|Michigan's 1st congressional district|
|Area||24,875 sq mi (64,430 km2)|
Michigan's 1st congressional district is a United States congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and 16 counties of Northern Michigan in the Lower Peninsula. The district is currently represented by Republican Jack Bergman.
The district is the second-largest congressional district east of the Mississippi River by land area, only behind Maine's 2nd congressional district. Its boundaries contain the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and much of the northern part of the Lower Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of the state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind Alaska's at-large congressional district.
Of the 83 counties in Michigan, 31 lie fully within the district, and it contains a portion of another, Mason County.
Prior to 1992, the 1st congressional district was a Detroit-based congressional district. From the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925 until 1964, the former 1st district was represented by only one non-Polish-American politician, Robert H. Clancy. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts were the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent). In 1964, the 1st congressional district was drawn as a new, African-American majority district reflecting the changing demographics of Detroit, while enough of the old 1st district was moved to the 14th district so that the 14th district retained the 1st's old congressman. John Conyers was elected to congress from the 1st district, a position he would hold until the 1st was removed from Detroit.
After 1992, the 1st district covered land in the UP and Northern Michigan. Most of this territory had been in what is now the 11th district from 1892 to 1992. The 1st from 1992 to 2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not extend nearly as far south along Lake Michigan, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.
|Election results from presidential races|
|1992||President||Clinton 41 - 35%|
|1996||President||Clinton 47 - 40%|
|2000||President||Bush 52 - 45%|
|2004||President||Bush 53 - 46%|
|2008||President||Obama 50 - 48%|
|2012||President||Romney 54 - 45%|
|2016||President||Trump 58 - 37%|
|2018||Senate||James 54 - 43%|
|Governor||Schuette 52 - 44%|
|2020||President||Trump 58 - 40%|
Major cities in the district
- Iron Mountain
- Sault Ste. Marie
- Traverse City
List of members representing the district
|Republican||Dan Benishek (incumbent)||167,060||48.1|
|Republican||Dan Benishek (incumbent)||130,414||52.1|
|Republican||Jack Bergman (incumbent)||187,251||56.3|
|Republican||Jack Bergman (incumbent)||256,581||61.7|
- Michigan's congressional districts
- List of United States congressional districts
- Superior (proposed state)
- "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2007.
- https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt[bare URL]
- Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
- "My Congressional District".
- "2021 Partisan Voter Index Scores by Congressional District". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
- Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.
- https://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/michigan[bare URL]
- https://mielections.us/election/results/14GEN/[bare URL]
- "2016 Michigan Election Results - Official Results". Michigan Department of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- https://www.politico.com/election-results/2018/michigan/[bare URL]
- "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
- Govtrack.us for the 1st District - Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
- The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807–2003
- U.S. Representatives 1837–2003, Michigan Manual 2003–2004
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present