
- ask the Tribunal to set aside the decision (where all parties consent, or where the Tribunal is satisfied that a decision made in a party's absence has resulted in the party's case not being adequately put to the tribunal)
- ask the Tribunal to set aside proceedings or a decision (where there has been a failure to comply with certain procedural rules)
- ask the Tribunal to correct an obvious error in a decision or reasons for a decision (for example, clerical errors, accidental omissions, defects in forms or inconsistencies between the orders and the reasons for a decision) 
- "Civil And Administrative Tribunal Act 2013". Austlii. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- "Welcome to the NSW Civil and Administrative Tribunal (NCAT)". New South Wales Civil and Administrative Tribunal. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- Pelly, Michael (25 April 2014). "Law-and-order beast felled demoted attorney-general Greg Smith". The Australian. News Corp Australia. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- "Former tribunals consolidated in NCAT". New South Wales Civil and Administrative Tribunal. 3 April 2014. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- "Appeals". New South Wales Civil & Administrative Tribunal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.
- "Burns v Corbett  NSWCA 3". NSW Court of Appeal. NSW Court of Appeal. 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "s 39(2) Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth)". Federal Register of Legislation. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act". Federal Register of Legislation. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "Burns v Gaynor & Ors; Burns v Corbett & Ors; Attorney General for New South Wales v Burns & Ors; Attorney General for New South Wales v Burns & Ors; State of New South Wales v Burns & Ors" (PDF). High Court of Australia. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- Vernon, Jackson; Malone, Ursula. "NSW tenancy agreements potentially unenforceable against interstate landlords". ABC News. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- "NCAT Guideline 1: Appeals" (PDF). New South Wales Civil & Administrative Tribunal. Retrieved 5 March 2017. This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.