|Missouri's 6th congressional district|
Missouri's 6th congressional district takes in a large swath of land in northern Missouri, stretching across nearly the entire width of the state from Kansas to Illinois. Its largest voting population is centered in the northern portion of the Kansas City metropolitan area and the town of St. Joseph. The district includes nearly all of Kansas City north of the Missouri River (including Kansas City International Airport).
The district takes in all or parts of the following counties: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Buchanan, Caldwell, Carroll, Chariton, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Daviess, De Kalb, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Holt, Jackson, Knox, Lewis, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Marion, Mercer, Monroe, Nodaway, Pike, Platte, Putnam, Ralls, Schuyler, Scotland, Shelby, Sullivan, Worth.
Notable representatives from the district include governors John Smith Phelps and Austin A. King as well as Kansas City Mayor Robert T. Van Horn. In 1976, Jerry Litton was killed on election night as he flew to a victory party after winning the Democratic nomination for United States Senate. The visitors center at Smithville Lake is named in Litton's memory. Democrat Pat Danner, a former aide to Jerry Litton, won the seat in 1992 becoming the first woman to be elected in the district defeating a 16-year Republican incumbent.
George W. Bush beat John Kerry in this district 57%-43% in 2004. The district is represented by Republican Sam Graves, who has held the seat since 2001. Graves easily held on to his seat what was expected to be a tough 2008 election, defeating former Kansas City mayor Kay Waldo Barnes by 22 percentage points.
Historically, the 6th was not safe for either party. However, in recent years, it has trended Republican, mirroring the increasingly conservative bent of the more rural areas of Missouri that historically voted for Yellow Dog Democrats.
Redistricting following 2010 Census
After Missouri lost a Congressional seat following the 2010 Census (in part because of losses in population in several rural northern Missouri counties), the 6th was expanded to include most of Missouri north of the Missouri River, stretching from border to border from Kansas to Illinois. The biggest geographic addition was in northeast Missouri (including Kirksville, Missouri and Hannibal, Missouri), which used to be the northern half of the old 9th district.
List of members representing the district
Election results from presidential races
|Year||Office||Results||Political parties that won the district|
|2000||President||George W. Bush 53 - Al Gore 44%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2004||President||George W. Bush 57 - John Kerry 42%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2008||President||John McCain 54 - Barack Obama 45%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2012||President||Mitt Romney 60 - Barack Obama 38%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2016||President||Donald Trump 63 - Hillary Clinton 32%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2020||President||Donald Trump 63 - Joe Biden 35%||Republican Party (United States)|
|Libertarian||Karl H. Wetzel||5,212||2.1%|
|Democratic||Pat Danner (Incumbent)||136,774||70.9%|
|Libertarian||Karl H. Wetzel||4,324||2.2%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr.||138,925||50.9%|
|Republican gain from Democratic||Swing|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||131,151||63.0%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||196,516||63.83%|
|Democratic||Charles S. Broomfield||106,987||34.75%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||150,882||61.64%|
|Democratic||Sara Jo Shettles||87,477||35.73%|
|Progressive||Shirley A. Yurkonis||1,679||0.69%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||196,526||59.4%|
|Republican||Sam Graves (incumbent)||154,103||69.44|
|Republican||Sam Graves (incumbent)||216,906||65.0|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||8,279||2.5|
|Republican||Sam Graves (incumbent)||124,616||66.6|
|Democratic||W. A. (Bill) Hedge||55,157||29.5|
|Republican||Sam Graves (incumbent)||238,388||68.0|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||8,123||2.3|
|Republican||Sam Graves (incumbent)||199,796||65.4|
|Republican||Sam Graves (incumbent)||258,709||67.1|
Historical district boundaries
- "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- 1996 Election Results
- 1998 Election Results
- 2000 Election Results
- 2002 Election Results
- Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2005-2006, page 637
- Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2007-2008, page 649
- 2008 Election Results
- "November 2, 2010 General Election". Missouri Secretary of State. November 30, 2010. Archived from the original on February 20, 2011. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- House, Scott (May 14, 2005). "Fact Sheet on 6000 Caves". The Missouri Speleological Survey. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2008.
- Cite error: The named reference
Generalelectionwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- "All Results State of Missouri - State of Missouri - General Election, November 03, 2020". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present