Mohamed Azmin Ali
محمد عزمين علي
|15th Menteri Besar of Selangor|
23 September 2014 – 19 June 2018
|Preceded by||Abdul Khalid Ibrahim|
|Succeeded by||Amirudin Shari|
|Deputy President of the People's Justice Party|
28 November 2010 – 24 February 2020
|President||Wan Azizah Wan Ismail |
|Preceded by||Syed Husin Ali|
|Vice-President of the People's Justice Party|
9 November 2001 – 28 November 2010
|President||Wan Azizah Wan Ismail|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|2018–2020||Minister of Economic Affairs|
|2020–||Minister of International Trade and Industry|
Mohamed Azmin bin Ali
25 August 1964
State of Singapore, Malaysia
|Political party||UMNO (1987-1998)|
BERSATU (since 2020)
|Barisan Nasional (1987-1998)|
Barisan Alternatif (1998-2004)
Pakatan Rakyat (2008-2015)
Pakatan Harapan (2015-2020)
Perikatan Nasional (since 2020)
|Relations||Azwan Ali (brother)|
Ummi Hafilda Ali (sister)
|Residence||Ulu Kelang, Selangor, Malaysia|
|Alma mater||University of Minnesota (BSc, MEd)|
|Mohamed Azmin Ali on Parliament of Malaysia|
Mohamed Azmin Ali
|Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat|
|2008–2018||People's Justice Party|
|2020||Malaysian United Indigenous Party|
|Faction represented in Selangor State Legislative Assembly|
|1999–2003||National Justice Party|
|2003–2004||People's Justice Party|
|2008���2018||People's Justice Party|
|2020||Malaysian United Indigenous Party|
Mohamed Azmin bin Ali (Jawi: محمد عزمين بن علي; born 25 August 1964) is a Malaysian politician who has served as Senior Minister in charge of International Trade and Industry and Minister of International Trade and Industry under Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob since August 2021.
He served his first term in the Perikatan Nasional (PN) administration under former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin from March 2020 to August 2021. He has also served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Gombak and Member of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Bukit Antarabangsa since March 2008. He also served as Senior Minister in charge of Economy in the PN administration under Muhyiddin from March 2020 to August 2021, Minister of Economic Affairs in the Pakatan Harapan (PH) administration under former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad from May 2018 to the collapse of the PH administration in February 2020 and Menteri Besar of Selangor from September 2014 to June 2018. He is a member of the Supreme Council and Chairman of the International Bureau of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU), a component party of the ruling PN coalition. He is a founding member, was a member and served as Deputy President of the People's Justice Party (PKR), a component party of the PH opposition coalition, from November 2010 to his resignation from party in February 2020 with several other MPs and its Vice-President from November 2001 to his promotion to Deputy President in November 2010. He is also former President of the Football Association of Selangor (FAS).
Early years and education
Mohamed Azmin Ali was born on 25 August 1964 in Singapore (then a state of Malaysia) to Ali and Che Tom Yahaya. His father worked for the British Army as a clerk. His family later migrated to Malaysia and he grew up in Kuala Lumpur. He began his education at Gurney Road Primary School, then Setapak High School, and ended it at Jalan Cheras Technical Institute.
He received Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Economics and Mathematics from the University of Minnesota. He later completed his Master of Education's degree (MEd) from the same institute where he met Shamsidar Taharin, his future wife. While studying, Azmin taught modern and additional mathematics. One of his notable students was Razali Ibrahim, a former deputy minister, when they were in MRSM Terendak. He also attended an executive training programme at the University of Oxford.
In 1987, following advice from the Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, Azmin started working for Anwar Ibrahim, who was then a Minister in Mahathir's Barisan Nasional government. Azmin served as Anwar's personal secretary through Anwar's appointment as Deputy Prime Minister in 1993 and until Mahathir sacked Anwar in 1998. Azmin remained close to Anwar following the dismissal and they both became founders of the opposition Parti Keadilan Nasional (KeADILan), which later became the People's Justice Party or Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR).
State assemblyman and parliamentarian
Keadilan entered the 1999 general elections amidst voter anger over Anwar's dismissal and subsequent imprisonment. Azmin was elected Selangor State Assemblyman for Hulu Kelang. However, he was barred from participating in the 2004 general elections due to his conviction for lying in court during the trial against Anwar. The High Court and Court of Appeal have since acquitted him.
Azmin returned to national politics in the 2008 general elections, winning the Gombak parliamentary seat and Bukit Antarabangsa state seat in Selangor. Meanwhile, in 2010, he won an internal PKR election for the party's deputy presidency. He replaced Syed Husin, who did not seek re-election. He was reelected as the party's deputy president in 2018 after a close election against Rafizi Ramli.
Menteri Besar of Selangor
Azmin became the Menteri Besar of Selangor on 23 September 2014, following the resignation of the PKR incumbent Khalid Ibrahim. His ascension to the post followed months of internal political wrangling within the Pakatan Rakyat coalition that led the state. Khalid had been the Menteri Besar since the coalition of PKR, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) won a majority in the Selangor State Assembly in the 2008 election. In early 2014, PKR's national leader, Anwar Ibrahim, then a federal parliamentarian sought to contest the Selangor State Assembly seat of Kajang in a by-election. The so-called "Kajang Move" would have allowed Anwar to oust Khalid as Menteri Besar with PKR's support. However, after Anwar's conviction for sodomy weeks before the by-election, his wife Wan Azizah Wan Ismail assumed PKR's nomination for the by-election in his place and won the seat. Khalid resigned as Menteri Besar after PKR withdrew its support for his leadership later in the year. PKR, with the DAP's support, nominated Wan Azizah to replace him, but both the Sultan of Selangor (who appoints the Menteri Besar) and the third coalition party, PAS, sought other options. The Sultan requested that each coalition party submit three names for his consideration. PKR and the DAP submitted only Wan Azizah's name, while PAS submitted others. On 22 September, the Sultan announced the appointment of Azmin. He was sworn into office the following morning.
Azmin was the sole recipient of the Order of the Crown of Selangor in Knight Grand Commander class (S.P.M.S) in 2015, which carries the title 'Dato' Seri' in conjunction with the 70th birthday of the Sultan of Selangor Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah on 11 December 2015.
Azmin was once again reelected as the Menteri Besar of Selangor in the aftermath of 2018 Malaysian general election after defending his Bukit Antarabangsa state seat. He was sworn into title on the evening of 11 May 2018 at Istana Alam Shah.
Minister of Economic Affairs
Following the aftermath of the 2018 General Election, Azmin was named as one of the ministers in the newly elected Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad's cabinet on 18 May 2018. He is to head the newly established Ministry of Economic Affairs. He was sworn in as the Minister of Economic Affairs on 21 May 2018 at Istana Negara. His term ended on 24 February 2020 after the dissolution of cabinet following the resignation of Mahathir Mohamad as Malaysia's Prime Minister per article 43(5) of the Constitution of Malaysia, that allowed the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to revoke the appointment of ministers.
Change of allegiance
On the morning of 23 February 2020, Azmin held a meeting with several lawmakers from Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) and twenty others at Sheraton Hotel, Petaling, amidst the rumour of a formation of a new coalition at the parliament of Malaysia. He and his faction in PKR, went to the Istana Negara on the evening to seek a meeting with the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Abdullah of Pahang. Leaders from other five political parties; Bersatu's Muhyiddin Yassin, UMNO's Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, GPS's Abang Johari Openg, Warisan's Shafie Apdal and PAS's Hadi Awang were also in attendance. It was speculated that the leaders were there to brief the Agong about the recent political development; formation of a new coalition government and to declare their support for a new prime minister, effectively blocking PKR's president Anwar Ibrahim from the position. After the meeting, several opposition party leaders, including UMNO's Ismail Sabri Yaakob and PAS' Hadi Awang then joined Azmin's supporters at Sheraton Hotel.
On the next day, 24 February, PKR's general secretary, Saifuddin Nasution Ismail announced in a press conference at the party's headquarters that Azmin and Minister of Housing and Local Government, Zuraida Kamaruddin who is also the vice president of PKR had been sacked from the party. Saifuddin explained that they were expelled due to their actions on 23 October which was against the party's principle regarding the position of prime minister. Azmin later announced that he will be forming an independent bloc at the parliament along with Zuraida and other nine MPs who had decided to exit the party following his expulsion. However, on 28 February 2020, a representative from Bersatu confirmed that Azmin and his faction had joined the party.
He was named as one of the four senior ministers alongside Ismail Sabri Yaakob, Fadillah Yusof and Mohd Radzi Md Jidin in Muhyiddin cabinet on 9 March 2020. The positions were established by Muhyiddin Yassin, the eighth prime minister as a substitute for the deputy prime minister position. Although the four ministers were of equal standings, Azmin was designated by the prime minister to preside over the cabinet's meeting in his absence.
2019 "Semburit" video scandal
On 12 June 2019, it was reported that Azmin was filmed being intimate with another man, political aide Haziq Abdul Aziz, in a video circulating on social media. Azmin has denied his involvement. Muhammad Haziq Abdul Aziz later confirmed his involvement in the act with the minister and urged authorities to investigate him. Until 16 July 2019, nine people had been arrested by Royal Malaysia Police in the investigation regarding their involvement in making and distribution of the lewd video, including Haziq who had admitted he was the person in the video, and Farhash Wafa Salvador Rizal Mubarak who is PKR Perak state chairman and is also Anwar Ibrahim's political secretary. After Farhash was released by the police for investigation, he shouted “Azmin semburit” in a speech, which was repeated by the crowd. Semburit literally means sodomy and homosexual acts between two men. On 18 July 2019, the Inspector General of Police, Abdul Hamid Bador stated that although the video was authentic, the individual in the video is unidentifiable. He also stated that the group of individuals who made the video were paid thousand of Ringgits, and the video circulation was masterminded by a leader of a political party, with the intention to degrade and defame someone's reputation.
10 Gombak voters file suit against Azmin
Ten registered voters in the Gombak parliamentary constituency have filed a suit against their parliament member, Mohamed Azmin Ali. The 10, as plaintiffs, filed the lawsuit through Messrs Yohendra Nadarajan at the High Court here on Nov 27, named Mohamad Azmin as the sole defendant. The plaintiffs claim that Mohamed Azmin's representations were false and that he only wanted their votes. The ten also claimed that they had relied on those representations to vote for the defendant's 14th General Election. They seek damages, including aggravated or exemplary damages, interests, costs and other orders deemed fit by the court. "By breaching these representations, the defendant had violated constitutional rights, especially the principles of parliamentary democracy and representative democracy," they said in a statement of claim. The plaintiffs are applying for a declaration that the defendant has breached his fiduciary duties and the duties owed and deceived them.
Views and comments on various issues
Loss of faith in Anwar Ibrahim
Azmin decided to leave PKR and join Bersatu. Azmin said, 'immoral sexual practices' by Anwar caused him to lose faith in the PKR president. Anwar, however, denies committing any sexual misconduct. Azmin stated the matter in a defence statement regarding the suit filed by 10 Gombak voters against him. Azmin denies allegations that he failed to fulfil his election promises to voters in the Gombak constituency. He said he doubted the full pardon status granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong against Anwar. Azmin said he was still committed to fighting and eliminating corruption even though he was not with PKR and had joined Bersatu. He also denied that he was responsible for the Pakatan Harapan (PH) government's fall in February last year. Instead, he said, the PH government collapsed due to the resignation of the then prime minister, Dr Mahathir Mohamad.
He is married to Shamshida Tahrin, a finance graduate also from the University of Minnesota. The couple have three sons and three daughters. He lives in Ampang.
In addition to an elder brother, Azman Ali, among his younger brothers are television host and celebrity Azwan Ali, and motivator Arpah Ali, while his younger sister is Ummi Hafilda Ali, a prosecution witness in the sodomy trial of jailed former deputy prime minister Anwar Ibrahim.
|1999||N18 Hulu Kelang, P91 Gombak.||Mohamed Azmin Ali (KeADILan)||9,185||53.32%||Fuad Hassan (UMNO)||8,039||46.67%||17,395||1,146||76.65%|
|2008||N19 Bukit Antarabangsa, P99 Ampang.||Mohamed Azmin Ali (PKR)||11,731||52.91%||Haslinda Mohd Zerain (UMNO)||10,350||46.68%||22,397||1,381||72.99%|
|2013||Mohamed Azmin Ali (PKR)||16,502||56.81%||Mohamad Nadzim Ibrahim (UMNO)||12,458||42.89%||29,352||4,044||85.16%|
|2018||Mohamed Azmin Ali (PKR)||30,892||79.64%||Salwa Yunus (UMNO)||5,380||13.87%||39,057||25,512||84.44%|
Syed Ariffin (PAS)
|Ahmad Kamarudin (PRM)||116||0.30%|
|Mohamed Azwan Ali (IND)||90||0.23%|
|2008||P98 Gombak, Selangor.||Mohamed Azmin Ali (PKR)||40,334||53.92%||Said Anuar Said Ahmad (UMNO)||33,467||44.74%||75,619||6,867||76.26%|
|2013||Mohamed Azmin Ali (PKR)||54,827||51.82%||Rahman Ismail (UMNO)||50,093||47.34%||107,162||4,734||86.92%|
|Said Nazar Abu Baker (IND)||474||0.45%|
|2018||Mohamed Azmin Ali (PKR)||75,113||63.10%||Abdul Rahim Pandak Kamaruddin (UMNO)||26,392||22.17%||119,975||48,721||85.43%|
|Khairil Nizam Khirudin (PAS)||17,537||14.73%|
Honours of Malaysia
- Selangor :
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- "I was in bed with minister, confesses man claiming to be in viral sex clip". Malaysiakini. 12 June 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- "Pengerusi PKR negeri antara 3 ditahan kes video lucah". Berita Harian. 16 July 2019. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
- Rahimah Ibrahim (17 July 2019). "Anwar terkejut setiausaha politiknya ditahan polis". Astro Awani. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
- Bakar, Adam Abu (24 July 2019). "'Semburit' speech by Farhash warrants disciplinary action, says PKR women's chief". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
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- www.astroawani.com https://www.astroawani.com/berita-malaysia/10-gombak-voters-file-suit-against-azmin-271127. Retrieved 30 January 2021. Missing or empty
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- Dennis Chua (14 June 2019). "#Showbiz: 'Min, I seek your forgiveness, I've wronged you a lot all these years' - Azwan Ali". New Straits Times. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
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