In music history, the Neapolitan School is a group, associated with opera, of 17th and 18th-century composers who studied or worked in Naples, Italy, the best known of whom is Alessandro Scarlatti, with whom "modern opera begins". Francesco Provenzale is generally considered the school's founder.
It is with the Neapolitan school...that the History of Modern Music commences—insofar as that music speaks the language of the feelings, emotions, and passions.— Schluter
However, "The concept of Neapolitan school, or more particularly Neapolitan opera, has been questioned by a number of scholars. That Naples was a significant musical center in the 18th century is beyond doubt. Whether the composers working in Naples at that time developed or partook of a distinct and characteristic musical style is less clear" since so little is known about the repertory.
- Francesco Provenzale (1624–1704)
- Alessandro Scarlatti (1660–1725)
- Francesco Durante (1684–1755)
- Nicola Porpora (1686–1768)
- Leonardo Vinci (1690–1730)
- Francesco Feo (1691–1761)
- Leonardo Leo (1694–1744)
- Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710–1736)
- Niccolò Jommelli (1714–1774)
- Tommaso Traetta (1727–1779)
- Niccolò Piccinni (1728–1800)
- Gian Francesco de Majo (1732–1770)
- Giovanni Paisiello (1740–1816)
- Domenico Cimarosa (1749–1801)
- Don Michael Randel (2003). The Harvard Dictionary of Music, p. 549. ISBN 978-0-674-01163-2.
- Paul Henry Lang (1997). Music in Western Civilization, p. 453. ISBN 978-0-393-04074-6.
- Robinson, Michael F.; Monson, Dale E. (2002) . "Provenzale, Francesco (opera)". Grove Music Online. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.O002372. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Schluter, Joseph (1865). A General History of Music, p.47. R. Bentley.