|Director of the Mossad|
|Prime Minister||Ariel Sharon|
|Preceded by||Efraim Halevy|
|Succeeded by||Tamir Pardo|
30 January 1945
|Died||17 March 2016(aged 71)|
|Awards||Medal of Courage|
|Nickname(s)||King of Shadows|
|Branch/service||Israel Defense Forces|
|Years of service||1963–1996|
Yom Kippur War
1982 Lebanon War
Personal life and education
Meir Huberman (later Dagan) was born on a train on the outskirts of Kherson, between the Soviet Union and Poland during World War II to Polish Jewish parents who were fleeing Poland for the Soviet Union to escape the Holocaust. His maternal grandfather, Ber Erlich Sloshny, was killed by the Nazis in Lukow. In 2009, the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth published two photos of Nazi soldiers standing next to a kneeling Sloshny shortly before they shot him. During his term as Director-General of the Mossad, Dagan kept one of the photographs hanging in his office. Meir and his parents survived the Holocaust, and in 1950, the family made aliyah to Israel. During the cattle ship's approach to Israel, it encountered a storm, during which Meir stood on the stern, praying to reach the shore safely. The family initially lived in an immigrant camp in Lod before settling in Bat Yam, where Meir grew up and his parents ran a laundry business. 
Military and intelligence career
Dagan was conscripted into the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in 1963. He was considered for the elite Sayeret Matkal unit, but ended up joining the Paratroopers Brigade. He completed his compulsory service in 1966, but was called up as a reservist in 1967, and fought in the Six-Day War as an officer, commanding a paratrooper platoon on the Sinai front. In 1970 he caught the attention of Ariel Sharon who recruited him to command a special unit, known as Sayeret Rimon, whose task was to hunt suspected terrorists in the Gaza Strip and 'eliminate' them. Sharon stated that Dagan specialized in ’separating an Arab from his head.'  In 1971, he received a Medal of Courage for tackling a wanted terrorist who was holding a live grenade. Dagan later fought in the 1973 Yom Kippur War as an officer on the Sinai front, and participated in the crossing of the Suez Canal. During the 1982 Lebanon War, he commanded the Barak Armored Brigade, and was one of the first brigade commanders to enter Beirut. In the 1990s, he held a series of high-level positions in the IDF command, eventually reaching the rank of Major General before retiring from the army in 1995, after 32 years of service.
Dagan later served as a counterterrorism adviser to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and he initially served as a National Security Adviser to Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. Sharon appointed him Director-General of Mossad in August 2002, replacing outgoing Director Efraim Halevy. As Mossad director, Dagan was responsible for intelligence, counter-intelligence, and counter-terrorism activities outside of Israel and the Palestinian Territories (which are under the jurisdiction of Shabak as they are considered domestic areas). He was allegedly aggressive in ordering killings of terrorists on foreign soil. According to Mossad veteran Gad Shimron, "Israel is in the paradoxical situation of not having a death penalty but allowing itself to target Arab terrorists outside its borders with almost complete impunity. Meir Dagan fully subscribes to this thinking, unlike some of his predecessors". By November 2004, at least four foreign terrorists had already been killed in suspected Mossad operations, and three major terrorist attacks planned against Israeli civilians abroad had been foiled.
Ehud Yatom, a member of the Knesset Subcommittee on Secret Services, stated that "as someone who is privy to the facts but not at liberty to divulge them, I can say this with complete authority. The Mossad under Meir Dagan has undergone a revolution in terms of organization, intelligence and operations." Under Dagan's watch, Mossad tripled its recruitment efforts, launching a website where people can apply to join. Reportedly, much of its annual budget of $350 million was diverted from traditional intelligence gathering and analysis to field operations and "special tasks".
In mid-2007, Dagan had a "spat" with the Deputy Director N, who was thought to be a candidate for replacing Dagan in late 2008. Dagan restored his former deputy T to the post and Dagan was thought likely to recommend T as his replacement.
He was re-appointed in 2009 by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to serve until the end of 2010. In June 2010, a report from Channel 2 stated that Netanyahu had denied a request by Dagan for another year as Mossad director, though this was quickly denied by the Prime Minister's Office. In November 2010, Tamir Pardo was announced as his replacement.
Following his departure, Dagan made several controversial public statements concerning the prudence of an Israeli military attack on Iran's nuclear facilities, openly contradicting the positions of Prime Minister Netanyahu. He called it a "stupid idea" in a May 2011 conference. After Dagan voiced criticism of the prime minister, he was asked to return his diplomatic passport before its expiry date. Dagan repeated the opinion in a March 2012 interview with Lesley Stahl of CBS News' 60 Minutes, calling an Israeli attack on Iran before other options were exhausted "the stupidest idea" and saying he considered the Iranians "a very rational regime."
Dagan served as the director of the Israel Port Authority, and in 2011 was appointed chairman of Gulliver Energy Ltd. (TASE:GLVR), which announced that it intended to mine uranium at a license in the Dead Sea area and drill in search of gold near Eilat.
Illness and death
In 2012, Dagan was diagnosed with liver cancer, and began chemotherapy treatment, but the cancer spread and he began to suffer from liver failure. In October of that year, he flew to Belarus and had a successful liver transplant operation performed by French-Jewish surgeon Daniel Azoulay, considered one of the world's leading liver transplant surgeons. After the operation, he was admitted to an isolation unit for fear of infection. At the time, criteria for a liver transplant in Israel dictated the patient must be no older than 65, so the 67-year-old Dagan had to seek treatment abroad. Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman helped facilitate the operation. On 27 October 2012, after his condition had stabilized, Dagan returned to Israel and was immediately hospitalized. He was discharged from Ichilov Hospital and began recuperating. Dagan was accompanied throughout his ordeal by Rabbi Avraham Elimelech Firer, with whom he developed a close relationship, and later reciprocated by helping Firer raise funds for a new rehabilitation center.
Despite the transplant, the cancer remained in his body. Dagan died of cancer on 17 March 2016 at the age of 71. President Reuven Rivlin said of Dagan, "Meir was one of the greatest of the brave, creative and devout warriors that the Jewish people ever had. His devotion to the State of Israel was absolute." Netanyahu said, "In his eight years as the head of the Mossad, he led the organization in daring, pioneering and groundbreaking operations. A great warrior has died."
- Bar-Zohar, Michael; Mishal, Nissim (2012) . "One". Mossad: The Greatest Missions of the Israeli Secret Service (Book) (Paperback) (First ed.). HarperCollins (published November 2012). p. 11. ISBN 9780062123442.
- Egypt claims Mossad to blame for shark attacks (& details of new Mossad head) Tom Gross Media
- Bar-Zohar, Michael; Mishal, Nissim (2012) . "One". Mossad: The Greatest Missions of the Israeli Secret Service (Book) (Paperback) (First ed.). HarperCollins (published November 2012). p. 10. ISBN 9780062123442.
- David Remnick, 'The Vegetarian :A notorious spymaster becomes a dissident,' New Yorker 27 August 2012
- "מאיר דגן".
- "Real History and The Mossad's new chief".
- "Vegetarian, painter ... spy chief". The Times.
- "חדשות, דעות, תרבות, ספורט, כלכלה מהארץ ו��עולם | ישראל היום". Archived from the original on 2018-08-30.
- "Analysis: Another year of Dagan means continuity for Sharon's Iran policy"[dead link] Jerusalem Post
- Pfeffer, Anshel. "Analysis: Another year of Dagan means continuity for Sharon's Iran policy[dead link]", The Jerusalem Post, 21 February 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- "Citing "exceptional success," Israel's Olmert extends Mossad chief's term". International Herald Tribune. 2008-06-22. Retrieved 2008-06-22.[dead link]
- Haaretz, "Mossad deputy chief N. quits after spat with boss Dagan"
- Ravid, Barak (22 June 2009). "Dagan given another year as Mossad chief". Haaretz. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- "Mossad chief Meir Dagan to step down". Haaretz. 2010-06-26. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- "PM's office: Mossad chief didn't ask to extend his tenure". Ynetnews. 2010-06-26. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- "Ex-Mossad chief Dagan: Military strike against Iran would be 'stupid'". Ha'aretz.
- "Former Mossad Chief Asked to Return Diplomatic Passport". Haaretz.com.
- "Ex-israeli Spy Chief: Bombing Iran A Stupid Idea". CBS News. 8 March 2012.
- "ynet משרד התחבורה: רכבת העמק תדהר ב-2016 - רכב". ynet. 6 March 2011.
- "Gulliver and Zerah in uranium prospecting agreement". Globes. 27 June 2011. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
Gulliver will have the right to mine metals in Zerah's Maya license in the Dead Sea area.
- "In Israel, ex-Mossad chief pans for gold". Bloomberg Businessweek. Associated Press. 16 April 2012. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Ex-Mossad chief Meir Dagan dies". ynet. 17 March 2016.
- "Ex-Mossad chief undergoes liver transplant in Belarus". ynet. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
- "Top liver transplant surgeon immigrates to Israel".
- "Meir Dagan back in Israel following liver transplant". ynet. 27 October 2012. Retrieved 2016-03-17.
- "'I hope this is all behind me' says recovering former spy chief". Israelhayom.com. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
- Lis, Jonathon; Ravid, Barak; Cohen, Gili (17 March 2016). "Former Mossad Chief Meir Dagan Dies at 71". Ha'aretz. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Media related to Meir Dagan at Wikimedia Commons