The Mu to E Gamma (MEG) is a particle physics experiment dedicated to measuring the decay of the muon into an electron and a photon, a decay mode which is heavily suppressed in the Standard Model by lepton flavour conservation, but enhanced in supersymmetry and grand unified theories. It is located at the Paul Scherrer Institute and began taking data September 2008.
In May 2016 the MEG experiment published the world's leading upper limit on the branching ratio of this decay:
MEG uses a continuous muon beam (3 × 107/s) incident on a plastic target. The decay is reconstructed to look for a back-to-back positron and monochromatic photon (52.8 MeV). A liquid xenon scintillator with photomultiplier tubes measure the photon energy, and a drift chamber in a magnetic field detects the positrons.
The MEG collaboration presented upgrade plans for MEG-II at the Particles and Nuclei International Conference 2014, with one order of magnitude greater sensitivity, and increased muon production, to begin data taking in 2017. More experiments are planned to explore rare muon transitions, such as Mu2e and Mu3e.
- "MEG goes in search of the forbidden". CERN Courier.
- Baldini, A. M.; et al. (MEG collaboration) (May 2016). "Search for the Lepton Flavour Violating Decay μ+→e+γ with the Full Dataset of the MEG Experiment". arXiv:1605.05081 [hep-ex].
- Brooks, M. L.; et al. (MEGA Collaboration) (23 August 1999). "New limit for the lepton-family-number nonconserving decay μ+→e+γ". Physical Review Letters. 83 (8): 1521–1524. arXiv:hep-ex/9905013. Bibcode:1999PhRvL..83.1521B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.1521. S2CID 119354296.
- Renga, F (2014). "Latest results of MEG and status of MEG-II". arXiv:1410.4705 [hep-ex].