|Miracle in Milan|
|Directed by||Vittorio De Sica|
|Screenplay by||Cesare Zavattini|
Vittorio De Sica
Suso Cecchi d'Amico
|Story by||Cesare Zavattini|
|Produced by||Vittorio De Sica|
|Edited by||Eraldo Da Roma|
|Music by||Alessandro Cicognini|
|Distributed by||Joseph Burstyn Inc. (US)|
Criterion Collection (DVD)
Miracle in Milan (Italian: Miracolo a Milano) is a 1951 Italian fantasy film directed by Vittorio De Sica. The screenplay was co-written by Cesare Zavattini, based on his novel Totò il Buono. The picture stars Francesco Golisano, Emma Gramatica, Paolo Stoppa, and Guglielmo Barnabò.
This fantasy tale tells of Totò who, found as a baby in a cabbage patch, is adopted by Lolotta, a wise and kind old woman. When Lolotta dies he moves to an orphanage. At adulthood Totò (Francesco Golisano) leaves the orphanage and ends up in a shantytown squatter colony on the outskirts of Milan.
Totò's organizational ability, learned at the orphanage, and his simple kindness and optimistic outlook acquired from Lolotta bring structure to the colony. He fosters a sense of happiness and well-being among the dispossessed who live there.
Businessmen come and haggle over the ownership of the land but the squatters are left alone to live there.
Oil is discovered under the colony when they are making a hole for a maypole during a festival. It forms a fountain in the middle of the camp and at first is thought to be water.
Mobbi the land owner hears about the oil from the scheming squatter, Rappi, and tries to evict the squatters using an army of police.
Eventually the dove is taken back by two angels who object to a mortal using its magic powers.
Without the protection of the dove the camp is overrun by police and its occupants taken away in police wagons to be imprisoned.
Totò uses the dove to wish for the freedom of his friends and because of his good faith it is granted. The police wagons fall apart and the squatters fly away on broomsticks seized from the street sweepers in Milan's central square.
They circle around the Cathedral and then away, "towards a land where "good morning really means good morning."
- Emma Gramatica as the old lady, Lolotta
- Francesco Golisano as Totò
- Paolo Stoppa as Rappi, the schemer
- Guglielmo Barnabò as Mobbi, the landowner
- Brunella Bovo as Edvige, Toto's sweetheart
- Anna Carena as Marta, the aristocratic Signora Altezzosa
- Alba Arnova as the statue in the camp square
- Flora Cambi as Signora Altezzosa's maid and an unhappy lover
- Virgilio Riento as a police sergeant
- Arturo Bragaglia as Alfredo
- Erminio Spalla as Gaetano
- Riccardo Bertazzolo as the Strong Man
- Checco Rissone as secondary police commander
- Angelo Prioli as supreme police commander
- Gianni Branduani as Totò at eleven years
The film's principal location was waste ground, near Milan's Lambrate railway station.
Vittorio De Sica wrote that he made the film in order to show how the "common man" can exist given the realities of life: "It is true that my people have already attained happiness after their own fashion; precisely because they are destitute, these people still feel - as the majority of ordinary men perhaps no longer do - the living warmth of a ray of winter sunshine, the simple poetry of the wind. They greet water with the same pure joy as Saint Francis did."
American special effects specialist Ned Mann was hired for the film. The picture would be Mann's final project. Vittorio De Sica, in neo-realist fashion, used both professional and non-professional actors.
Bosley Crowther, film critic for The New York Times, liked the film and wrote, "The rich vein of sly, compassionate humor that Charlie Chaplin and René Clair used to mine with unparalleled genius when they were turning out their best satiric films, has been tapped by Vittorio De Sica in his Miracle in Milan, the widely proclaimed Italian picture that arrived at the World yesterday. And although this uncommon vein of fancy is away from De Sica's previous line, the great director has brought up from his digging a liberal return of purest gold." The film ranked 3rd on Cahiers du Cinéma's Top 10 Films of the Year List in 1951.
The staff at Variety magazine gave the film a positive review and wrote, "The sharp satire on the oil-greedy industrialist is handled in a broader, perhaps exaggerated manner, and pic is liberally sprinkled with intelligent humor, much of it ironic. Performances by pros and tyros alike are flawless."
Review website Rotten Tomatoes reports the film has a rare 100% "Fresh" rating. In April 2019, a restored version of the film was selected to be shown in the Cannes Classics section at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival.
- 1951 Cannes Film Festival: Grand Prize of the Festival, Vittorio De Sica; 1951.
- Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists: Silver Ribbon; Best Production Design, Guido Fiorini; 1951.
- New York Film Critics Circle Awards: NYFCC Award; Best Foreign Language Film, Italy; 1951.
- National Board of Review: National Board of Review Awards 1951, Best Foreign Films; 1951.
- British Academy of Film and Television Arts: BAFTA Film Award, Best Film from any Source, Italy; Best Foreign Actor, Francesco Golisano, Italy; 1952.
- "Everyday miracles". Alternate Ending. 13 September 2016.
- Miracle in Milan at IMDb.
- "Overview". TCM. 2005.
- "Miracolo a Milano (Miracle In Milan) (1951)". Vernonjohns. 2017.
- De Sica, Vittorio Miracle in Milan, 1968, Baltimore, Maryland: Pelican Books, p11
- Schneider, Rolf (2004). Manfred Leier (ed.). 100 most beautiful cathedrals of the world: A journey through five continents. trans. from German by Susan Ghanouni and Rae Walter. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 11.
- Ned Mann at the Internet Movie Database.
- Miracle in Milan Archived 2007-04-18 at the Wayback Machine at in black and white.
- Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times, film review, December 18, 1951. Last accessed: January 26, 2008.
- Johnson, Eric C. "Cahiers du Cinema: Top Ten Lists 1951-2009". alumnus.caltech.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
- Variety. Film review, 1951. Last accessed: May 30, 2013.
- "Cannes Classics 2019". Festival de Cannes. 26 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Festival de Cannes: Miracle in Milan". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-01-13.