ᐃᔪᐤ ᐃᔨᒧᐅᓐ iyuw iyimuun
|1,230 (2016 census)|
The term Naskapi is chiefly used to describe the language of the people living in the interior of Quebec and Labrador in or around Kawawachikamach, Quebec. Naskapi is a "y-dialect" that has many linguistic features in common with the Northern dialect of East Cree, and also shares many lexical items with the Innu language.
Although there is a much closer linguistic and cultural relationship between Naskapi and Innu than between Naskapi and other Cree language communities, Naskapi remains unique and distinct from all other language varieties in the Quebec-Labrador peninsula.
Each stop has voiced allophones as /b d ɡ dʒ/.
- Long vowels: /i/, /a~æ/, /u/
- Short vowels: /ɪ~ə/, /ʌ~ə/, /o~ʊ/
There are two writing systemts used for Naskapi language. One is Latin, similar to Innu Language (Montagnais), and the other is Cree syllabics, similar to James Bay Cree, as well as other dialects of Cree across Canada.
Naskapi Latin Alphabet consists of 3 vowels, a, i, and u, in short form and in long form. The long form is either written with a Circumflex accent, eg â, or by simply writing the vowel twice, eg. aa. The vowel also consists of 12 consonants (including the Ch diagraph)
- Ch, K, P, and T are voiced between vowels.
- L and R are only used in loanwords from other languages.
Naskapi Syllabics (ᓇᔅᑲᐱ ᐃᔪᐤ ᐃᔨᒧᐅᓐ, naskapi iyuw iyimuun) is derived from Canadian Aboriginal syllabics, and while having its unique characteristics, shares many features with other Canadian Cree Syllabic systems. Unlike other Cree Syllabics, long and short vowels are not distinguished. The final forms in Naskapi Syllics are similar to other varieties of Eastern Cree syllabics.
- "Language Highlight Tables, 2016 Census - Aboriginal mother tongue, Aboriginal language spoken most often at home and Other Aboriginal language(s) spoken regularly at home for the population excluding institutional residents of Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 Census – 100% Data". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Government of Canada, Statistics. Retrieved 2017-11-23.
- Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version:
- MacKenzie, Marguerite. 1994.
- Naskapi Lexicon
- Languagegeek: Naskapi
- Naskapi Language
- OLAC resources in and about the Naskapi language